The Hindu Vocabulary 24 February 2022

2022-02-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Russian recognition: On Putin’s eastern Ukraine moves.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Recognition

Noun

The gathering of persons who come to an exhibition or party.

Quantity of production.

(मान्यता)

Acceptance, Admission, Awareness, Attention, Credit, Esteem

Denial, Disagreement, Ignorance, Refusal, Forgetfulness, Disregard

The committee is trying to get formal recognition of the association by the government.

Wrest

Noun

A key to play musical instruments

(वीणा या पियानो बजाने के लिए चाभी।)

-

-

I was looking for the wrest for my piano.

Verb

To twist or break.

To take away by force.

(बल द्वारा दूर ले जाना)

Exact, Extort, Falsify, Seize, Corkscrew, Prize, Uproot, Wring, Yank

Give

He tried to wrest the company from his uncle’s control.

Expansion

Noun

The act of expanding.

The increase in size or scope.

(विस्तार)

Development, Enlargement, Dilation, Increase

Abridgment, Reduction, Compression, Decrease

The company is always looking forward to its economic expansion.

Ratcheting

Noun

A situation that is perceived to be changing in a series of irreversible steps.

A device consisting of the toothed bar.

(ऐसी स्थिति जिसे अपरिवर्तनीय चरणों की एक श्रृंखला में बदलते हुए माना जाता है/ शाफ़्ट)

Disk, Drum, Prong, Rack, Braid, Coil

-

We are worried by the upward ratchet of the pulses price.

Verb

To move by degrees or steps.

(स्थिर और अपरिवर्तनीय प्रक्रिया में एक कदम के रूप में कुछ उठने या गिरने का कारण बनना)

Lower

Increase

He tried to ratchet down the loan.

Frenetic

Adjective

Marked by fast and energetic activity.

(उन्मत्त)

Delirious, Feverish, Frantic, Mad

Relaxed, Calm, Peaceful, Balanced

I am impressed by your frenetic pace of work.

Diplomacy

Noun

The practice of conduction of negotiations between two nations.

Skill in managing a situation without turning it hostile.

(कूटनीति)

Negotiation, Politics, Discretion, Artfulness, Craft

Ignorance, Impoliteness, Rudeness, Tact

We are grateful to Mr. Srikanth for his expertise in foreign diplomacy.

Enclave

Noun

A small area enclosed within a larger area.

A country mostly surrounded by another country.

(विदेशी अन्तःक्षेत्र)

Ascendancy, Authorization, Bailiwick, Isle, Peninsula, Reserve, Area, Colony, Country

Openness, Sky

We went to visit some local ethnic enclaves.

Verb

To enclose within a foreign environment.

(एक विदेशी वातावरण के भीतर संलग्न करने के लिए)

Besiege, Circle, Envelop, Inundate

Free, Allow, Lose, Permit, Center

The desert enclaved the little nomadic settlement.

Oblast

Noun

A political subdivision of the USSR.

(भूतपूर्व)

-

-

While under Soviet rule, Nagorno-Karabakh had an autonomous oblast within Azerbaijan.

Peacekeeper

Noun

A person or group who maintains the peace.

(शांतिदूत)

Arbitrator, Conciliator, Mediator, Negotiator

Agitator, Instigator, Voiolent

The UN peacekeepers were sent to the African countries.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

It is only due to the involvement of foreign powers that a possible invasion has been avoided.

Recede

Verb

To become distant.

To move back or away.

(दूर जाना)

Abate, Sink, Ebb, Fade, Lessen, Retire

Develop, Enhance, Enlarge, Expand­­

It is a good sign that the overall loan amount is receding.

Troop

Noun

An assemblage of persons.

A group of soldiers.

(सैन्यदल)

Army, Contingent, Crew, Delegation

Individual, One

Now the only way towards peace is to withdraw troops from the conflict areas.

Verb

To gather in a company.

To move in large numbers.

(बड़ी संख्या में स्थानांतरित करना)

Gather

Alone

The military has started trooping at the border.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

The sanctions are going to be increased on Russia in case of a war.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Boss has sanctioned the budget for your department.

Escalation

Noun

A rapid increase or rise.

(गहरा हो जाना/ वृद्धि)

Acceleration, Increase, Growth, Rise

Decrease, Diminishment

Any further escalation in this matter will lead to war.

Interlocutor

Noun

A person who takes part in a conversation. (वार्ताकार)

Interrogator, Questioner, Interviewer, Speaker

-

He wants us to be an interlocutor between them and the rebel groups.

Underway

Adverb

In progress.

(क्रम में)

Afoot

Halted

The car should be underway soon.

Adjective

Occurring while in motion.

(मार्ग का)

Afoot, Ongoing

Halted, Stopped

We are waiting for the underway CBI investigation.

Pragmatism

Noun

A practical approach to problems and affairs.

(व्यवहारवाद)

Advantage, Heterodoxy, Disdain, Assumption, Criterion

Disadvantage, Spiritualism, Humility, Modesty

The book written by him favours pragmatism over ideology.

Inconvenient

Verb

Not suiting one’s needs.

Not easily accessible.

(असुविधाजनक)

Awkward, Disobliging, Cumbersome, Difficult

Convenient, Easy, Nice, Graceful

The store is at an inconvenient location.

 

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