The Hindu Vocabulary 7 March 2022

2022-03-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Capital verdict: On A.P. High Court judgment on Amaravati.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Verdict

Noun

The finding or answer of a jury given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment. (निर्णय)

Answer, Award, Finding, Opinion, Decision, Decree

Accusation

The verdict of the High court on this case is still pending.

Judgment

Noun

The ability to make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions.

(निर्णय)

Discernment, Acumen, Shrewdness, Common sense, Perception

Ignorance, Stupidity, Inability, Misunderstanding, Ineptness

Everyone appreciated his judgment towards cracking the deal.

A misfortune or calamity viewed as a divine punishment.

(प्रलय)

Punishment, Retribution, Penalty, Doom

-

The flood had been a judgment on the people for overexploiting nature.

Whimsy

Noun

Playfully quaint or fanciful behavior or humor.

(सनक)

Playfulness, Fancifulness, Caprice, Notion

-

The play was a mix of whimsy and action.

Accrue

Verb

(of sums of money or benefits) be received by someone in regular or increasing amounts over time.

(उपाजित होना)

Accumulate, Enlarge, Amass, Collect, Flow

Disperse, Dissipate, Spend, Diminish, Distribute

 

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The Putin regime is going to face strong criticism at the United Nations.

Abandon

Verb

Leave behind

(छोड़ देना)

Desert, Discard, Discontinue, Ditch, Drop out, Leave

Advance, Allow, Begin, Come, Continue, Maintain

He abandoned his position in favour of his son.

Noun

Careless disregard for consequences

(लापरवाही की स्वतंत्रता)

Spotaneity, Disregard, Freedom, Recklessness, Impulse

Restraint

Rahul thinks being an abandon is a cool thing.

Frustrate

Verb

To disappoint

 (हताश)

Thwart, Baffle, Depress, Dishearten

Aid, Assist, Hearten, Encourage, Help

I was frustrated over his behavior.  

Residuary

Adjective

Residual

(अवशिष्ट)

Excessive, Expendable, Gratutious, Redundant, Unneeded, Useless

Reasonable, Useful, Important

Residuary powers are vested in the hands of central government.

Moot

Adjective

Subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Problematic, Unresolved, Unsettled, Suspect

Certain, Definite, Sure, Settled

It is not a moot point to be discussed further.

 

Verb

Raise (a question or topic) for discussion; suggest (an idea or possibility).

(वाद-विवाद करना)

Raise, Bring up, Broach, Mention, Put forward, Introduce

-

He mooted with his wife over the trip to Iceland.

Decentralise

Verb

To distribute the administrative power to more than one authority or less concentrated area.

The dispersion of functions.

(विकेन्द्रित करना)

Disperse, Distribute, Scatter, Broadcast

Assemble, Concentrate, Consolidate, Centralise

The defence industry needs to be decentralised.

Stern

Adjective

Firm and uncompromising.

(कठोर)

Austere, Flinty, Harsh, Ramrod

Clement, Gentle, Indulgent, Lax

I am afraid of his stern look.

Noun

A rear end of a boat.

(जलयान का पिछला भाग)

-

-

We were sitting at the stern on the boat.

Rebuff

Noun

A blunt rejection.

(प्रतिघात/ रोक)

Rebuke, Rejection, Nix, Snub

Praise, Approval

Rahul’s attempts to be friends with Rashmi were met with a rebuff.

Verb

To reject sharply.

Turn away.

(हटाना)

Chide, Deny, Dismiss, Disregard

Accept, Acknowledge, Allow, Admit

My suggestions to CEO were rebuffed.

Sunk (Past participle of sink)

Adjective

Beyond help.

(डुबोया हुआ)

Flawed, Impaired, Bent, Blemished

Healthy, Fixed

We are now sunk after losing all in gambling.

Consequential

Adjective

Following as an effect.

Of significance or importance.

(परिणामस्वरूप होने वाला/ महत्त्वपूर्ण)

Meaningful, Momentous, Weighty, Substantial

Insignificant, Small, Unsubstantial, Trivial

The extra staff members will result in consequential increased costs.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

My friend is an erstwhile king.

Allegedly

Adverb

According to what has been claimed without proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Purportedly, Avowedly, Assertedly, Supposedly

-

The Russian army has allegedly damaged the hospital in Ukraine.

Repeal

Noun

The act of abrogating or canceling.

(निरस्तीकरण)

Abolition, Abrogation, Annulment, Withdrawal

Approval, Sanction, Enactment, Validation

They demanded a repeal of all three laws. 

Verb

Declare null and void.

To revoke

(रद्द करना)

Abolish, Abrogate, Annul, Cancel

Allow, Approve, Build, Enforce

The government has agreed on repealing older laws. 

Enact

Verb

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(अभिनय करना/ क़ानून का रूप बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Accomplish, Appoint

Fail, miss, Abandon, Deny

The law was enacted today after days of lobbying.

 

Pursue

Verb

To chase after something.

To continue.

(अनुसरण/ पीछा करना)

Seek, Accompany, Attend, Persist

Help, Ignore, Leave, Neglect

Why do you pursue an argument with Reena at all?

Grievance

Noun

A wrong that can cause distress and is considered as a ground of complaint.

(शिकायत)

Down, Grudge, Resentment, Score

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

I was fed up with handling her everyday grievances.

Doctrine

Noun

A particular principle or belief of a group or government.

Something that is taught.

(सिद्धांत)

Attitude, Axiom, Concept, Precept, Canon, Dogma, Regulation, Rule

Ambiguity, Heterodoxy, Skepticism, Disbelief

Our NGO was founded on the doctrine of education for all.

Buffet

Noun

A blow with hand.

A violent shock.

A counter with refreshments.

(छोटी भोजनशाला/ एक हिंसक झटका)

Cafeteria, Counter, Cupboard, Spank

-

I was excited to go to the buffet restaurant for dinner.

Verb

To strike repeatedly.

To struggle with blows of hand.

(बार-बार प्रहार करना।)

Batter, Clobber, Jolt, Pummel

Lose, Pull, Praise

The strong winds buffeted our tiny ship.

Promissory Estoppel

-

a doctrine in contract law which enforces a promise whether executed as a contract or not. The doctrine seeks to protect the rights of a promisee or aggrieved party against the promisor.

(वचन विबंधन)

-

-

The company brought an action to enforce the promise invoking promissory estoppel.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना/ विनती करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

They were trying to invoke the company’s help in their personal problems.

 

New Year Offer get 20% Off
Use Coupon code PENDULUMEDU

half yearly current affairs year book july dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2021 Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs year book 2021 Rs.349/- Read More
annual banking awareness 2022 books Rs.999/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

If the signs '+' and 'x' are interchanged, then which of the following would be correct?