The Hindu Vocabulary 30 December 2021

2021-12-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 December 2021 is from the Editorial titled ‘Trade defence: On anti-dumping duty on Chinese goods.’

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reflexive

Adjective

Responsive.

(बीते हुए के सम्बन्ध में)

Compulsory, Forced, Uncontrolled, Spontaneous

Deliberate, Intended, Planned, Voluntary

His actions can be seen as reflexive in the current scenario.

Resort

Noun

Habitual or general going.

Use of appeal for aid.

(कहीं जाना

सहारा)

Chance, Course, Opportunity, Possibility, Rendezvous

Permanent

In case of theft, the first resort is to go to the police.

Skewing

Verb

To take an oblique course.

(तिरछी नज़र से देखना)

Crosswise, Oblique, Slanted, Beveled

Straight, Routine

The lawyer accused the government of skewing the facts in their favour.

Imposition

Noun

The laying of something as excessive or burden.

(आरोपण)

Artifice, Con, Hoax, Impost

Frankness, Honesty, Sincerity, Truthfulness

You can leave the responsibility on me, I don’t take it as an imposition.

Safeguard

Verb

To protect.

 ( सुरक्षित रखना)

Defend, Ensure, Conserve, Insure

Destroy, Endanger, Hurt

He has enshrined his thoughts in the form of a book.

Noun

Something that serves as a protection

(रक्षा)

Security, Shield, Aegis, Armour

Harm, Injury

The new law aims to safeguard the farmers' rights.

Remedy

Verb

To provide or serve as a cure.

(निदान)

Alleviate, Ameliorate, Amend, Mitigate

Aggravate, Harm, Worsen, Hurt

The government can never provide a remedy for everything.

Sanction

Verb

To give authoritative approval.

(संस्वीकृति)

Accredit, Approve, Authorize, Clear, Allow, Certify, Warrant, Permit

Disapprove, Disallow, Deny, Invalidate

The ministry has sanctioned the budget for the Highway.

Resilient

Adjective

Able to return to an original position or shape.

(लचीला)

Buoyant, Strong, Supple, Tough

Delicate, Weak, Hard, Inflexible

The material used in the pillow is resilient.

Downstream

Adjective

Of or relating to the latter part of a process.

(अनुप्रवाह)

Next, Ensuing, Following, Postliminary

Before, Earlier

The downstream products have high demand these days.

Levy

Verb

To impose

(उगाही)

Collect, Exact, Raise, Gather, Conscribe, Conscript, Draft

Abate, Diminish, Lessen, Forgive

They demanded the government to levy a heavy tax on tobacco manufacturers.

Noun

An imposing or collecting of tax by an authority

(आरोपित राशि)

Burden, duty, Fee, Tariff

-

The lawmakers approved a new tax levy on chocolate importers.

Headway

Noun

To move forward or progress.

(प्रगति)

Advancement, Advance, Increase, Passage

Recess, Regress, Decrease, Block

The headway of our fleet was slowed due to rain.

Outpace

Verb

To surpass or exceed.

(आगे बढ़ जाना)

Pass, Eclipse, Outshine, Beat, Dominate, Excel, Outclass, Outperform

Fail, Lose, Surrender

The startups have often surpassed the established companies in terms of growth rate.

Existential

Adjective

Relating to the existence.

(अस्तित्व)

Experiential, Empirical, Observational, Factual

Unobserved, Hypothetical, Conjectural, Nonempirical

In childhood, parents often tell children about fairy tales to cope with their existential anxiety.

Bolster

Verb

To support or give a boost to.

(गोल तकिया)

Bear, Brace, Support, Strengthen

Block, Decrease, Discourage, Hinder

My wife came with me to the police station to bolster my confidence.

 

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Which of the following is required under Article 108 of the Constitution of India to summon a joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament?