The Hindu Vocabulary 26 February 2022

2022-02-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Russia’s NATO problem: On the Ukraine war.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Unwilling

Adjective

Not willing.

Offering resistance.

(अनिच्छुक)

Forced, Unintended, Afraid, Averse, Evasive, Reluctant

Eager, Ready, Enthusiastic, Willing

He was unwilling to join the tuition classes.

Engage

Verb

To do some activity actively.

To involve in conversation with someone.

To enter into a contest or battle with someone.

(काम पर लगाना/ लड़ना)

Employ, Arrest, Fascinate, Catch, Face, Meet, Join, Lock

Shun, Disenchant, Free, Break, Retreat, Surrender, Detach, Disconnect

Russia and Ukraine are engaged in war.

Diplomatically

Adverb

In a way that relates to diplomacy or international relations.

(कूटनीतिक)

Politically, Tactfully

Bluntly

He is an expert in handling situations diplomatically.

Unjustifiable

Adjective

To make an echoing sound.

To be notably important

(अनुचित)

Baseless, Groundless, Unjust, Inexcusable

Excusable, Justified, Reasonable, Proven

Any action leading to violence is unjustifiable.

Incursion

Noun

A hostile entrance into a territory.

An entry into some activity.

(यकायक आक्रमण/ चढ़ाई)

Aggression, Attack, Inroad, Foray

Retreat

Any incursion into our airspace will have fatal results.

Troop

Noun

An assemblage of persons.

A group of soldiers.

(सैन्यदल)

Army, Contingent, Crew, Delegation

Individual, One

The Russian troops are approaching the capital city of Kyiv.

Verb

To gather in a company.

To move in large numbers.

(बड़ी संख्या में स्थानांतरित करना)

Gather

Alone

NATO has begun trooping along the borders of neighbouring countries of Ukraine.

Drastically

Adverb

In a serious manner.

Extremely

(काफी)

Acutely, Awfully, Highly, Overly, Greatly, Highly

Incompletely, Little, Calmly, Trivially

Our everyday lives have changed drastically with the evolution of technology.

Ripple

Noun

A shallow stretch of rough water in the stream.

A small wave.

(लहर)

Billow, Crest, Curl, Fold

Still

The ripples of the sea were amazing.

Verb

To flow with a light rise and fall.

(लहराना)

Coil, Curl, Flow, Fluctuate

Still, Remain, Stay, Calm

We could see the tiger’s muscles ripple.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The Russian armed forces may start an invasion of Ukraine’s capital city.

Vowed

Noun

A solemn pledge.

(क़सम)

Promise, Oath, Pledge

Break, Breach

My mentor took a vow of silence.

Verb

To promise as to god or a saint.

(क़सम खाना)

Affirm, Assure, Declare, Promise

Deny, Break, Disavow

They vowed revenge against their enemies.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

The US has imposed more sanctions on Russia on Thursday.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Due to uncertainty of the future, the budget could not be sanctioned for up to two months.

Impose

Verb

To put as by an authority.

To force something to be obeyed.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Foist. Demand, Charge, Fine

Disorder, Displace, Forget, Overlook

IT department imposed a fine of 1 lakh rupees.

Backlash

Noun

a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, especially to social or political development.

A sudden forceful backward movement.

(पलटाव/ प्रतिक्रिया)

Counterblast, Comeback, Recoil, Reprisal, Fallout, Backwash, Reaction, Resistance

Relapse, Deterioration, Worsening, Decline, decay, Collapse, Cause, Question

A backlash of angry feelings among the People of Russia is being observed.

Amass

Verb

To collect into a mass or a pile.

(संग्रह करना)

Accumulate, Collect, Garner, Lump

Dispel, Disperse, Scatter, Divide

He is amassing a lot of coins as a hobby.

Frustration

Noun

The act of frustrating.

A feeling of dissatisfaction.

Something that causes a feeling of dissatisfaction.

