The Hindu Vocabulary 21 February 2022

2022-02-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No slacking: On action plans against antimicrobial resistance.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Slack

Verb

The quality of showing boldness and courage.

(कमज़ोर करना)

Weaken, Ease, Loosen, Relax

Strengthen, Strain, Tense, Tighten

Don’t hold it too tight, slack it a bit.

Noun

A part of something that hangs loose.

A portion that is required but lacking.

(रस्से का ढीला भाग/ दलदला स्थान/ एक हिस्सा जिसकी आवश्यकता है लेकिन कमी है।)

Give, Leeway, Slackening, Slowdown, Play

-

He hired a person to take up the slack.

Adjective

Not using due diligence.

Characterized by slowness. (लापरवाह)

Feeble, Lax, Leisurely, Sloppy

Active, Intelligent, Lively, Quick

At such a slack pace, the project is not going to be finished on time.

Antimicrobial

Noun

Stopping the growth of microorganisms, especially pathogens.

(रोगाणुरोधी)

-

-

This Himalayan herb has antimicrobial properties.

Resistance

Noun

The opposition offered by one thing to another.

(प्रतिरोध)

Battle, Defiance, Fight, Intransigence

Aid, Assistance, Help, Liberation

The resistance offered by you towards any change is irritating.

Impediment

Noun

Anything that hinders or obstructs something.

(बाधा)

Balk, Bar, Block, Chain, Barrier, Burden, Deterrent, Difficulty, Drawback

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit, Blessing, Allowance, Boon

Your project is going to face so many impediments from the department.

Yank

Verb

To pull or remove something abruptly.

(झटका देना)

Jerk, Snap, Tear, Snatch, Hitch

Fix, Push

He was yanked out of the group.

Noun

A strong pull.

(झटका)

Draw, Haul, Pluck, Tug

Push

I experienced a yank in the crowd and then fell down.

Elaborate

Adjective

Worked out with great care and detail.

(विस्तृत)

Busy, Decorated, Embellished, Exact

Easy, Facile, Natural, Simple

He was very excited and was doing elaborate preparations for the function.

Verb

To expand something in detail.

(विस्तार से करना)

Amplify, Clarify, Comment, Deck, Devise

Abridge, Block, Compress, Condense

He was asked to elaborate his idea in the meeting.

Counterfactual

Noun

Contrary to fact.

(प्रतितथ्यात्मक)

False, Incorrect, Untrue, Untruthful

True, Factual, Correct

The view about the new policy is counterfactual.

Pathogens

Noun

Any disease-causing agent especially a virus or bacteria.

(रोगज़नक़)

Antibody, Bacterium, Bug, Virus, Microbe, Germ

-

Many pathogens can pass from humans to animals and from animals to humans.

Alarming

Adjective

Causing people to feel danger or fear from something.

(खतरनाक)

Disquieting, Frightening, Distressing, Startling

Comforting

The data on the mental health of the population of our country was alarming enough to start a new department for it.

Morbidity

Noun

The proportion of sickness of a specific disease in a geographical area.

A diseased state.

(रोगों की संख्या/ रोगी-भाव)

Anguish, Bitterness, Chagrin, Depression

Cheer, Contentment, Benefit, Comfort

The new virus is responsible for considerable morbidity in animal populations.

Pernicious

Adjective

Causing harm.

Highly injurious.

(हानिकारक)

Evil, Harmful, Noxious, Injurious

Anodyne, Harmless, Innocent, Innocuous

The teachings given in the terrorist camps are pernicious.

Enzyme

Noun

Any of numerous proteins produced by living cells capable of producing certain chemical changes.

(किण्वक)

Impetus, Incentive, motivation, Barm, Ferment, Goad, Impulse, Incendiary

Block, Discouragement, Hindrance, Peace, Block

The researchers have been trying to produce a medicine that will block the activity of an enzyme that is helping bacteria to stay in the body.

Render

Verb

To cause to become.

To melt down.

To present for consideration.

To provide a due reward.

(प्रस्तुत करना)

Cede, Deliver, Relinquish, Surrender, Give, Interpret, Portray, Reproduce

Take, Cloud, Conceal, fail, Obscure

Failure can render a person helpless.

Implementation

Noun

An act or instance of putting something into effect.

(कार्यान्वयन)

Accomplishment, Commission, Discharge, Perpetration

Nonfulfillment, Nonperformance, Failure, Dissatisfaction

\The implementation of laws is in the hands of the Government.

Consortium

Noun

Any association or union.

An agreement formed to carry into effect some financial operation requiring resources more than that of a single member.

(संघ)

Association, Board, Council, League

Division, Detachment, Parting, Separation

A European consortium invested millions in the new technology.

Enforce

Verb

To impose upon a person.

To obtain by force.

(लागू करना)

Administer, Apply, Execute, Accomplish, Apply, Invoke

Cease, Halt, Refuse, Stop, Check, Deter

The local authorities are planning to enforce a parking ban on the road.

Correlation

Noun

The state of being related.

(सह - संबंध)

Interaction, Parallel, Alternation, Complement

Difference, Disconnection, Disassociation, Imbalance

There is a correlation between current and resistance.

Lax

Adjective

Loose or slack.

Open and loose,

(ढीला)

Careless, Derelict, Lazy, Lenient, Sloppy, Soft

Caring, Severe, Attentive, Concerned

The lax rope was used to hang clothes to dry.

Erode

Verb

To eat away.

To destroy by slow destruction of substance.

(खत्म)

Bite, Eat, Gnaw, Nibble, Corrode, Destroy

Build, Ignore, Construct, Neglect

The wind waves have eroded the cliffs.

 

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