The Hindu Vocabulary 29 December 2021

2021-12-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 December 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Tightening grip: On Hong Kong-China relations’.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tighten

Verb

To make tight.

(कस)

Narrow, Toughen, Stiffen, Clench

Untighten, Allow, Enlarge, Expand

He tightened his grip on the cricket bat.

Imbue

Verb

To impregnate or influence

(रंगना)

Inculcate, Ingrain, Endue, Infuse

Take out, Drain

Our leader is imbued with the teachings of Gandhi.

Defied

Verb

To resist boldly.

(चुनौती देना)

Confront, Elude, Flout, Oppose

Aid, Assist, Flatter, Help

He defied his parents and dropped out of college.

Crumble

Verb

To break into small pieces.

(टुकड़े टुकड़े करना)

Collapse, Crush, Break up, Decay

Build, Unite, Improve, Develop

The recipe required the crumbling of fenugreek leaves.

Enshrine

Verb

To preserve or cherish as sacred.

(प्रतिष्ठापित करना)

Cherish, Revere, Apotheosize, Bless, Preserve

Condemn, Defile, Desecrate, Abase

He has enshrined his thoughts in the form of a book.

Thrived

Verb

To grow or develop successfully.

(कामयाब होना)

Blossom, Boom, Flourish, Grow

Cease, Decrease, Halt, Lessen

The organization thrived in the segment they were working in.

Authoritarian

Adjective

Of or relating to a governmental system.

(सत्तावादी)

Autocratic, Dictatorial, Imperious, Strict

Democratic, Flexible, Lenient, Yielding

The previous coach ran the practice sessions like it’s boot camp.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Not done or experienced before.

(अभूतपूर्व)

Bizarre, Fantastic, New, Miraculous

Bad, Common, Customary, Familiar

The success that the team has achieved is unprecedented.

Commemoration

Noun

The act of celebration in memory of something or someone.

(स्मरणोत्सव)

Celebration, Ceremony, Remembrance, Tribute

Forgetting, Neglect, Negligence, Unobservance

Thousands of people attended the commemoration.

Cordoned

Verb

To surround or block.

(घेरा)

Block off, Sequester, Confine, Insulate

Combine, Desegregate, Free, Join

The army cordoned the premises.

Cited

Verb

To quote

(उद्धृत)

Adduce, Instance, Mention, Quote, Voiced

Ignore

The lawyers cited the rulings made in Nirbhaya case.

Ceasing

Verb

To stop

(बंद करना)

Close, Conclude, Determine, Discontinue

Continue, Persist, Beginning, Start

The company has decided to cease the out of state operations.

Overhaul

Verb

To restore to serviceable condition.

(जीर्णोद्धार करना)

Fix, Improve, Modernize, Rebuild

Break, Damage, Destroy, Hurt

The service centre overhauled the car’s seat.

Boycott

Verb

To abstain from dealing with.

To abstain from buying.

(बहिष्कार करना)

Avoid, Exclude, Refuse, Reject

Accept, Allow, Include, Sanction

Indian market benefitted by boycotting foreign goods.

Perception

Noun

Immediate recognition of something.

(अनुभूति)

Approach, Attitude, Awareness, Feeling, Insight

Concrete, Ignorance, Thing, Misconception

His perception of the whole situation was entirely false and based on rumors.

Mooted

Verb

To bring up for discussion.

(रखा)

Announce, Offer, Open, Propose

Conceal, Deny, Dissuade, Refuse

My wife needed a break and the idea of a foreign trip has been mooted.

Betting

Verb

To wager with someone or something.

(शर्त)

Chance, Odds, Risk, Speculation

Certainty

He was betting with his friend.

 

 

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