The Hindu Vocabulary 6 March 2022

2022-03-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Being ready: On vaccination and India’s third COVID-19 wave.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vaccination

Noun

The act of inoculation with vaccine.

(टीका)

DiffInnoculation, Shot, Immunization

-

India has run the largest vaccination program in history.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Everyone hopes that the pandemic will end soon.

Discernible

Adjective

Able to be perceived clearly by looking, smelling, or other senses.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ साफ़)

Apparent, Appreciable, Audible, Detectable

Ambiguous, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden, Impalpable, Inappreciable

There is no discernible trend shown by the share market since last week.

Wane

Noun

The act of decreasing in size.

(पतन)

-

-

The wane of the Soviet empire has impacted the lives of many.

Verb

To decrease in size or extent.

(कम होना)

Abate, Atrophy, Dim, Ebb

Brighten, Develop, Enhance, Enlarge

The respect towards the community has waned after this event.

Plummet

Verb

To fall sharply and abruptly.

(आकस्मिक रूप से घटने)

Collapse, Crash, Descend, Sink, Dive, Crater, Skid, Tumble

Arise, Ascend, Lift, Mount, Rise, Soar, Grow, Spike

I saw birds plummeting while I was birdwatching.

Noun

An abrupt drop.

(एक तेज गिरावट/ बोझ)

-

-

The plummet in oil prices is always welcomed.

Resurgence

Noun

The act of rising again into life or activity.

(पुनरुत्थान)

Comeback, Rebirth, Recovery, Rejuvenation, Reanimation, Renewal, Resuscitation, Revival

Failure

I have noticed a resurgence of interest in cricket in my daughter.

Catastrophe

Noun

A sudden disaster.

Any mishap.

Any unfortunate end to an end.

(तबाही/ दुर्घटना)

Apocalypse, Calamity, Tragedy, Accident, Debacle, Crash, Devastation, Disaster

Aid, Benefit, Boon, Creation, Help, Joy, Miracle, Favour

The ongoing war is a catastrophe.

Crucial

Adjective

Extremely important.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Decisive, Essential, Imperative

Inessential, Insignificant, Minor, Optional

All the points mentioned by me were crucial.

Distinction

Noun

The act of treating or perceiving someone or something as different from others.

A distinguishing characteristic.

(भेद/ अंतर/ विशेष योग्यता)

Characteristic, Contrast, Discrepancy, Divergence, Consequence, Excellence, Merit, Quality

Accord, Agreement, Conformity, Likeness, Insignificance, Criticism, Worthlessness, Inferiority

She can detect distinctions in colours with the slightest of difference.

Emphasis

Noun

Force or intensity of expression that gives importance to something.

Special consideration of something.

(प्रमुखता)

Accent, Stress, Underscoring, Weight, Attention, Insistence, Intensity, Priority

Ignorance, Lethargy, Incompetence, Triviality

We need to give more emphasis on product quality.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Susceptible to physical or emotional attack.

Open to attack or damage.

(जो सहज में घायल हो सके)

Endangered, Exposed, Liable, Open, Accessible, Defenseless

Insusceptible, Invulnerable, Unexposed, Unsusceptible, Guarded, Protected

Males are not seen as vulnerable in eyes of the society.

Fortunate

Adjective

Having good fortune.

Bringing some good thing not foreseen.

(भाग्यशाली)

Affluent, Encouraging, Happy, Lucky

Destitute, Failing, Hopeless, Lacking

We were fortunate enough to survive the pandemic.

Hesitancy

Noun

the quality or state of being hesitant.

(संदेह)

Uncertainty, Hesitation, Hesitance, Doubt

Certainty, Sure, Resolute, Willingness

The Prime Minister’s security head showed hesitancy in finalising the roadshow in the crowded area.

Scepticism

Noun

An attitude of doubt towards a particular thing.

The state of being doubtful towards something.

(संदेहवाद)

Apprehension, Disbelief, Distrust, Hesitation

Belief, Sureness, Trust, Certainty

She looked at my results with scepticism.

Indigenous

Adjective

Originating in a particular region or country.

Belonging to a particular place by birth or origin.

Being a part of the innermost nature of something or someone.

(स्वदेशी/ किसी चीज या किसी के अंतरतम स्वभाव का हिस्सा होना।)

Domestic, Endemic, Primitive, Aboriginal, Local, Regional, Constitutional, Ingrain

Alien, Foreign, Immigrant, Imported, Superficial, Exterior, Extraneous, Nonindigenous

This product of our company is an indigenous product of India.

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

Soon the booster dose will be made available to everyone.

Ramp up

Verb

To increase.

(बढ़ाना)

Boost, Elevate, Jack up, Mount, Enhance, Gain, Grow, Accrue, Amass, Collect

Abate, Decline, Diminish, Dip, Dwindle, Lessen, Taper, Lose

We need to ramp up our efforts.

Biotechnology

Noun

The exploration of biological processes for industrial and other purposes.

(जैव प्रौद्योगिकी)

-

-

I want to pursue B.Tech in biotechnology.

 

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