The Hindu Vocabulary 27 December 2021

2021-12-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 December 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Act of faith: On Karnataka anti-conversion law’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conversion

Noun

Change from one religion to another.

(रूपांतरण)

Alteration. Modification, Switch, Transformation

Stagnation, Idleness, Sameness, Constant

Forceful conversion is still practiced in some regions.

Pursue

Verb

To chase after something.

(अनुसरण)

Seek, Accompany, Attend, Persist

Help, Ignore, Leave, Neglect

Rahul pursued his career in IT.

Regressive

Adjective

Returning to a former state.

(प्रतिगामी)

Conservative, Relapsing, Astern, Everted

Established, Ordered

The organization believed that the regressive opposition helped them to be motivated towards their goal.

Curbing

Noun

A section made of concrete to stop something.

(रोकना)

Censoring, Quelling, Repressing, Confining

-

Earlier, there was a curbing in the size of land one can own.

Enact

Verb

To establish into a law legally.

(क़ानून बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Appoint, Accomplish

Abandon, Deny, Fail, Forget

The law was enacted by the state assembly.

Policing

Noun

The maintenance of law and order by the police force.

(पुलिस बल द्वारा कानून व्यवस्था बनाए रखना)

Checking, Hiking, Filing, Pacing

Ignore, Chaos

The Anti Romeo Squad is also considered as moral policing by some.

Tabled

Verb

To formally present for discussion.

(औपचारिक रूप से चर्चा के लिए उपस्थित होना।)

Present, Board

Take back, Hold

The bill was tabled in the assembly last Tuesday.

Presumably

Adverb

By assuming reasonably.

(शायद)

Apparently, Credible, Probably, Seemingly

Improbably, Questionably, Uncertain, Unlikely

The tourists that were missing were presumably dead.

Anticipation

Noun

Expectation or realization in advance

(प्रत्याशा)

Apprehension, Prospect, Foretaste, Expectancy

Ignorance, Amazement, Doubt, Fear

Rajni looked at the New year’s party with great anticipation.

Inducement

Noun

A motive that acts as a driver to lead one into action.

(प्रलोभन)

Encouragement, Stimulus, Motive, Spur

Discouragement, Repulsion, Hate, Disincentive

Employees were offered a bonus as an inducement to motivate them.

Allurement

Noun

Charm and Fascination

(लालच)

Bait, Appeal, Attractiveness, Captivation

Repulsion, Ugly

The false promises act as an allurement.

Patent

Noun

Exclusive rights regarding manufacturing, using or selling, granted by an authority to the inventor of something

(एकस्व)

Charter, License, Privilege, Flagrant

Ambiguous, Clean, Fuzzy, Obscure

His whole life’s work resulted in good earning after he had obtained the patent.

Sinister

Adjective

Giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen. (भयावह)

Dire, Evil, Malevolent, Ominous, Perverse

Auspicious, Good, Lucky, Nice, Benevolent

We were not allowed to enter the sinister house famous as “ghost hollow”.

Belligerent

 

Adjective

Hostile and aggressive

(युद्धरत)

Aggressive, Antagonistic, Bellicose, Hostile

Agreeable, Kind, Peaceful, Cooperative, Friendly

Everyone at college knew about his belligerent attitude.

Noun

A nation or person engaged in war or conflict, as recognized by international law

(युद्धराज्य)

Combat, Militant

-

The belligerent captured the enemy ships and declared victory.

Rampage

 

Verb

Rush around in a violent and uncontrollable manner.

(क्रोध में इधर उधर दौड़ना)

Rage, Go crazy, Tear, Run riot

Be calm

The angry crowd rampaged through the minister’s house.

Noun

A period of violent and uncontrollable behavior, typically involving a large group of people.

(हिंसात्मक व्यवहार)

Binge, Destruction, Disturbance, Frenzy

Calm, Peace, Harmony, Order, Happiness

The king was escorted to a safe place after the commoners begun with their rampage.

Propagate

Verb

Spread and promote widely

(प्रचार)

Circulate, Publicize, Transmit, Develop

Collect, Conceal, Gather, Hide

Every citizen of India has the right to propagate his/her own religion.

Provision

Noun

The action of providing or supplying something for use.

(प्रावधान)

Arrangement, Equipping, Plan, Outline

Removal, Taking

The bill has a provision of punishment for 3 years and a fine of upto Rs. 50,000 in case of violation of the law.

Jeopardy

Noun

Danger of loss, harm, or failure.

(ख़तरा)

Peril, Accident, Chance, Exposure, Hazard

Assurance, Safety, Certainty, Surety

Himanshu’s life was in jeopardy as he took loan from a drug dealer.

Fraudulent

Adjective

Obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception.

(धोखाधड़ी)

Counterfeit, Crooked, Sham, Deceitful, Fake

Frank, Genuine, Moral, Real, True

Shyam is involved in some fraudulent activities at work.

Plunge

Verb

Jump or dive quickly and energetically

(डुबकी)

Throw oneself, Dip, Dive, Drop

Ascend, Go up, Increase, Rise

He plunged into the pool to find the lost ring.

Medievalism

Noun

Devotion to the institutions, art and practices of the Middle ages

(मध्ययुगीन)

-

-

Emphasizing too much on Purdah system shows his propensity towards medievalism.

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?