The Hindu Vocabulary 30 October 2020

2020-10-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Dead letter: On Chile referendum’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Referendum

Noun

a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

(जनमत संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Mandate, Poll

-

The referendum was later nullified.

Charter

Noun

a written grant by the sovereign or legislative power of a country.

(विशेषाधिकार)

Permit, Grant, Privilege, Right, Settlement

Prohibition, loss, Disagreement, Discord

The police officers were waiting for the charter by the minister.

Hurdle

Noun

a problem or difficulty that must be overcome.

(बाधा)

Difficulty, Hindrance, Bar, Obstruction, Wall

Aid, Advantage, Assistance, Ease, Help

In life we all face many hurdles but we should not give up.

Fraudulent

Adjective

obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception.

(धोखाधड़ी)

Deceitful, Forged, Devious, Tricky, Spurious

Frank, moral, Ethical, Trustworthy, Valid, Authentic, Truthful

The deal signed with the corporation came out to be fraudulent.

 

Plebiscite

Noun

the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.

(जनमत-संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Poll, Ticket, Referendum

-

Nobody acknowledged the plebiscite as it was fraudulent.

Enshrined

Verb

preserve (a right, tradition, or idea) in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected.

(प्रतिष्ठापित)

Revere, Preserve, Treasure, Dedicate, Cherish

Condemn, Desecrate, Defile, Disrespect

The rights in the constitution should always be enshrined.

Minuscule

Adjective

extremely small; tiny.

(अत्यंत छोटा)

Small, Tiny, Insignificant, Minute, Unimportant

Significant, Enormous, Huge, Important

The squirrel was sitting in the corner having miniscule bites of the cookie.

Snowball

Verb

increase rapidly in size, intensity, or importance.

(आकार, तीव्रता या महत्व में तेजी से वृद्धि)

Escalate, Augment, Intensify, Multiply, Swell, Widen, Advance

Decrease, Lessen, Lower, Weaken, Diminish

Amid the pandemic, the prices of anything and everything have snowballed.

Indigenous

Adjective

originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

(स्वदेशी)

Domestic, Endemic, Aboriginal, Primitive, Native, Local

Alien, foreign, Strange, Unknown

I have decided to stick to indigenous goods.

Overhaul

Verb

take apart (a piece of machinery or equipment) in order to examine it and repair it if necessary.

(कायापलट)

Improve, Fix, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct, Revamp

Break, Damage, Destroy, Injure, Ignore, Neglect

My old bike needs to be overhauled.

Faction

Noun

a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.

(गुट)

Gang, Clan, Junta, Party, Section, Sect, Side, Part, Wing

Individual, Alone, Whole, Entirety

The other faction of the party did not abide by the rules.

Unleash

Verb

cause (a strong or violent force) to be released or become unrestrained.

(खोल देना)

Free, Discharge, Release, Vent

Hold, Keep, Restrain, Restrict

My pet dog unleashed the string and ran onto the road.

Elite

Noun

a select group that is superior in terms of ability or qualities to the rest of a group or society.

(समाज का उत्कृष्ट भाग)

Exclusive, Noble, Super, Top, Greatest, Selected

Bad, Poor, Inferior, Common, Lower, Ordinary

Rajeev is a snob and prefers company of elites.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 30 October 2020

 

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Choose the number which is related in the same way as the numbers in the first pair from the given choices.

13 : 19 :: 41 : ?