(निराशा)

Annoyance, Failure, Grievance, Resentment

Happiness, Pleasure, Help, Aid

All this news these days is causing frustration and depression.

Aggression

Noun

Any offensive action.

A forceful action that intends to dominate.

(आक्रामकता)

Bellicosity, Defiance, Pugnacity, Assault, Invasion, Offensive, Hostility

Calmness, Quiet

His aggression is the key to success.

Palpable

Adjective

Readily seen.

Capable of being touched or felt.

(स्पष्ट/ स्पर्शनीय)

Apparent, Certain, Conspicuous, Evident, Substantial, Tactile

Ambiguous, Concealed, Dubious, Abstract

There are palpable differences between our ideologies.

Inevitability

Noun

The quality of being certain to happen.

(अनिवार्यता)

Confidence, Certainty, Assurance, Prospect

Misfortune, Avoidable, Uncertain

The inevitability of the outcome was known to all beforehand.

Negotiate

Verb

To arrange for or bring about by discussion and settlement of terms

(बातचीत करना)

Bargain, Agree, Confer, Consult, Mediate, Settle

Confuse, Contend, Disagree, Deny, Ignore

He negotiated on the terms and conditions of the business contract.

Footprint

Noun

The impression left by a foot or shoe on the ground or a surface.

(पदचिह्न)

The area occupied or affected by something

Footstep, Impression, Imprint, Track

-

Suresh identified the footprints of his son and scolded him for going out without his permission. 

The state must be assured that its neighbouring country will not expand its footprints.

Integrity

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

Mr. Rajesh is the man of integrity.

 

 

The state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

(अखंडता)

Unity, Wholeness, Coherence, Solidarity, Coalition

Disunity, Incompleteness

It should be the duty of a leader to preserve the integrity of his nation. 

Assurance

Noun

Statement to relieve doubt

(आश्वासन)

Affirmation, Assertion, Guarantee, Pledge, Word

Denial, Breach of promise

He wants assurance from his dad that he will not be punished if he fails the exam.

 

 

Confidence or certainty in one’s own abilities

(विश्वास)

 

Self-confidence, Positiveness, Self-reliance, Courage

Uncertainty, Caution, Cowardice, Disbelief, Weakness

Kashish drove the bicycle with assurance.

Deflection

Noun

State of deflecting

(विमार्ग गमन)

 

Alteration, Breach, Detour, Diversion, Fluctuation

Consistency, Normality, Regularity, Sameness

His actions point towards his deflection from the path of penance.

Annexation

Noun

The act of seizing, especially territory.

(राज्य-हरण)

Incorporation, Takeover, Addition, Appropriation, Merger

Decrease, Loss, Subtraction

Russia carried out annexation of Crimean peninsula of Ukraine in 2014.

Powerhouse

Noun

A person, group, team or the like, having great energy, strength, or potential for success.

(महान ऊर्जा या शक्ति का व्यक्ति या वस्तु)

Dominant, Great, Impressive, Almighty, Influential

Inactive, Soft, Weak, Fragile

Mitochondria is the power house of the cell.

Wayside

Noun

The edge of a road.

(सड़क के किनारे)

At the curb, On the road

-

The street vendor was selling vada pao on wayside.

Expansionism

Noun

The policy of territorial or economic expansion.

(क़ब्ज़ा करने की नीति)

Imperialism, Progress, Development

Decline, Decrease

China’s aggression will divert towards Expansionism sooner or later.

Penchant

Noun

A strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something.

(लगन/ शौक)

Fondness, Affinity, Proclivity, Taste, Predilection

Antipathy, Hate, Dislike, Disinclination

Tanya has a penchant for purchasing stationery items.

Devastate

Verb

To Destroy

(उजाड़ना)

 

Ravage, Raze, Ruin, Wreck, Desolate

Build, Construct, Help, Protect

The rebel group devastated the whole building during protests.

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Soar, Shoot up, Mount, Surge, Go up, Expand

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop, Reduce

The two countries came to a peace agreement as they did not want to escalate the war.

 

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