The Hindu Vocabulary 28 February 2022

2022-02-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 February 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The perfect storm: On Russia’s Ukraine gambit

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Gambit

Noun

An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.

(पहला क़दम)

 

Artifice, Design, Device, Jig, Maneuver, Play

Frankness, Honesty

The gambit of Russia in Ukraine has major repercussions on the world economy.

Unravel

Verb

Investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling).

(सुलझाना)

Solve, Disclose, Explain, Sort out

Question, Wonder

Enna was trying to unravel the cause of her parent’s death.

Undo

(खोल देना)

Untangle, Disentangle, Separate out, Unknot

Twist, Knot, Tie

My grandmother unraveled all the wollen threads entangled by me.

Advent

Noun

The arrival of a notable person or thing.

(आगमन)

Arrival, Coming, Onset, Appearance, Occurrence

Departure, Leaving, End

The advent of Europeans in India gave a new turn to Indian History. 

Spook

Verb

Frighten

(डरना)

Alarm, Terrify, Discomfort, Horrify, Panic

Calm, Delight, Comfort, Please

I was spooked by the sight of a snake in my room.

Noun

A ghost

(भूत)

-

-

The movie did not showcase any spook as was shown in the poster.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

There was a surge in prices of Brent crude oil amid the Ukraine crisis.

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The stock prices were expected to surge but due to the Russia-Ukraine crisis, the stock market has plunged.

Tumble

Verb

Fall suddenly clumsily or headlong.

(गिरना)

 

Drop, Descend, Dip, Slip, Skid

Ascend, Increase, Go up, Rise

Russia-Ukraine has tumbled the share prices of many Indian companies.

Perilously

Adverb

In a way that is full of danger or risk.

(खतरनाक स्थिति में)

Alarmingly, Critically, Desperately, Recklessly, Seriously

Lightly, Trivially, Carefully, Safely

The government carried out the special military operation in the neighbouring country perilously.

Mayhem

Noun

violent or extreme disorder; chaos.

(खलबली)

Chaos, Disorder, Confusion, Havoc, Bedlam, Tumult

Calm, Settled, Undisputed, Tranquil, Stable, Pacified

There is complete mayhem in the capital of Ukraine.

Tumultuous

Adjective

Marked by disturbance and uproar

(अंशातिप्रिय)

Loud, Thunderous, Fierce, Turbulent, Vociferous

Calm, Gentle, Moderate, Peaceful

There is a tumultuous situation in the country as the rebel group is protesting against the government.

Flare

Noun

A sudden brief burst of bright flame or light.

(चमक)

Flash, Dazzle, Glare, Glimmer, Gleam

-

The flare of the candle lit up her face.

Verb

Burn with a sudden intensity

(अचानक तीव्रता से जलना)

 

Blaze, Break out, Burn, Explode, Flicker

-

The forest fire has flared up and is capable of creating havoc.

Throttle

Verb

Choke

(दबाना)

Burke, Control, Silence, Inhibit

Encourage, Help, Release, Free

Solid waste like plastic bags has throttled the drainage pipe.

Pare

Verb

Trim (something) by cutting away its outer edges.

(छाँटना)

 

Cut off, Markdown, Slash, Reduce, Scrape off

Expand, Grow, Increase, Raise

Russia is trying to pare Ukraine from its neighbouring countries.

Condemn

Verb

Blame

(निंदा करना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticise

Approve, Laud, Endorse, Praise

Many governments around the world have condemned Russia’s attack on Ukraine.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

Australia has also imposed sanctions on Russia.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The government sanctioned additional grants for the new tribal project.

Ramification

Noun

A consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome.

(परिणाम)

Complication, Consequence, Upshot, Subdivision, Bifurcation

Cause, Origin, Juncture, Union, Source

Non-compliance with the rules will attract legal ramifications.

Explicitly

Adverb

In a clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

(स्पष्ट रूप से)

Absolutely, Clearly, Decidely, Doubtless, Easily

Doubtfully, Questionably, Dubiously, Uncertain

He laid down the rules of the game explicitly.

Jeopardise

Verb

To do something that may damage something or put it at risk

(ख़तरे में डालना)

 

Endanger, Imperil, Risk, Stake, Threaten

Guard, Protect, Save, Plan

Russia’s aggression has jeopardised the world order.

Hinge

Verb

Be contingent on

(टिका)

Depend, Revolve around, Rest

-

The future of the world order hinges on the strengthening of the United Nations. 

Noun

Turning point

 

Pivot, Juncture, Turn

-

The current event can be called a hinge of world history.

Assertion

Noun

a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.

(अभिकथन)

Declaration, Contention, Claim, Statement, Submission, Postulation

-

His assertion for the post of Vice-President was not accepted by the Board of Directors.

Pre-emptive

Adjective

Preventive

(रिक्तिपूर्व)

Deterrent, Defensive, Precautionary, Averting, Discouraging

 

Ukrainian troops took preemptive measures by attacking the Russian forces.

Stoke

Verb

To increase to a higher level.

To supply with fuel.

(ईधन झोंकना)

Feed, Stir, Tend, Accelerate, Amplify, Raise

Abate, Decrease, Lessen, Minify

The launch of a new product has helped us to stoke the sales.

Fragile

Adjective

Breakable

(नाजुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Weak, Brittle

Firm, Strong, Unbreakable, Tough, Durable

The current situation may further harm India’s fragile economic recovery.

Stance

Noun

A mental position towards something or someone.

(उदेश्य)

Attitude, Posture, Viewpoint, Poise

-

He has not made his stance clear regarding contesting the election.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The government needs to revamp fiscal policy.

Churn

Verb

Mix up

(मथना)

Swirl, Simmer, Agitate, Jolt

Freeze

The selection committee has churned the profile of many applicants to prepare the final list.  

 

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