The Hindu Vocabulary 4 March 2022

2022-03-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Lines and roles: On Governors.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Clarify

Verb

To make understandable.

To free of confusion.

(साफ़ करना)

Analyze, Define, Illuminate, Formulate, Clean, Rarefy, Cleanse, Distill

Complicate, Confuse, Obscure, Question, Dirty, Soil, Pollute

India will soon be required to clarify their position on the Russia Ukraine war.

Confrontation

Noun

A face-to-face meeting.

The clashing of forces or ideas.

(आमना-सामना)

Battle, Contest, Crisis, Meeting, Dispute, Combat, Conflict, War

Agreement, Calm, Peace

The confrontation between the victim and the accused took place in the courthouse.

Infrequent

Adjective

Not regular.

Happening at long intervals rarely.

(गिना-चुना)

Meager, Occasional, Odd, Rare

Common, Regular, Constant, Frequent

I am not happy with your infrequent visits.

Avert

Verb

To turn aside.

(टालना)

Avoid, Deter, Foil, Halt

Aid, Assist, Help, Allow

We have just averted a huge disaster.

Pursue

Verb

To chase after something.

To continue.

(अनुसरण/ पीछा करना)

Seek, Accompany, Attend, Persist

Help, Ignore, Leave, Neglect

Rahul pursued his childhood interest of becoming a singer.

Attribute

Noun

A quality or characteristic of someone or something.

(गुण)

Aspect, Characteristic, Facet, Peculiarity

-

My son has leadership attributes.

Verb

To explain something by indicating a cause.

To consider as a quality of a person.

(आरोपित करना)

Apply, Associate, Blame, Connect

Disconnect

These failures will be attributed to Kunal’s mistakes.

Discretionary

Adjective

Left to individual judgment.

Subject to one’s own decision.

(विवेकाधीन)

Unrestricted, Leftover, Elective, Optional

Compulsory, Mandatory, Obligatory, Nondiscretionary

It was his discretionary income.

Be on Tenterhooks

Phrase

To be very nervous and excited about what is going to happen.

(क्या होने जा रहा है इसके बारे में बहुत बेचैन और उत्साहित होना।)

-

-

The wait for the result to open kept us on tenterhooks.

Illustrative

Adjective

Serving to illustrate or example.

(उदाहरण या दृष्‍टांत के रूप में)

Elucidative, Explanative, Explicative, Expositive

Atypical, Confusing, Involved, Complicated

The teacher provided so many illustrative examples.

Clemency

Noun

An act showing mercy.

The quality of showing forgiveness in judging or punishing.

(क्षमा)

Compassion, Indulgence, Leniency, Mercy

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness

The clemency shown by the president shows his humanitarian side.

Assent

Noun

An act of agreeing to something.

(अनुमति)

Acknowledgment, Concurrence, Consent, Acceptance

Disagreement, Denial, Refusal, Dissension

The VCs gave assent to our proposal.

Verb

To agree.

To approve something.

(अनुमति देना)

Accede, Subscribe, Accept, Accord

Argue, Decline, Deny, Differ

I would like to assent to her statement.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The wars happening anywhere in the world are the instances of the failure of the United Nations.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

For instance, the current war is modern-day warfare.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Conflicts can be resolved through talks only.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict between ours and rival company has ended.

Lynchpin

Noun

A person or thing important to an organization.

A pin passed through the end of an axle to keep the wheel in position.

(किसी संगठन के लिए महत्वपूर्ण व्यक्ति या वस्तु।/ पहिया को स्थिति में रखने के लिए एक पिन|)

-

-

Doctors are the lynchpin of the National healthcare services.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The Putin regime is going to face strong criticism at the United Nations.

Persist

Verb

To continue firmly in some course of action in spite of opposition.

To last tenaciously.

(दृढ़ रहना)

Continue, Endure, Linger, Persevere

Cease, Discontinue, Halt, Leave

You need to persist for a long time to take your startup to next level.

Partisan

Noun

A supporter of a person, cause or a group

(पक्षपाती)

Backer, Defender, Zealot, Follower

Adversary, Antagonist, Opponent

Many media partisans are favouring and many are opposing the government.

Adjective

Prejudiced or blind adherence in favour of something.

(पक्षपातपूर्ण)

Biased, Partial, Prejudiced

Disinterested, Equal, Equitable, Objective

A partisan approach to a case will be an injustice to the victim.

Amend

Verb

To alter or modify.

To grow or become better.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Enhance, Upgrade

Worsen, Lower, Break, Decrease

The anti-ragging manual needs to be amended.

Assurance

 

Noun

 

Statement to relieve doubt

(आश्वासन)

Affirmation, Assertion, Guarantee, Pledge, Word

Denial, Breach of promise

Villagers need assurance that a handpump will be installed after elections.

Confidence or certainty in one’s own abilities

(विश्वास) 

Self-confidence, Positiveness, Self-reliance, Courage

Uncertainty, Caution, Cowardice, Disbelief, Weakness

Rajshekhar acted with assurance and speed.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

You cannot feel the burdens of leadership until you become a leader.

Verb

To load heavily.

(बोझ लादना)

Encumber, Freight, Lade, Load, Saddle, Afflict, Depress, Oppress

Disburden, Discharge, Unburden, Unlade, Unload, Aid, Allow, Cheer

He burdened us with a lot of homework.

 

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