The Hindu Vocabulary 9 October 2020

2020-10-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 October 2020 is from the Editorial titled “Vanquishing viruses: On Nobel prize for medicine”.

 

Word

Part of Speech

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Vanquish

Verb

defeat thoroughly.

(जीत हासिल करना)

Conquer, Crush, Overcome, Overpower

Surrender, Give in, Release, Win

They failed to vanquish the enemy and ultimately surrendered.

Assault

Noun

make a physical attack on.

(हमला)

Abuse, Invade, Blame, Attack, Strike

Decrease, Praise, Retreat, Back off

She reported against for the physical assault caused.

Frighteningly

Adverb

in a frightening or alarming way.

(डरावनी)

Frantically, Furiously, Mightily, Threateningly

Calmly, Gently, Kindly, Quietly

I rushed toward the staircase frighteningly as the fire alarm went off.

Obscure

Adjective

not discovered or known about; uncertain.

(अस्पष्ट)

Ambiguous, Arcane, Complicated, Confusing, Cryptic, Enigmatic

Clear, Definite, Known, Obvious, Exposed

The reality of the case is still obscure.

Coincidence

Noun

a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances without apparent causal connection.

(संयोग)

Accord, Accompaniment, Concurrence, Consonance

Difference, Discord, Disconnection, Divergence

It was a coincidence that you came along with them.

Anoint

Verb

nominate or choose (someone) as successor to or leading candidate for a position.

(किसी के उत्तराधिकारी के रूप में नामांकित या चुनना (किसी को))

Bestow, Affix, Join, Offer

Censure, Condemn, Chastise, Castigate

The PM anointed his assistant as the chief.

Confound

Verb

cause surprise or confusion in.

(उलझाना)

Astonish, Astound, Baffle, Bewilder

Clear up, Explain, Explicate, Unmix

The new policy issued confounded all the employees.

Stout

 

Adjective

having or showing courage and determination.

(बलवान)

Burly, Heavy, Fat, Bulky, Courageous

Shy, Coward, Afraid, Timid, Weak

Rahul is stout in his approach toward life.

Scourge

Verb

cause great suffering to.

(कष्ट देना)

Curse, Affliction, Infliction, Pest, Punishment

Reward, Benefit, Advantage, Blessing, Delight

The criminal was scourged with a whip.

Shorn

Verb

break off or cause to break off.

(छीना हुआ)

Snatch, Shove, Cut back, Taken off

Extended, Provided, Rendered, Given

I had shorn the rights bestowed on him.

Fatigue

Noun

extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.

(थकान)

Exhaust, Weaken, Languish, Weary

Energize, Assist, Aid, Grow

Physical exertion causes fatigue.

A hat tip

Phrase

used as an acknowledgement that someone has brought a piece of information to the writer's attention, or provided the inspiration for a piece of writing.

Acknowledgement, Acceptance, Granting, Allowing, Realization

Denial, Contradiction, Rebuttal, Refutation

I shared a hat tip with the man who helped me with the case.

Virologist

Noun

a person who studies viruses.

(वाइरसविज्ञानी)

-

-

The virologist participated in the research.

Geneticist

Noun

a science who studies genes, including how they are inherited, mutated, activated, or inactivated.

(जनन-विज्ञा)

-

-

I had no interest in geneticist.

Accolade

Noun

an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit.

(सम्मान)

Award, Achievement, Laurel, Honor, Badge

Blame, Criticism, Humiliation, Disapproval

The Industry awards are the highest accolade here.

Morbidity

Noun

the condition of being diseased.

(रोगों की संख्या)

Misery, Dejection, Grief, Doldrums

Comfort, Cheer, Joy, Delight

The morbidity rate has increased this year.

Lineage

Noun

direct descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree.

(वंशावली)

Clan, Descent, Breed, Heredity, Offspring

Guardian, Forerunner, Originator, Root

The new attendant is a member of royal lineage.

Debilitate

Verb

to weaken.

(दुर्बल करना)

Attenuate, Cripple, Disable, Enfeeble, Mar

Strengthen, Aid, Soothe, Assist

The rigorous illness debilitated his physical being.

Ransom

Noun

a sum of money demanded or paid for the release of a captive.

(फिरौती)

Free, Liberate, Rescue, Save

Confine, Hold, Imprison, Forfeit

The kidnappers asked for huge amount for ransom.

 

Watch Video of The Hindu Editorial Vocab 9 October 2020

 

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