The Hindu Vocabulary 3 November 2020

2020-11-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 November 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘Signs of easing: On India’s COVID-19 fight’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Complacency

Noun

a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.

(आत्‍मसंतोष)

Self-satisfaction, Smugness, Self-approval, Self-approbation, Contentment

Dissatisfaction, Displeased, Insatiable, Dejected

Our decision this time will bring complacency for sure.

Novel

Adjective

new and different

(नया और भिन्‍न)

Unique, Unfamiliar, Contemporary, Latest, Unusual

Common, Familiar, antiquated, Regular, Similar

I was taken aback with the effect of novel attempt at the designing.

Appreciable

Adjective

large enough to be noticed or thought important

(इतना बड़ा कि सहज में ही दिखाई पड़े या महत्वपूर्ण लगे; पर्याप्त)

Marked, Noticeable, observable, Praiseworthy, Obvious

Ambiguous, Indistinct, Insignificant, Unimportant, Vague

My attempt at bringing the teams together was appreciable.

Brunt

Noun

Shock or injury.

(आघात)

Burden, Shock, Strain, Stress, Tension, Thrust

Ease, Peace, Relaxation, Settled

We are all bearing the brunt of COVID throughout this year.

Pile

Noun

a lot of something

(बड़ी मात्रा या राशि)

Accumulation, Mass, Chunk, Hunk, barrel, Stack

Lack, Less, Poverty, Some, Insignificant

The pile of books at the corner bothered me a lot.

Diligently

Adverb

in a way that shows care and conscientiousness in one's work or duties.

(परिश्रमपूर्वक)

Ardently, Assiduously, Carefully, Eagerly, Earnestly, Briskly

Idly, inactively, Quietly

No one bothered to work diligently and finish it as soon as possible.

Sentinel

Noun

an indicator of the presence of disease.

(सूचक)

Guard, Look out, Keeper, Protector, Watchperson

Ignorant, Naïve, Oblivious, Uninformed, Green

WHO shared a sentinel of the virus two weeks earlier.

Complacent

Adjective

showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.

(अपनी उन्‍नति से अति-संतुष्‍ट व निश्चिंत)

Smug, Satisfied, Satiable, Satiated, Self-sufficient

Humble, Dissatisfied, Insatiable

Shivansh is a complacent man.

Blip

Noun

a small problem that does not last for long.

(अस्‍थायी समस्‍या)

Glitch, Bug, Defect, Hitch, Malfunction, Fault, Snag

Advantage, Perfection, Strength, Power

We should not worry about the shortage of funds. It is just a blip.

Surge

Noun

a sudden strong feeling or rise.

(आकस्मिक भावावेश)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Rise, Swell

Decrease, Decline, Control, Limited

There was an acute surge in the number of positive cases yesterday.

Partake

Verb

to join in some activity.

(किसी गतिविधि में भाग लेना, शामिल होना, भागीदार होना)

Consume, Participate, Engage, Savor, Ingest

Abstain, Avoid, Neglect, Ignore, Refuse

They thought of partaking in the ongoing election campaign.

Spur

Verb

to encourage somebody or make him/her work harder or faster.

(अधिक मेहनत या तेज़ी से काम करने के लिए (किसी को) प्रेरित या बाध्य करना)

Arouse, Instigate, Stir, Drive, Trigger, Stimulate

Calm, Check, Settle, Halt, Stop

The negative effects spurred negative thoughts in everyone’s mind.

Strain

Noun

pressure that is put on something when it is pulled or pushed by a physical force

(किसी भौतिक शक्ति द्वारा खींचे या धकेले जाने से किसी पर पड़ा) दबाव

Constrict, Constraint, Press, Impel, Insist, Compel

Pull, Dissuade, Repress, Slow, Retard

The economic strain has brought the country amid an intense recession.

Efficacy

Noun

the ability of something like a drug or a medical treatment to bring about the results that are wanted.

(प्रभावकारिता)

Adequacy, Competence, Effectiveness, Ability, Capability

Failure, Inadequacy, Inefficiency, Lethargy, Unproductiveness

Unusual breaks will hamper the efficacy of the efforts you put in work.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 3 November 2020

 

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