The Hindu Vocabulary 31 January 2022

2022-01-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 January 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Valley and hills: On Manipur poll battle’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Alliance

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc. (सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

The countries agreed to form a strategic alliance to counter China.

Defector

Noun

A person who defects from a cause, country, alliance, etc (दल-बदलू)

Deserter, Renegade, Betrayer, Apostate

-

The defector joined the mainstream party to assure his win.

Undue

Adjective

Unnecessary (अनावश्यक, ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा, फ़ालतू)

Disproportionate, Extreme, Inordinate, Improper

Appropriate, Decent, Fair, Moderate

Meera's plan to take undue advantage of the situation failed. 

Rival

Adjective

Opposing (विपरीत)

Competing, Conflicting, Contending

Assisting, Supporting

The US imposed sanctions on its rival nations.

Noun

A person who opposes in competition (प्रतियोगी)

Adversary, Challenger, Competitor, Opponent

 

Ally, Helper, Associate, Cohort

He congratulated his rival on his win after the match.

Verb

Oppose (बराबरी करना)

Emulate, Equal, Resemble, Approach

Disconnect, Give up, Leave

Shanu rivaled Manu's statement regarding the property. 

Contention

Noun

An argument for idea (तर्क)

Allegation, Discussion, Assertion, Explanation

Proof, Reality, Retreat, Denial

Raju gave strong contention for his ideas regarding the new business.

 

Noun

Competition (प्रतिस्पर्धा)

Argument, Rivalry, Conflict, Struggle

Accord, Agreement, Approval, Authorization

The contention between the two players became serious when they bet for the win.

Foothold

Noun

Ledge

(पकड़)

Footing, Niche, Perche, Hold

-

The ruling party has a strong foothold in the region.

Influential 

Adjective

Powerful, Effective (दबदबेवाला, प्रभावशाली)

Authoritative, Dominant, Persuasive, Prominent

Subordinate, Inferior, Trivial, Insignificant

His personality was so influential that one would feel lost while listening to him. 

Inhabited

Adjective

Occupied (बसा हुआ)

Developed, Settled, Owned, Populated

-

The island is not well inhabited. 

Fray

Noun

Fight

(लड़ाई)

 

Fracas, Melee, Brawl

Peace, Accord, Agreement

The couple got into the fray over the child's custody. 

Verb

Shred (उधेड़ना)

Erode, Frazzle, Unravel, Fret

Please, See

Small children use to fray newspapers when coming in contact. 

Repeal

Noun

Cancellation (निरस्तीकरण)

Abolition, Abrogation, Annulment, Withdrawal

Approval, Sanction, Enactment, Validation

The repeal of a certain section of the law requires a legislative process. 

Verb

Declare null and void (रद्द करना)

Abolish, Abrogate, Annul, Cancel

Allow, Approve, Build, Enforce

The government passed the orders to repeal the farm acts. 

Autonomy

Noun

Independence (स्वशासन)

Freedom, Self-rule, Self-determination, Sovereignty

Dependence

Certain communities of the northeast are demanding greater autonomy. 

Enactment

Noun

Authorization (अधिनियमन)

Legislation, Proclamation, Ratification, Decree

Disorganisation, Lawlessness, Hindrance, Stop

The enactment of the new law was approved by the cabinet. 

 

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If mixture A has methane and ethane in the ratio of 1 : 1. If ethane in a quantity that is three times the quantity of mixture A is added to mixture A, then what is the ratio of methane to ethane in the resultant mixture?