The Hindu Vocabulary 4 November 2020

2020-11-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 November 2020 is from the Editorial titled ‘A fierce contest: On U.S. election results’.

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Fierce

Adjective

very strong; violent

(बहुत कड़ा; ज़बरदस्‍त, उग्र, प्रचंड, भीषण)

Angry, Aggressive, Bold, Raging, Savage

Calm, Apathetic, Gentle, Tame, Cool, Dull

There was no need of such a fierce step from your end.

Wrangle

Verb

To involve in an argument.

(पेचीदा विवाद में पड़ना, झगड़ा करना)

Brawl, Altercation,

Bickering, Brouhaha, Disagreement

Agreement, calm, Serene, Peace, Quiet

We got involved in a wrangle at the metro station last night.

Gauge

Verb

to make a judgement or to calculate something by guessing

(किसी स्थिति का मूल्‍यांकन करना या अनुमान से हिसाब लगाना)

Benchmark, Barometer, Indicator, Criterion

Neglect, Avoid, Let go, Ignore

They made us gauge the change in the value.

Incumbent

Adjective

necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(पदस्‍थ)

Occupant, Official

-

Mr. Biden is the incumbent of the then office of Obama.

Simulate

Verb

pretend to have or feel (an emotion).

(बनावटी)

Mimic, Resemble, Disguise, Cheat

Genuine, Real, Original, Authorized, Authentic

The cab driver simulated to be following the right route.

Purportedly

Adverb

as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.

(कथित रूप से)

Supposedly, Assertedly, Avowedly, Professedly

Surely, Absolutely, Assuredly, Certainly

Rakesh purportedly wrote the informal letter to his senior.

Rhetoric

adjective

The art of effective speech.

(वक्रपटुता)

Oratory, Composition, Eloquence, Rant

Inability, Dullness, Weakness, Inarticulate

The audience at the auditorium was utterly impressed with the rhetoric of the little boy.

Bungling

Adjective

making or characterized by many clumsy mistakes.

(गोलमाल)

Awkward, Inept, Inapt, Unskilful

Skilled, Perfect, Immaculate, Experienced

The leader at the speech made bungling remarks.

Chaotic

Adjective

in a state of chaos

(अव्‍यवस्थित, अस्‍त व्‍यस्‍त)

Disorganized, Lawless, Turbulent, Tumultuous, Riotous

Calm, Harmonized, Normal, Organized

The arrangement of the blocks was chaotic.

Apathy

Noun

the feeling of not being interested in or enthusiastic about anything

(उदासीनता, अनिच्‍छा)

Indifference, Insensitivity, Detachment, Detachment

Attachment, Concern, Interest, Sympathy, Sensitivity

We have observed growing apathy among the boys at the orphanage.

Disdain

Noun

the feeling that somebody/something is not good enough to be respected

(यह भावना कि कोई सम्मानीय नहीं है, तिरस्‍कार, अवज्ञा)

Dislike, Hatred, Aversion, Ridicule, Insolence, Derision

Admiration, Affection, Approval, Flattery, Liking

I was disappointed experiencing the disdain she had for me.

Denouement

Noun

the end result of a situation.

(समाप्ति)

Climax, Culmination, End, Close, Wind up

Beginning, Opening, Start, Commencement

I have experienced a tragic denouement at my last company.

Allege

Verb

to say that somebody has done something wrong, but without having any proof that this is true

(बिना प्रमाण के आरोप लगाना)

Plead, Charge, Cite, Declare, Affirm

Contradict, Object, Dissent, Repudiate

The spokesperson alleged that the leader took bribe.

Obviate

Verb

to remove a difficulty, problem or the need for something

(समस्या का निराकरण करना; निवारण करना)

Settle, Resolve, Unravel, Figure, Fix

Begin, Unsettle, Tangle, Join, Oppose

Taking precautions obviate the need of treatment or chances of getting infected.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 4 November 2020

 

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Which of the following elements is polyatomic?