The Hindu Vocabulary 28 December 2021

2021-12-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 December 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘More, and for more: On COVID-19 vaccines for children and boosters for the aged’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

Government has announced the approval of booster doses of Covid-19 vaccines.

Combat

Noun

A fight or contest

(लड़ाई)

Action, Conflict, Encounter, War

Agreement, Calm, Harmony, Peace

Indian Army has high combat experience.

Precaution

Noun

A measure taken in advance to avoid a bad situation.

(एहतियात)

Care, Caution, Protection, Palladium

Harm, Hurt, Carelessness, Negligence

One should take safety precautions while dealing with fire.

Frontline

Adjective

Involved in the forefront in any action.

(सीमावर्ती)

Arena, Battleground, Vanguard, Facade

Bottom, Foot, Rear, Lousy

All the frontline workers were given health insurance by the government.

Comorbid

Adjective

Existing simultaneously with another medical condition.

(सहरुग्णता)

-

-

The government has allowed the booster dose for patients above 60 years with comorbid conditions.

Emergence

Noun

An outgrowth or an act of becoming visible.

(उद्भव)

Disclosure, Publication, Arrival, Appearance

Decrease, Stoppage

The emergence of a new coronavirus variant has risen tensions among the governments.

Clamour

Noun

A large public outcry.

(कोलाहल)

Agitation, Buzz, Ferment, Noise

Calm, Peace, Silence, Order

There was a clamour against high inflation and rising prices.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He was tolerating stupidity despite his temper issues.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insult.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

There are very few people who stick to their words even in their own despite.

Impromptu

Adjective

Made without preparation.

(बिना पहले सोचे हुए)

Offhand, Spontaneous, Unscripted, Improv

Deliberate, Planned

His speech was impromptu.

Hierarchy

Noun

A system in which one person is ranked above other.

(पदानुक्रम)

Ranking, Position, Scale, Echelons

Random, Parallel, Same

New recruits were explained about the professional hierarchy in the induction program.

Waxed or Waned

Verb

Increase or Decrease

(बढ़ना और घटना)

-

-

The profit of the company waxed and waned over the years.

Consequence

Noun

The result of something that has occurred earlier.

(परिणाम)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Fallout, Reaction

Cause, Origin, Source, Beginning

I can’t foresee the positive consequences of your decision.

Nosedive

Noun

A sudden extreme drop.

(ग़ोता मारना)

Descent, Dive, Duck, Jump, Dip, Drop, Fall, Plunge

Ascent, Rise, Climb, Soar, Upturn, Upswing

The stock market on Thursday took a nosedive.

Mop-up

Noun

The act of completion of an operation.

To gather as if by absorbing.

(साफ करना)

Cleanup, Completion, Culmination, Capper

Beginning, Start, Nascency, Imperfection

Michael Phelps mopped up all the medals in the Olympics.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Easily hurt or harmed physically or mentally.

(जो सहज में घायल हो सके)

Accessible, Exposed, Liable, Sensitive

Insusceptible, Unexposed, Invulnerable, Safe

The major challenge is to provide for the weaker and vulnerable section of society.

Thrall

Noun

A person who is morally a slave of some power or influence.

(ग़ुलाम)

Servitude, Slavery, Chattel, Slave

Mastery, Free, Freeman

He is not your thrall.

 

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