The Hindu Vocabulary 23 February 2022

2022-02-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Turnout indications: on polling in Punjab, U.P..’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Turnout

Noun

The gathering of persons who come to an exhibition or party.

Quantity of production.

(उपस्थित होना/ उत्पादन की मात्रा)

Attendance, Crowd, Number, Turnover

Origin, Resource, Source

The voter turnout in many constituencies was less than 60%.

Fragmented

Noun

A part broken off.

An incomplete or isolated part.

(टुकड़ा)

Bit, Chunk, Hunk, Lump, Piece

Lot, Whole, Total

The cup lay in fragments on the table.

Verb

To break into pieces.

(टुकड़ों में तोड़ना)

Disintegrate, Rend, Rive, Burst, Crumble, Disunite, Break, Fracture

Combine, Fix, Join, Complete

External forces are trying to fragment our country into three parts.

Depresses

Verb

To decrease the value or amount.

To make sad.

To lower in force or strength

(कम करना/ उदास करना)

Afflict, Bother, Diminish, Lessen, Lower, Couch

Raise, Rise, Cheer, Comfort, Compliment, Enlarge, Aid, Assist

The medication may depress metabolism.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

It seems that there won’t be a clear mandate.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

CEO mandated submission of project progress report every day until the project is completed.

Swinging

Noun

The activity of a person who swings.

(झूला)

-

-

The swinging of a pendulum marks one second of time.

Adjective

Being lively.

Characterized by causing to swing.

(लहराती हुई)

Fluctuating, Swaying, Waving, Active

Lazy, Old

The music of the new singer is really swinging.

Anti-Incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

You are going to lose the election due to anti-incumbency.

Frustration

Noun

The act of frustrating.

A feeling of dissatisfaction.

Something that causes a feeling of dissatisfaction.

(निराशा)

Annoyance, Failure, Grievance, Resentment

Happiness, Pleasure, Help, Aid

This music causes frustration to me.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

They are erstwhile enemies.

Archenemy

Noun

A principal or main enemy.

(कट्टर दुश्मन)

Antagonist, Archfoe, Adversary, Foe

Friend

He is our family’s archenemy.

Viable

Adjective

Capable of living.

Capable of working.

(जीवक्षम)

Applicable, Feasible, Workable, Possible

Impossible, Unlikely, Unfeasible, Unachievable

Your plan seems viable.

Electorate

Noun

The territory or jurisdiction.

A body of people constituting the voters of a territory.

(निर्वाचन-क्षेत्र)

Constituency, Voter

-

He lost his hold in the electorate.

Enthusiasm

Noun

Strong excitement of feeling.

An activity in which high interest is shown.

(उत्साह)

Buzz, Craze, Fashion, Rage, Emotion, Energy

Apathy, Calm, Peace, Depression, Dislike, Coolness

He showed great enthusiasm for the movie.

Welfare

Noun

The state of doing well, especially with respect to good prosperity.

Health, happiness and fortunes of someone.

(कुशल)

Benefit, Health, Good, Progress

Disadvantage, Misery, Discontent, Dissatisfaction

The major responsibility of the social groups is the welfare of society.

Adjective

Relating to the improvement of welfare.

(कल्याण में सुधार के संबंध में)

-

-

The local authorities passed welfare legislation.

Patronage

Noun

Financial support provided to business by customers.

The power to make appointments to government jobs to grant other political favours.

(संरक्षण)

Aegis, Auspices, Buying, Cronyism

Attack, Blockage, Disapproval, Discouragement

Our new business store is expected to have heavy patronage.

Emphasis

Noun

A particular prominence given to something.

Special consideration on something.

Something that is given special importance.

(प्रमुखता)

Attention, Insistence, Priority, Significance

Ignorance, Lethargy, Incompetence, Triviality

Our school gives special emphasis on sports.

Brethren

Noun

Fellow members of a male religious order.

(भाई)

Relative, Kin, Twin, Kinsperson

Enemy

We went to a party with our daily prayers brethren.

Coalition

Noun

An alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states. (गठबंधन)

Alliance, Merger, Union, Partnership, Bloc

Detachment, Disconnection, Division, Separation

Sometimes post-poll alliances and coalitions are very surprising.

Bode

Verb

To predict.

To pretend.

To indicate something by signs.

(भविष्यव्दाणी करना)

Augur, Indicate, Forebode, Forecast

-

The recent data bodes very good chances of his reelection.

Populous

Adjective

Densely populated.

Full of residents.

(घना बसा हुआ)

Crowded, Numerous, Various, Populated

Deserted

Many Japanese cities are more populous than Indian cities.

 

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