The Hindu Vocabulary 3 March 2022

2022-03-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A cautionary tale: On warning of the IPCC report.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Cautionary

Adjective

Of the nature of containing a warning.

(चेतावनी देनेवाला)

Admonishing, Advisory, Cautioning, Admonitory

-

He gave us cautionary advice against going to Jungle.

Heed

Noun

Careful attention.

(सावधानी)

Application, Attention, Caution, Concentration

Disdain, Disinterest, Disregard, Disrespect

He did not pay heed to what was happening around him.

 

Verb

To give careful attention to something.

(चौकसी रखना/ ध्यान लगाना)

Hear, Listen, Obey, Observe

Ignore, Disregard, Neglect, Forget

He did not heed the warning of staying at home during a pandemic.

Adaptation

Noun

The act or process of adjusting according to the environment or situation.

(अनुकूलन)

Acclimation, Accommodation, Adaption, Adjustment, Compliance, Adjustment

Disagreement

The adaptation of his novel into a movie was amazing.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle.

(बीच में)

 

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

Indian students stand at the Poland border amidst the war.

Turmoil

Noun

A state of extreme confusion, disturbance and commotion.

(उथल - पुथल)

Anxiety, Confusion, Riot, Strife, Trouble, Unrest

Calm, Composure, Agreement, Contentment

Ukraine is in turmoil for the past few months.

Consortium

Noun

Any association or union.

An agreement formed to carry into effect some financial operation requiring resources more than that of a single member.

(संघ)

Association, Board, Council, League

Division, Detachment, Parting, Separation

An Indian consortium is planning to invest in Solar Energy.

Impact

Verb

To have a significant or major effect.

(प्रभाव)

Move, Reach, Impress, Affect

Useless, Unimpressive

This new technology is going to impact millions of humans.

Noun

To come in forceful contact with other objects.

(किसी अन्य वस्तु के बलपूर्वक संपर्क में आना।)

Brunt, Shock, Bang, Blow

Calm

The impact was of very high intensity.

Dire

 

Adjective

Causing great fear or suffering.

(भयानक)

Baleful, Doomy, Foreboding, Menacing, Drastic, Acute, Critical, Desperate, Alarming, Awful, Calamitous, Depressing, Disastrous

Beautiful, Blessed, Bright, Cheerful, Calm, Mild, Good, Unimportant

The monkey hit by the car was in dire suffering.

Irreversible

Adjective

Incapable of being changed.

(स्थिर)

Inevitable, Permanent, Certain, Constant

Reversible, Correctable, Fixable, Remediable

The changes that were done by the MySQL query are irreversible.

Adapt

Verb

To make suitable to conditions.

To adjust according to the situations.

(मरे हुए को जीवित करना)

Acclimate, Adjust, Conform, Fit

Neglect, Disarrange, Refuse, Reject

It took a while to adapt to the city’s culture.

Allude

Verb

To refer indirectly.

(प्रतिबंध)

Hint, Imply, Indicate, Infer, Insinuate

Direct Reference, Advert, Refer, Indicate, Imply

She often alluded to her hardships in her conversations.

Emissions

Noun

An act of issuing or putting into circulation.

Something that is discharged by something or some process.

(उत्सर्जन/ फैलाव)

Discharge, Radiation, Ejaculation, Ejection

Concealment, Refrain, Containment

The emissions from the factory are harmful to the nearby population.

Breach

Noun

Violation of law.

(उल्लंघन)

Crack, Rift, Rupture, Aperture

Noninfringement, Observance, Agreement

This has been a major breach of security.

Verb

To break contrary to law or promise.

(उल्लंघन करना)

Break, Contravene, Fracture, Offend, Violate

Comply, Conform, Follow, Mind, Obey, Observe

If you want our association to continue for a long duration, then laws should not be breached.

Emphasis

Noun

Force or intensity of expression that gives importance to something.

Special consideration of something.

(प्रमुखता)

Accent, Stress, Underscoring, Weight, Attention, Insistence, Intensity, Priority

Ignorance, Lethargy, Incompetence, Triviality

Our school gives emphasis on smart learning.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially.

To quote with proof.

To refer to.

(उद्धृत करना/ अदालत में तलब करना)

Indicate, Mention, Name, Present, Call, Name, Order, Instance

Conceal, Take, Withhold, Deny, Ignore

We cited many credible sources in our project report.

Partisan

Noun

A supporter of a person, cause or a group

(पक्षपाती)

Backer, Defender, Zealot, Follower

Adversary, Antagonist, Opponent

Some political partisans want to see only one aspect of the situation.

Adjective

Prejudiced or blind adherence in favour of something.

(पक्षपातपूर्ण)

Biased, Partial, Prejudiced

Disinterested, Equal, Equitable, Objective

The country gets damaged due to partisan politics.

Vulnerable

Verb

Susceptible to physical or emotional attack.

Open to attack or damage.

(जो सहज में घायल हो सके)

Endangered, Exposed, Liable, Open, Accessible, Defenseless

Insusceptible, Invulnerable, Unexposed, Unsusceptible, Guarded, Protected

She was very vulnerable after her divorce.

Productivity

Noun

The quality of being able to generate goods and services.

(उत्पादकता)

Capacity, Fertility, Production, Yield

Idleness, Unproductivity

The agricultural productivity of the country has declined.

 

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Question Of The Day

Identify the segment in the sentence which contains the grammatical error.

The physical plant consisted of a leased, three-story wooden building, located in the foot of East 120th Street.