The Hindu Vocabulary 20 February 2022

2022-02-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Foreign quarter: On internal matters and India’s response.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Response

Noun

An answer or reply in words or action.

(प्रतिक्रिया)

Answer, Reaction, Reply, Return

Question, Failure, Request, Asking

He got a response from the CM office in return of his letter.

Maturity

Noun

The state of being mature.

Full development.

(परिपक्वता)

Adulthood, Majority, Ability, Experience

Ignorance, Impotence, Incompetence, Stoppage

It is biologically proven that girls attain maturity earlier than boys.

Criticism

Noun

The act of passing judgment on the merits of anything.

A comment that expresses disapproval of something or someone.

(आलोचना)

Critique, Examen, Assessment, Comment, Opinion, Denunciation, Objection

Approval, Compliment, Flattery, Estimation

The party chief received a lot of internal criticism from own party.

Decline

Noun

A downward slope.

A change to a lower level.

(पतन)

Deterioration, Downturn, Drop, Failure

Increase, Rise, Success, Accomplishment

There was a decline in the prices of vegetables.

Verb

To express inability to accept.

To descend.

(अस्वीकार करना/ नीचा होना)

Deny, Dismiss, Deteriorate, Diminish

Ascend, Develop, Accept, Allow

I declined her offer of a new job.

Tenure

Noun

The holding of anything like a position or office.

Status granted to an employee.

(कार्यकाल)

Hitch, Stint, Term, Ownership

Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

I requested the department to extend my tenure.

Merit

Noun

Something that deserves  a reward.

(योग्यता)

Benefit, Dignity, Excellence, Asset

Disadvantage, Dishonour, Worthlessness, Evil

The judgment will be based on the merits alone.

Verb

To be worthy of.

(लायक़ होना)

Deserve, Justify, Warrant, Earn

-

He merited a great success after these years of struggle.

Baseless

Adjective

Having no base or groundless.

(निराधार)

Filmsy, Gratuitous, Unfounded, Unjustifiable

Proven, Warranted, Justified, Reasonable

All his allegations were baseless.

Confucian

Noun

An adherent of the Chinese philosopher Confucius.

(चीनी दार्शनिक कन्फ्यूशियस का अनुयायी।)

-

-

He was Confucian in his ideology.

 

Adjective

Relating to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius.

(चीनी दार्शनिक कन्फ्यूशियस की शिक्षाओं से संबंधित।)

-

-

The confucian guidelines were not welcomed.

Probity

Noun

Adherence to the highest principles.

Integrity and honesty.

(ईमानदारी)

Character, Decency, Goodness, Uprightness

Badness, Evil, Immortality, Wichedness

The chairman should be someone with indisputable probity.

Decry

Verb

To condemn or express strong disapproval of something or someone.

(निंदा)

Belittle, Condemn, Denounce, Minimize, Abuse

Approve, Praise, Commend, Compliment

She decries the industrial pollution in her blogs.

Doth

Verb

Carry out

(अंजाम देना)

Behave

(व्यवहार करना)

Accomplish, Achieve, Act, Close

Direct, Stop, Withhold, Halt, Refrain

The opposition party doth protest against the ruling party.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

India has signed many bilateral agreements with Japan.

Ripple

Noun

Wave

(लहर)

Billow, Crest, Fold, Furrow, Line

-

One would see ripples in water during the rain.

Verb

Coil, Curl, Flow, Fluctuate, Flutter, Motion

Be still, Remain, Stay, Leave alone

The sea water ripples due to Tsunamis.

Demarche

Noun

A diplomatic or political initiative or Maneuver.

(तिकड़म)

Action, Measure, Manipulation, Movement, Trick

Cessation, Ignorance, Inactivity, Inaction, Honesty

The government should  not only focus on delivering the demarches from time to time but also on public diplomacy.

Summon

Verb

Call to a place

(एक जगह पर बुलाना)

Ask, Assemble, Call, Convene, Direct

Answer, Cancel, Disperse, Divide, Reply

The President summons both the houses of Parliament.

Evinces

Verb

Reveal the presence of a quality or feeling.

(प्रकट करना)

Reveal, Show, Make clear, Make obvious, Manifest, Indicate

Conceal, Deny, Cover, Hide, Secrete

The letters sent by the officer evince the internal affairs of the state.

Privilege

Noun

A special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group. (विशेषाधिकार)

Advantage, Allowance, License, Authority, Prerogative

Disadvantage, Handicap, Misfortune, Refusal, Hindrance

The Ministers enjoy some privileges in both the houses of Parliament.

Arbitrary

Adjective

Based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

(मनमाना)

Capricious, Whimsical, Random, Chance, Erratic, Unpredictable

Consistent, Definite, Dependable, Logical, Reasonable

Many people lost their jobs due to arbitrary restrictions imposed on the border areas.

Harsh

Adjective

Unpleasantly rough or jarring to the senses.

(कठोर)

 

Bitter, Bleak, Grim, Hard, Rigid

Bland, Bright, Calm, Cheerful, Easy

The harsh chemical cleaner spoiled the clothes.

 

Cruel

(निर्दयी)

Brutal, Stern, Stringent, Tough

Agreeable, Considerate, Facile, Gentle, Good

His words were too harsh to listen.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?