The Hindu Vocabulary 29 October 2020

2020-10-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘The shade of grey: On FATF's mandated tasks’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Mandated

 

Verb

give (someone) authority to act in a certain way.

(आज्ञापत्र दिया)

Assigned, Authorized, Charged, Ordered

Negligent, Lax, Heedless, Incurious, Regardless

We were asked to present the list of mandated territories.

Watchdog

Noun

a person or group that monitors the practices of companies providing a particular service or utility.

(प्रहरी)

Observer, Inspector, Monitor, Scrutineer, Protector

-

I need to hire a watchdog for my investments.

Jurisdiction

Noun

the official power to make legal decisions and judgements.

(अधिकार - क्षेत्र)

Authority, Control, Dominion, Power, Rule, Administration

Incapacity, Inability, Submission, Surrender, Powerlessness

The court has no jurisdiction over the political criminals.

Stricture

Noun

a restriction on a person or activity.

(निंदा)

Constraint, Restriction, Limitation, Control, Restraint

Freedom, Liberty, Privilege, Independence, Autonomy

There were strictures laid on the trade of goods with China.

Plenary

Noun

a meeting or session attended by all participants at a conference or assembly.

(एक बैठक या सत्र में सभी प्रतिभागियों ने एक सम्मेलन या असेंबली में भाग लिया)

Meeting, Assemble, Gathering, Convention

Division, Separation, Disagreement, Divide

We were all waiting for the plenary to share our opinions.

Backer

Noun

a person, institution, or country that supports someone or something, especially financially.

(रक्षक)

Sponsor, Investor, Promoter, Supporter

Opponent, Enemy, Opposition, Antagonist

I have my father as my backer.

Fugitive

Adjective

quick to disappear; fleeting.

(क्षणभंगुर)

Transient, Fleeting, Transitory, Ephemeral, Fading

Long-lasting, Permanent, Enduring, Lasting, Perpetual

The fugitive diplomat traded illegal items.

Conviction

Noun

a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

(दोषसिद्धि)

Sentence, Judgement, Verdict, Decision, Ruling

Distrust, Doubt, Overturning, Relieving

The conviction given by the court has to be accepted by any means.

Downgrade

Verb

reduce to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.

(अवनति)

Demote, Lower, Relegate, Bust, Disparage, Denigrate

Upgrade, Promote, Praise, talk up

I have experienced that the coach’s instructions are rather degrading my performance.

Amenable

Adjective

open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.

(जिम्मेदार)

Compliant, Manageable, Controllable, Helpful

Uncooperative, Awkward, Unhelpful, Unamenable

None of the parties seemed to be amenable.

Dismantle

Verb

take to pieces.

(खण्ड करना)

Pull apart, take apart, Disassemble, Deconstruct

Assemble, build, Construct, Set, Settle

I asked my brother to dismantle the table and re-fix the stand.

Prolonged

Adjective

continuing for a long time or longer than usual.

(लंबा)

Long, Lasting, Stretched, Lengthy

Short, Terse, Precise, Concise

The impact of the virus will be prolonged.

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Question Of The Day

If x and y are two missing digits of the numbers x304 and y5317 such that the numbers are divisible by 17 and 29 respectively then find the value of x + y.