The Hindu Vocabulary 8 March 2022

2022-03-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 March 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Quadrilateral queasiness: On India’s stance in Russia-Ukraine crisis.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Queasiness

Noun

A mild state of nausea.

(नज़ाकत/ उबकाई)

Nausea, Biliousness, Qualms, Squeamishness

Relish, Liking, Predilection, Fondness

The queasiness of Tanu disappeared when she met her mother.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Your work is conflicting with what you were asked to do.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

This argument may result in a long-lasting conflict.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

We hope that the conflict gets resolved soon.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

I have come to a resolve to first learn and then earn.

Snap

Verb

break or cause to break suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound.

To secure hastily.

(चटकाना/ तोड़ना/ एकाएक फ़ोटो लेना)

Click, Crack, Fracture, Pop

Combine, Free, Fix, Liberate

Kuneet snapped his fingers.

Noun

A quick sudden action.

A short sharp sound.

(काट/ तड़क)

Breeze, Cinch, Ease, Picnic

Difficulty

The respect towards the community has waned after this event.

Adjective

Done suddenly without deliberation.

Called without prior warning.

(बिना विचार-विमर्श के अचानक किया।)

Cheap, Easy, Facile, Painless

Arduous, Difficult, Exacting, Laborious

His snap election was due to extraordinary circumstances created suddenly.

Comprise

Verb

To include.

To consist of.

(समावेश करना)

Consist, Contain, Constitute, Form

Abandon, Exclude, Neglect, Except, Ruin

Each unit comprised 100 people.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

(आक्रमण)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

It was expected that in modern times invasions could not happen.

Territorial

Adjective

Associated with a particular area or territory.

(क्षेत्रीय)

Provincial, Sectional, National

Universal

The territorial disputes can lead to a warlike situation.

Noun

A member of the territorial army.

(प्रादेशिक सेना के एक सदस्य)

-

-

Rahul used to be a territorial person.

Maritime

Adjective

Relating to border on the sea.

Relating to commerce activities on the sea.

(समुद्री)

Marine, Nautical, Navigational, Aquatic

-

We studied maritime laws last semester.

Reaffirm

Verb

To affirm something again to confirm.

(पुष्टि करना)

Acknowledge, Announce, Refit, Refurbish, Reestablish

Destroy, Finish, Damage, Discourage, Forget

The lawyer was reaffirming the client’s innocence.

Sovereignty

Verb

Freedom from external control.

The quality of a state having supreme authority.

(प्रभुता/ प्रभुत्व)

Dominance, Jurisdiction, Supremacy, Ascendancy

Submission, Dependence, Subjection, Unfreedom

India’s sovereignty will always be protected by its people.

Integrity

 

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

She always maintained her integrity even in worse situations.

 

 

The state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

(अखंडता)

Unity, Wholeness, Coherence, Solidarity, Coalition

Disunity, Incompleteness

A political leader should work in order to maintain the integrity of the country. 

Coercion

Noun

The act of persuading someone forcefully to do something they don’t want to do.

(ज़बरदस्ती)

Duress, Intimidation, Menace, Persuasion, Force, Harassment, Insistence, Pressure

-

A promise that is made by coercion is ephemeral.

Vis-a-vis

Noun

In relation to or compared.

(सामने)

-

-

The graph shows the price vis-à-vis time.

Adverb

Face to face.

(आमने- सामने)

-

-

Presidents of Russia and Ukraine should sit vis-à-vis and resolve the conflict.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

Russia must have been aware of sanctions before going into war.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

I am not going to sanction your project.

Humanitarian

Adjective

Having concern for welfare and happiness of people.

(मानवीय)

Altruistic, Charitable, Humane, Philanthropic

Ailing, Unfit, Fragile, Impotent

The humanitarian steps taken by the government are commendable.

Noun

A person promoting activities of human welfare.

(मानवतावादी)

Altruist, Benefactor, Helper, Patron

Opponent, Egoist, Stingy

We need more humanitarians for the upliftment of society.

Paradigm

Noun

a typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model.

(उदाहरण)

Model, Pattern, Example, Standard, Prototype

-

Mr. Tarun is a paradigm of philanthropy.

Contravention

Noun

The act of opposing the argument.

The state of doing something contrary to something.

(उल्लंघन)

Breach, Dispute, Infringement, Conflict

Agreement, Obedience, Peace, Harmony

The weapons program is a contravention of the International peace accord.

Treaty

Noun

A formal agreement between two or more states about peace or alliance.

A formal document in which a contract is set.

(संधि)

Accord, Alliance, Arrangement, Bond

Antagonism, Discord, Misunderstanding, Disagreement

You have violated all the agreements under our treaty.

Verse

Noun

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(कविता)

Epic, Lyrics, Stanza, Poem

Prose

All verses are sung in the same tone.

Adjective

Related to writing in verse.

(पद्य में लिखने से संबंधित।)

-

-

We read a verse play.

Plurilateral

Adjective

Having many sides.

Involving more than two nations.

(बहुपक्षीय)

Multilateral

Individual

Pakistan raised the Kashmir issue on some multilateral platforms.

 

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The 100th Constitutional Amendment made in 2015 is pertaining to-