The Hindu Vocabulary 22 April 2022

2022-04-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Bumps ahead: On IMF’s India growth forecast.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bump

Noun

A light blow or collision.

A protuberance on a surface.

(टक्कर/ टकराव)

Knot, Lump, Node, Nodule

-

There were many bumps on the road.

Verb

To collide with someone or something.

To bounce along.

To encounter something that is an obstacle.

(धक्का मारना)

Collide, Bounce, Crash, Jerk, Knock, Punch, Budge, Displace, Increase, Raise

Decrease, Diminish

I almost bumped into Rajesh.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

The share market forecast proved to be wrong this week.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

The palm reader forecasted good fortune in my life.

Flagged

Verb

To signal with or as if with a flag

(झंडी से सूचित करना)

To decline in interest, attraction, or value

(मंद होना)

Abate, Deteriorate, Fade, Languish, Wane, Taper off

Indicate, Salute, Gesture, Hail, Motion

Enhance, Grow, Increase, Rise, Strengthen

Do well, Increase, Rise, Strengthen

 

Outlook

Verb

View

(देखना)

Prospect, Aspect, Scene, Exposure

Neglect, Avoid, Ignore, Expel, Dismiss, Disregard

As per the World Bank report, Indian Economy has a positive outlook.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The process of invasion needs to be stopped as soon as possible.

Dampen

Verb

Make less strong or intense.

(कम करना)

Lessen, Decrease, Diminish, Reduce, Lower, Moderate, Damp

Heighten, Increased, Intensified, Enhanced, Boosted, Accelerated

The new reforms have dampened the economic growth.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic has caused many new startups to rise and many to fail.

Emphasize

Verb

 

Accent, Feature, Foreground, Highlight, Illuminate, Press, Stress

De-emphasize, Play down

He emphasized the need for political reforms.

Optimistic

 

Adjective

Hopeful and confident about the future.

(आशावादी)

Cheerful, Cheery, Positive, Hopeful, Confident

Pessimistic, Negative, Gloomy, Ominous

He was optimistic about his business.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common, Ordinary, Usual

The unprecedented moves by my opponent surprised me.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

The deficit in my finances will be compensated by my extra earnings from the share market.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

I hope that the next fiscal year is good for us.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The rising inflation is impacting poor people badly.

Exacerbate

Verb

Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

(बिगाड़ देना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Compound, Intensify, Increase, Magnify

Calm, Reduce, Settle, Lower, Lessen, Set, Pacify

His silence on being alleged exacerbated the situation.

Moot

Adjective

Subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

Deprived of practical significance.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Problematic, Unresolved, Unsettled, Suspect

Certain, Definite, Sure, Settled, Incontestable, Undeniable

The inspector said that the case is moot.

Verb

To present for discussion.

To argue.

(बहस करना/ विचार करना/ वाद-विवाद करना)

Broach, Introduce, Place, Raise

Censor, Quiet, Silence, Hush, Suppress

The proposal was rejected when it was first mooted.

Noun

An assembly for the administration of justice.

(कानून के छात्रों की मंडली/ विवाद्य)

-

-

They joined the moot and discussed various issues.

Manifest

Verb

Show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

(प्रकट)

Display, Show, Present, Reveal, Evince

Hide, Conceal, Detain, Cover

Somu manifested that he has a lot of wealth.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

The bird emerged from the skies all of a sudden.

Distress

Noun

Great pain or sorrow.

A state of danger.

A painful situation.

(संकट/ पीड़ा/ आपदा)

Ache, Affliction, Anguish, Anxiety, Calamity, Catastrophe, Crunch, Aggrieve, Agonize, Ail

Advantage, Aid, Blessing, Calm, Benefit, Appease, Assist, Assuage

Your parents were in distress and you left them alone.

Adjective

Involving distress goods.

Offered for sale at loss.

(घाटे में बेचने की पेशकश करना |)

-

-

The post-distress firms still look investable.

Verb

To subject to great difficulties.

(बड़ी मुश्किलों का शिकार होना।)

-

-

She conveyed distress naturally in her painting.

Headwind

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

Nuclear power plant construction is facing headwinds from the local population.

Smoothen

Verb

To make smooth.

To become smooth.

(समतल बनाना)

Equalize, Flatten, Equate, Even

Roughen, Jag

The wooden log was smoothened to be used in the chair.

Fluctuation

Noun

Continual change or shifting back and forth in the level or strength.

(अस्थिरता)

Variation, Change, Inconstancy, Flux, Oscillation

Constant, Stable

The fluctuations in the power supply damaged our television set.

Devise

Noun

The act of disposing of property by will.

(वसीयतनामा/ इच्छापत्र)

-

-

The transfer of vehicle is automatically done to the son and is independent of a devise under a will.

Verb

To plan or elaborate.

(वसीयत में देना/ चिंतन करना/ ढूंढ निकालना)

Arrange, Concoct, Craft, Construct, Forge, Formulate, Hatch, Invent

Destroy, Ruin, Forget, Disorder, Ignore, Disorganise

SpaceX is putting every effort to devise a strategy to take people to Mars.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The crisis can only be solved through a collective effort.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?