The Hindu Vocabulary 1 March 2022

2022-03-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A testing vote: On India’s UNSC stand on Ukraine.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

Ten members abstained from voting.

Stance

Noun

A mental position towards something or someone.

The position of the body while standing.

(उदेश्य/ आसन)

Attitude, Posture, Viewpoint, Poise

-

India is not taking a clear stance on the ongoing crisis.

 

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

The reality seems to be conflicting with the media reports these days.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict going on in Europe is not gonna end soon.

Thwarted

Verb

To oppose successfully.

(बिगाड़ना)

Circumvent, Curb, Defeat, Frustrate

Abet, Aid, Assist, Encourage

She did everything to thwart her marriage.

Noun

A seat across a boat.

(एक संरचनात्मक क्रॉसपीस कभी-कभी एक नाव में रोवर के लिए सीट बनाती है।)

-

-

We sat on the thwart on the boat.

Adjective

Situated across something else.

(आड़ा)

-

-

It was a thwart piece of wire in my machine.

Preposition

 

From one side to another across an area.

(एक तरफ से दूसरे क्षेत्र में)

-

-

The liquid that was in the bottle spread thwart the floor.

Condemn

Verb

Blame

(निंदा करना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticise

Approve, Laud, Endorse, Praise

The chief executive officer condemned the transgressions of the competitor’s ship.

Aggression

Noun

Any offensive action.

A forceful action that intends to dominate.

(आक्रामकता)

Bellicosity, Defiance, Pugnacity, Assault, Invasion, Offensive, Hostility

Calmness, Quiet

Your aggression is going to make the coach unhappy.

Predetermine

Verb

To decide in advance.

(पहले से फ़ैसला करना)

Predispose, Doom, Determine, Predestine

-

You should not have been predetermined before hearing the pitch.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance between two or more persons or groups.

(गठबंधन)

Affiliation, Alliance, Amalgam, Bloc, Conjunction, Faction, Fusion, Integration

Detachment, Disconnection, Disunion, Division

The coalition between both the national parties is going to give a strong fight against the ruling party.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

The sanctions are going to cause an economic debacle in the country.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Your leaves are sanctioned by the CEO.

Intrusive

Adjective

Causing disruption through being unwelcome.

 

Characterised through intrusion.

Projecting inward.

(दखल)

Invasive, Nosy, Meddlesome, Forward

Unobtrusive

I don’t enjoy the company of loud and intrusive people.

Hesitation

Noun

An act of uncertainty or fear in mind.

(संकोच)

Doubt, Equivocation, Indecision, Mistrust

Belief, Certainty, Confidence, Confidence

His hesitation to speak in public took his career backward.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle.

(बीच में)

 

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

The report came amidst the elections.

Peril

 

Noun

Something that may be harmful or cause injury or damage.

(जोखिम)

Hazard, Menace, Pitfall, Threat

Certainty, Protection, Security

We faced the perils of landslides while we went to trekking.

Verb

To risk or to expose to danger.

(जोखिम उठाना या खतरे में डालना।)

Adventure, Compromise, Menace, Risk

Certainty, Protection, Security

Rashmi periled me into the party where drugs were served.

Prolong

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

Pandemic has caused me to stay for a prolonged duration in a foreign country.

Ambivalence

Noun

The state of having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.

(दुविधा)

Doubt, Hesitancy, Indecision, Uncertainty

Certainty, Sureness, Decisiveness

You should not take any decision while in ambivalence.

Transgression

Noun

An act of violating a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Offense, Crime, Sin, Wrong, Breach, Crime, Error, Fault

Obedience, Perfection, Submission, Goodness, Virtue, Behaviour, Kindness, Noncrime

All your transgressions will come into the public eye and then prison will be your new home.

Cripple

Verb

Cause severe and disabling damage to; deprive of the ability to function normally.

(विकलांग बनाना)

Debilitate, Hamstring, Hurt, Immobilize, Incapacitate, Damage, Destroy, Impair, Halt

Construct, Repair, Construct, Create, Aid, Assist, Cure, Mobilize

The attack on the airforce bases and army bases has literally crippled the armed forces.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव,)

 

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

 

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

The resolution regarding the Russia’s attack on Ukraine has to be put on vote this week in UN General Assembly.

Authorization

Noun

Permission

(प्राधिकार)

Approval, Authority, Endorsement, Signature

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

Entrance to this building requires authorization from the higher officials.

Veto

Noun

 

(अस्‍वीकृति)

Ban, Embargo, Interdict, Prohibition

Prescription

The five permanent members of UN Security Council has a veto power.

Verb

To refuse to give official permission for an action or plan, when other people have agreed to it.

(अस्‍वीकृत कर देना)

Forbid, Prohibit, Negative, Deny, Refuse

Confirm, Ratify, Assent, Allow

The President vetoed the resolution passed against the bill assented by him.

 

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Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T