The Hindu Vocabulary 21 April 2022

2022-04-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘An honest reckoning: On simmering dispute between India and WHO about COVID deaths.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reckoning

Noun

The action or process of calculating or estimating something.

A summing up.

(गणना/ हिसाब-किताब/ संगणना)

Calculation, Estimation, Adding, Ciphering, Count, Tally

-

Last year was the worst in my life by any reckoning.

Simmering

Noun

A state or temperature just below boiling point.

(उबाल)

-

-

Bring the tea to a simmer and then slow down the gas.

Verb

(of water or food) stay just below the boiling point while being heated.

(धीरे-धीरे पकना)

To be in inward turmoil

(क्रोध की अवस्था में बने रहना)

Boil gently, Stew, Bubble, Poach, Seethe

-

Simmer the vegetables for some time and then add cream.

Forthcoming

Adjective

Planned for or about to happen in the near future.

(आगामी)

Imminent, Coming, Approaching, Advancing, Nearing, Close, Expected

Remote, Distant, Gone, Past, Bygone

I will participate in the forthcoming bye elections.

(of something required) ready or made available when wanted or needed.

(उपलब्ध)

Available, Ready, Accessible, Obtainable, Obtained, Given

-

The food packets are not forthcoming. We have to arrange something for ourselves.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

We have already faced three waves of the pandemic.

Extrapolation

Noun

The action of estimating or concluding something by assuming that existing trends will continue or a current method will remain applicable.

(बाह्य गणन)

Calculation, Estimate, Forecast, Estimation, Computation

Depression

The sizes of clothes were estimated by extrapolation.

Stall

Verb

Delay for own purposes

(रोकना)

Halt, Hamper, Hinder, Interrupt, Postpone, Put off, Slow

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist, Carry out, Continue

His car stalled at the gate due to malfunctioning.

Noun

A stand, booth, or compartment for the sale of goods in a market or large covered area.

(छोटी दुकान)

-

-

The vegetable stalls were removed from the streets.

Reliance

Noun

Dependence on someone or something.

The act of relying on something.

(भरोसा)

Anchor, Pillar, Dependence, Assurance, Belief, Credence

Disbelief, Doubt, Misgiving, Distrust

Our country’s reliance on Russia for support at the UN has always been proven true.

Disclosure

Noun

The action of making new or secret information known.

(प्रशासन)

Revelation, Divulgence, Declaration, Announcement, News, Report, Expose, Confession

Concealment, Denial, Secret

You need to make certain disclosures while filing an application.

Laggard

Adjective

Moving slowly.

(सुस्त/ ठंडा/ निस्तेज)

Crawling, Creeping, Delaying, Dawdling

Barreling, Bolting, Breakneck, Breathless

I get irritated by getting stuck behind laggard car drivers.

Noun

A person or thing that lags or is slow.

(आलसी आदमी/ सुस्त आदमी/ ठंडा आदमी/ निस्तेज आदमी)

Dawdler, Loafer, Idler, Lingerer, Plodder, Snail

Speedster

My brother is such a laggard.

Disparity

Noun

Lack of similarity or equality.

Noticeable dissimilarity.

(असमानता/ अंतर/ विभिन्नता/ इंतियाज़)

Discrepancy, Distinction, Divergence, Gap, Imbalance, Inequality

Agreement, Harmony, Alikeness, Similarity

The increasing disparity of income between men and women should be taken care of.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The delay in justice for the poor is an instance of the inefficiency of the judiciary system.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Rahul instanced an incident of his father’s driving while we were discussing cars.

Ascribe

Noun

To credit as to a source.

To refer to a supposed source or author.

(कारण बताना/ मढ़ना/ संबंध बताना)

Backer, Believer, Devotee, Disciple 

Antagonist, Leader

I ascribed my success to my mother’s motivation and good luck.

Pervasive

Adjective

Existing through every part of something.

(व्यापक/ फैलनेवाला/ प्रसारित हो जानेवाला)

Common, Inescapable, Omnipresent, Prevalent

Rare, Uncommon, Light, Scarce

We were troubled by a pervasive bad odour.

Resilient

Noun

Capable of withstanding shock.

Recovering readily from depression or sickness.

(लचीला/ तन्यक/ लचनशील)

Buoyant, Strong, Supple, Tough

Delicate, Hard, Inflexible, Weak

The local market is very resilient to any type of situation.

Inevitable

Noun

Something that is unavoidable.

(एक ऐसी स्थिति जो अपरिहार्य है)

-

-

You have to accept the inevitable.

Adjective

Incapable of being avoided.

(अपरिहार्य/ अवश्यंभावी)

Imminent, Impending, Inescapable, Inexorable

Avoidable, Distant, Escapable, Preventable, Uncertain, Later

You will have to face the inevitable outcomes.

Blight

Noun

The state of being deteriorated or harmed.

Something that destroys.

(नुक़सान/ क्षति)

Affliction, Canker, Decay, Eyesore

Cleanliness, Goodness, Boon, Purification

Urbanization is a blight on wild animals.

Verb

To impair the quality of something.

To have a bad effect on something.

(हानि पहुंचाना/ नुक़सान पहुंचाना)

Mar, Taint, Annihilate, Blast

Aid, Assist, Build, Compliment

The huge construction projects acquiring lands of farmers are a blight on greenery.

Burnish

Verb

To make shiny by rubbing.

(किसी दाँत को खुरचना एवं उस पर पॉलिश करना)

Buff, Furbish, Glance, Shine

Dull, Tarnish

He was making efforts to burnish leather shoes.

Noun

Gloss and brightness of a surface.

(सतह की चमक)

Gloss, Luminance, Luster, Polish

-

The burnish of the silver teapot was amazing.

Credential

Noun

Evidence or authority of status.

Certified documents or information that identifies an account.

(साख/ स्थिति का प्रमाण या अधिकार/ प्रमाणित दस्तावेज़ या जानकारी जो किसी खाते की पहचान करती है।)

Authentic, Conceivable, Convincing, Credible, Persuasive, Plausible, Authorization, Certification

Implausible, Improbable, Inconceivable, Incredible, Breach, Break

People with proper credentials will be granted entry and the rest won’t be allowed to enter the hall.

Verb

To give credentials to someone for academic or professional purposes.

(शैक्षणिक या व्यावसायिक उद्देश्यों के लिए किसी को साख देना।)

-

-

He has been credentialed to serve in the army.

Adjective

Providing the basis of confidence.

(विश्वास का आधार प्रदान करना।)

-

-

There were signs reminding credential holders to wear masks and identity cards at the event.

 

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If the signs '+' and 'x' are interchanged, then which of the following would be correct?