The Hindu Vocabulary 25 December 2021

2021-12-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 December 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Change in Chile: On left-wing leader Gabriel Boric’s win’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Daunt

Verb

Frighten

(डराना)

Appall, Horrify, Intimidate, Scare, Deter

Assist, Calm, Help, Please

I was daunted by the sight of a white-dressed lady holding a candle.

Testimony

Noun

A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.

(गवाही)

Affidavit, Demonstration, Witness, Deposition

Denial, Opposition, Veto

Shyam was ready to give testimony against his friend.

Bastion

Noun

An institution, place, or person strongly defending or upholding particular principles, attitudes, or activities.

(गढ़)

Bulwark, Citadel, Fortress, Mainstay

Weak spot, Weakness

Hemant was the last bastion of hope for Renu.

Agony

Noun

Suffering

(पीड़ा)

Anguish, Misery, Passion, Torment

Contentment, Happiness, Comfort, Health

Mohit was in agony due to an injury in his leg.

Pollster

Noun

Polltaker

(चुनावकर्ता)

Canvasser, Sampler, Survey taker

-

The pollster ensured that he would not tell anyone whom we voted for.

Persecution

Noun

Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.

(उत्पीड़न)

Expulsion, Ill-treatment, Imprisonment, Maltreatment

Happiness, Joy, Help, Stimulation

Rahul’s family fled to another country to avoid religious persecution.

Topple

Verb

Fall or knock over

(गिर पड़ना)

Collapse, Oust, Overturn, Plunge, Tumble

Hold, Ascend, Lose, Increase, Rise

Neena’s car toppled when she met with an accident.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organisation

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Reign, Establishment, Rule, System

-

The regime of the present government will not remain for long.

Apparatus

Noun

Equipment with a purpose

(उपकरण)

Appliance, Device, Gear, Gizmo, Machine

-

The apparatus used by the scientists were not up to the mark.

Tackle

Verb

Make an effort

(चेष्टा करना)

Begin, Deal with, Engage in, Take on, Try

Abstain, Complete, Finish, Conclude, End

Sheena was unable to tackle the situation.

Crux

Noun

Most important part

(निचोड़)

Bottom line, Core, Essence, Gist, Nub

Exterior, Outside, Nothingness, Outside

The crux of the movie was finding the evidence against the criminal.

Sagging

Verb

To hang or to bend down

(झुकना)

Billowing, Floppy, Oversize, Roomy

Firm, Fitting, Tight

His cap was sagging with moisture due to high humidity.

 

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?