The Hindu Vocabulary 2 March 2022

2022-03-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Kicked out: On suspension of the Russian sports team.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Kick Out

Phrasal Verb

To dismiss forcefully.

(बाहर निकाल देना)

Ax, Bounce, Chase, Discharge

Allow, Hold, Keep

Steve Jobs was once kicked out of his own company.

Suspension

Noun

Temporary removal of someone from office or privileges.

Temporary withholding of some law.

(निलंबन)

Break, Freeze, Halt, Interruption

Beginning, Continuation, Introduction, Start

The suspension of the police officer may be reversed.

Eject

Verb

To drive or force out.

To throw out from within.

(निकालना)

Banish, Bounce, Discharge, Dismiss

Accept, Admit, Allow, Employ

The accident happened suddenly and the pilot could not even eject himself.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The painting in your room has backdropped for your video recording.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The laws passed last year were a backdrop for the comprehensive law that has now been passed.

Contest

Noun

A struggle for victory.

A competition in which each participant takes part in order to win.

(प्रतियोगिता)

Action, Battle, Brawl, Conflict, Debate, Rivalry, Challenge, Game

Agreement, Peace, Truce, Accord, Quiet, Calm

FIFA has organized a football contest.

Verb

To struggle as in battle.

To compete.

(प्रतियोगिता में भाग लेना)

Litigate, Oppose, Blast, Debate, Compete, Defend

Abandon, Desert, Leave, Agree

We all contested for the post of the class monitor.

Doping

Noun

An act of use of a substance to improve the performance of a person, especially an athlete.

(किसी व्यक्ति विशेष रूप से एक एथलीट के प्रदर्शन को बेहतर बनाने के लिए किसी पदार्थ के उपयोग की क्रिया।)

Adulterate, Anesthetize, Deaden, Debase

Clean, Purify

Many athletes were charged with doping.

Scandal

Noun

A circumstance or action that disgraces the people or things associated with it.

Loss of reputation caused by violation of morality or propriety.

(कलंक)

Crime, Rumo, Wrongdoing, Aspersion

Approval, Commendation, Compliment

A new scandal related to the mayor and contractor’s ties broke out.

Verb

To defame.

(बदनाम करना)

-

-

They scandaled me by spreading rumors.

Integrity

 

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

The integrity of a person cannot be regained after it is lost.

 

The state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

(अखंडता)

Unity, Wholeness, Coherence, Solidarity, Coalition

Disunity, Incompleteness

A political leader should work in order to maintain the integrity of the country. 

Federation

Noun

A political or social entity formed by uniting several small or local bodies.

(महासंघ)

Association, Crew, League, Union

Division, Separation, Disunion

A federation of women for human rights is going to be established.

Resurrect

Verb

To bring into life again.

To bring back into use.

(मरे हुए को जीवित करना)

Energize, Recover, Rekindle, Renovate

Destroy, Kill, Ruin, Agitate

There was a movie in which the dead actress was resurrected.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

More and more sanctions are on the way to Russia.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Give me one reason to sanction your leave.

Machination

Noun

A clever or intriguing plot.

A scheme intended to accomplish something evil.

(चालबाज़ी)

Conspiracy, Design, Plot, Scheme

Frankness, Honesty, Ignorance

There were complicated machinations intended to defeat the ruling party.

Militate

Verb

To fight.

To have a substantial effect on somebody or something.

(युद्ध में भाग लेना/ किसी पर या किसी चीज पर पर्याप्त प्रभाव होना।)

Mean, Weigh, Count, Register, Count, Import

Ignore, Figure, Estimate, Guess, Misunderstand, Exonerate, Neglect

Russian troops are there to militate against anyone who comes in their way.

Truce

Noun

A suspension of hostilities by mutual agreement of the parties involved.

A temporary respite.

(युद्धविराम संधि)

Accord, Amnesty, Lull, Peace

Continuation, War, Disagreement, Persistence

There was an uneasy truce between the two sides after fighting.

Verb

To make a peace treaty.

(शांति संधि करना)

-

-

We truced after a battle of 10 years.

Entangle

Verb

To involve in a troublesome situation.

(उलझाना)

Complicate, Confuse, Embroil, Ensnare, Implicate, Perplex, Snare, Unsettle

Clarify, Disentangtle, Enlighten, Exclude

I was entangled in the lawsuit.

 

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