The Hindu Vocabulary 31 October 2020

2020-10-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Real estate: On changes to J&K land laws’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Erstwhile

Adjective

former.

(भूतपूर्व)

Past, Former, Old, Bygone, Previous, Preceding

Ahead, Later, Onward, Succeeding

I consulted the erstwhile Chairman of the committee.

Nullify

 

Verb

make legally null and void; invalidate.

(अमान्य ठहराना)

Abolish, Abrogate, Restrict, Annul, Undo

Allow, Approve, Permit, Legalize, Sanction, Ratify

The minister nullified the scheme approved earlier.

Hampered

Adjective

Obstructed, retarded.

(बाधा डालना)

Blocked, Curbed, Clogged, Bind, inhibited

Aid, Advance, Assist, Benefit, Further

COVID has hampered the overall growth of an economy.

Irony

Noun

the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

(व्यंग्य)

Humor, Paradox, Satire, Twist, Banter, Criticism

Seriousness, Approval, Flattery, Praise, Respect

The irony is that we all want clean environment but do not wish to change our habits.

Integrated

Adjective

with various parts or aspects linked or coordinated.

(संघटित)

Unified, Combined, Mingled, Intertwined, Mixed

Bifurcated, Divided, Unorganised, Unsettled

It was suggested to install an integrated plan to boost the growth.

Ethnicity

Noun

the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.

(जातीयता)

Nationality, Identity, Origin, Race, Background

-

The ethnicity of the folk groups was valid and not questionable.

Accentuate

Verb

make more noticeable or prominent.

(बल देना)

Emphasize, Highlight, Point up, Feature, Spotlight

Divert, Ignore, Avoid, Neglect

The news article accentuated the ill-treatment given to the poor and marginalized.

Precarious

Adjective

Insecure, uncertain.

(अनिश्चित)

Dangerous, Delicate, Dicey, Perilous, Risky

Certain, Definite, Healthy, Protected, Guarded

The election ballot process might turn out to be precarious.

Volatility

Noun

liability to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.

(अस्थिरता)

Fluctuation, Uncertainty, Vulnerability, Changeability, Fickleness

Calm, Constant, Certainty, Steadfastness

The volatility of the temperature bothered us all.

Buttressed

Verb

increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.

(शक्ति बढ़ाना)

Add to, Bolster, Build up, Emphasize, Underline

Decrease, Lessen, Discourage, Let down, Hinder

The announcement by the major buttressed courage amongst all the army men.

Robust

Adjective

Strong.

(मजबूत)

Potent, Powerful, Sturdy, Tough

Fragile, Incapable, Impotent, Weak, Wobbly

The table seems to be robust.

 

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Question Of The Day

Choose the number which is related in the same way as the numbers in the first pair from the given choices.

13 : 19 :: 41 : ?