The Hindu Vocabulary 25 February 2022

2022-02-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘People's endorsement: On DMK front’s victory in Tamil Nadu urban civic polls.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Endorsement

Noun

Approval or support.

Recommending a product or a person.

(समर्थन)

Advocacy, Affirmation, Approval, Permission

Denial, Veto, Disapproval, Refusal, Disfavour

Cricketers earn a huge amount through paid endorsements.

Urban

Adjective

Related to the characteristics of a town or a city.

(शहरी)

Civic, Downtown, Metropolitan, Burghal

Country, Rural, Suburban

Urban areas are more developed than rural areas.

Civic

Adjective

Relating to a city or citizens especially local authority like a municipality.

(नगर)

Civil, Urban, National, Local

-

All the civic problems are handled by the Mayor.

Resound

Verb

To make an echoing sound.

To be notably important

(गूंजना/ यश फैलाना)

Echo, Reverberate, Reproduce, Vibrate, Ring

Silent

His speech before the beginning of war resounded throughout the world.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

The military’s invasion of other nations does not have its public mandate.

 

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The police department mandated the banning of Mobile phones even at the red lights.

Splinter

Noun

A small needle-like particle.

A group broken away from a parent body.

(किरच)

Bit, Chip, Needle, Flake

Whole

Tanu got a splinter in her wrist.

Verb

To split into long thin pieces.

(पतली पट्टी चीरना)

Disintegrate, Fracture, Split, Rive, Shatter, Slice

Combine, Fix, Mend, Unite

The glass splintered into pieces.

Meticulously

Adverb

In a way that involves extreme care about the minute details.

(पूरी बारीकी से)

Carefully, Exactly, Precisely, Anxiously, Correctly, Discreetly, Intimately, Intensely

Carelessly

This project needs to be done meticulously.

Decimation

Noun

The destruction of a great number of people or things.

(बरबादी)

Demolition, Extermination, Destruction, Annihilation, Catastrophe, Carnage, Extinction

Building, Construction

The war will lead to the decimation of the entire country.

Avenge

Verb

To take vengeance for or on behalf of someone.

(बदला लेना)

Redress, Requite, Revenge, Venge, Vindicate, Punish

Cheer, Encourage, Comfort, Forgive

The brothers planned to avenge their father’s death.

Humiliation

Noun

The act of humiliating or disrespecting someone.

(निरादर)

Disgrace, Ignominy, Indignity, Shame

Esteem, Respect, Glorification, Resistance

I could not tolerate any further humiliation of my brother.

Backyard

Noun

An area at the rear of the house.

(पिछला आंगन)

Courtyard, Patio, Garden, Terrace, Grass

Frontyard

One cannot hide the illegal activities in his backyard.

Adjective

Occurring in the backyard.

Located in the backyard.

Not professionally trained.

(पीछे होना/ पेशेवर रूप से प्रशिक्षित नहीं होना)

-

-

This is a backyard barbeque grill.

Tarnish

Noun

Something that tarnishes.

The condition of being tarnished.

(कलंक)

-

-

You should stay away from such tarnish.

Verb

To diminish the purity.

To bring disgrace on somebody or something.

(कलंकति करना)

Blemish, Darken, Mar, Spoil, Damage, Defame, Dim, Embarrass

Aid, Assist, Benefit, Clean

The controversy tarnished our family’s reputation.

Debacle

Noun

A complete collapse.

A general breakup.

(शिकस्त)

Beating, Crash, Devastation, failure

Accomplishment, Blessing, Creation, Miracle

This entire situation is going to end in a debacle.

Propound

Verb

To offer for discussion.

To propose.

(निवेदन करना)

Answer, Deny, Disapprove, Discourage

-

Her new article propounded the theories presented in her earlier articles.

Confine

Noun

Something that encloses.

A limit

(सीमित)

Bound, Boundary, Cap, Extent

Free

He hates the policy of not leaving the confines of his office.

Verb

To bound within limits.

(सीमित करना)

Constrain, Detain, Hinder, Imprison

Free, Liberate, Release, Allow

You cannot confine me due to pandemics.

Fortified

Adjective

Protected against attack.

Made secure.

Improved or enhanced by the addition of one or more ingredients.

(किलाबन्द/ पोषण मूल्य बढ़ाने के लिए विटामिन या अन्य पूरक मिलाया जाना)

Barricaded, Covered, Guarded, Secured

Open, Unguarded, Unprotected

I do not like the taste of fortified milk.

Coterie

Noun

A group of people unifying for a common interest.

(मंडली)

Body, Circle, Fold, Lot, Cadre, Pack

-

She is part of a coterie of influencers on social media.

Functionary

Noun

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

The functionaries are kept busy to give them a feeling of involvement.

Confidante

Noun

Someone’s close one especially a woman with whom one can discuss their secrets.

(विश्वासपात्र)

Buddy, Chum, Crony, Friend

Enemy, Foe, Stranger, Adversary

She is her close friend and confidante.

Perception

Noun

Immediate recognition of aesthetic qualities.

A mental image.

(अनुभूति)

Discernment, Insight, Perceptivity, Sagacity

Concrete, Ignorance, Unconsciousness, Stupidity

His colour perception is at the next level.

Qualm

Noun

A feeling of uneasiness about a point of conscience.

(पछतावा)

Anxiety, Disquiet, Hesitation, Misgiving, Objection, Pang

Calm, Certainty, Peace, Sureness, Collectedness, Contentedness

He has no qualms about cheating in his board exams.

Petty

Adjective

Of little importance.

Having narrow ideas.

(क्षुद्र)

Illiberal, Little, Narrow, Provincial, Frivolous, Lesser, Minor, Small

Catholic, Liberal, Open, Tolerant, Big, Enormous, Significant, Receptive

I apologize for my son’s petty behaviour.

Pushover

Noun

A p[erson who can be easily defeated or impressed.

Something accomplished without difficulty.

(एक व्यक्ति जिसे दूर करना या प्रभावित करना आसान है/ बिना कठिनाई के कुछ पूरा करना)

Cinch, Sucker, Breeze, Chump

Difficulty

The prelims exam was a pushover.

 

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