The Hindu Vocabulary 8 October 2020

2020-10-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled “People’s court: On Madhya Pradesh by-elections”.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Redefine

Verb

define again or differently.

(फिर से परिभाषित)

Reconsider, Reconstitute, Reinvent, Reevaluate

Assert, Maintain, Hold, Uphold, Defend

The newly structured banking system is again struggling to redefine itself.

Defection

Noun

the desertion of one's country or cause in favour of an opposing one.

(भंग)

Desertion, Leave, Abandon, Alienation

Harmony, Connected, Settled, Faithfulness

The defection of my trainer put me in a deep shock.

Suit

Noun

a lawsuit.

(मुकदमा)

Litigation, Bill, Cause, Trial, Lawsuit

Misfit, Misadapt, Vary, Disagree

The suit filed against him has made him bear a heavy cost.

Fray

Noun

a situation of intense competitive activity.

(दंगा/ लड़ाई)

Fracas, Affray, Brawl, Broil

Peace, Accord, Agreement, Truce, Quiet

The fray among brothers in the family uprooted every member.

Be in play

Phrase

be in action or operation.

(प्रभावी)

Active, Operative, Flowing, Effective

Passive, Inoperative, Immobile, Unmoving, Static

After wait for 2 weeks, the Cricket matches are now in play.

Wrest

Verb

take (something, especially power or control) after considerable effort or difficulty.

(हथिया)

Extort, Extract, Force, Take

Give, provide, Grant, Giveaway

I wrested by force for revealing the reality.

Defector

Noun

a person who has abandoned their country or cause in favour of an opposing one.

(पक्षत्यागी)

Deserter, Betrayer, Runaway, Runagate

Supporter, Adherent, Disciple, Follower

Lastly, we were all shocked to know that Shubhash was a defector.

Adversary

Noun

one's opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.

(विरोधी)

Antagonist, Enemy, Attacker, Competitor, Rival

Ally, Friend, Assistant, Helper, Backer

Trump called his adversary by unusual names.

Usurpation

Noun

wrongful or illegal encroachment.

(अवैध अतिक्रमण)

Abduction, Encroachment, Arrest, Hook

Release, Letting go, Relieve, Liberty

It was not the right use of power, it was more of usurpation.

Chaotic

Adjective

in a state of complete confusion and disorder.

(अस्तव्यस्त)

Disorganized, Turbulent, Tumultuous, Riotous, Turbid

Calm, Normal, Harmonized, Organized, Systematic

The accident at the highway made the traffic on the road chaotic.

Spotlight

Noun

intense scrutiny or public attention.

(गहन जांच या जनता का ध्यान)

Fame, Light, Limelight, Publicity, Flashlight

Obscurity, Uncertainty, Ambiguity, Vagueness

The upcoming stars future seemed to be in the spotlight.

Distress

Noun

extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.

(संकट)

Disappointment, Affliction, Anguish, Anxiety

Aid, Advantage, Benefit, Comfort

My mother took me in her arms and tried to ask me the reason of my distress.

Brutality

Noun

savage physical violence; great cruelty.

(निर्दयता)

Atrocity, Inhumanity, Savageness, Fierceness

Kindness, Gentleness, Humaneness, Niceness

The worker agreed for low wages as he was afraid of the brutality of the zamindar.

Betray

Verb

unintentionally reveal; be evidence of.

(प्रकट करना/ धोखा)

Abandon, Cheat, Bluff, Delude, Mislead

Aid, Help, Assist, Defend

I could never have imagined Akshay betraying us.

Mandate

Noun

an official order or commission to do something.

(अधिदेश)

Command, Decree, Dictate, Precept, Directive

Breach, Denial, Refusal, Veto

The mandate issued was obeyed with strict measures.

Inducted

Verb

admit (someone) formally to a post or organization.

(प्रतिष्ठापित करना)

Drafted, initiated, Called up, Enrolled

Denial, refusal, Unacceptance, Betrayal

I was inducted into the office by my father.

Clout

Noun

influence or power, especially in politics or business.

(प्रभाव)

Authority, Power, Influence, Weight

Impotency, Lose, Weakness, Unable, Inability

He used his clout to have the decision on his side.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 8 October 2020

 

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Choose the most appropriate option to change the narration (direct / indirect) of the given sentence.

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