The Hindu Vocabulary 7 August 2022

2022-08-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A fresh opportunity: On the rollback of the Personal Data Protection Bill’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rollback

Noun

To take back or a reduction or decrease.

(वापस लेना)

Reversal, Withdrawal, Drop, Depleting, Cutback

Promote, Encourage, Bolster, Enlargement, Foster

We need to rollback the changes as there have been negative outcomes.

Withdrawal

Noun

The action of withdrawing something.

(वापसी)

Remove, Abolition, Cancellation, Ending

Start, Begin, Introduction, Proceed, Kick-start

RBI has capped the withdrawal limit to Rs. 25000 a day.

Lacunae

Noun

A blank space.

A small cavity.

A missing part.

(कमी/ अभाव/ अंतराल/ अंतर)

Break, Cavity, Depression, Gap, Hiatus, Interim, Dearth, Pinch, Deficit, Undersupply, Inadequacy

Closure, Continuity, Continuation, Misfortune, Abundance, Wealth, Opulence, Plenty

There is a lacuna between what you promised and what you delivered.

Brook

Verb

Endure

(बर्दाश्त करना)

Countenance, Tolerate, Abide, Allow

Disapprove, Avoid, Disallow, Hold

He brooked the pain to save his brother.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

The countries signed a framework to tackle climate change.

Aver

Verb

To declare or affirm positively

To allege as a fact

(दृढ़ता से कहना)

Affirm, Claim, Allege, Contend

Deny, Gainsay, Discredit, Forget

The averred that he did not deliver the wrong product.

Stakeholder

Noun

A person with an interest or concern in something, especially a business.

(हितधारक)

Collaborator, Colleague, Partner, Shareholder, Associate

-

The minority stakeholders do not have a say in this matter.

Overemphasize

Verb

Place excessive emphasis on.

(अधिक बल देना)

Falsify, Heighten, Inflate, Magnify, Misrepresent

Compress, Contract, Decrease, Ignore, Lessen, Play down

He overemphasized the importance of the book in his preparation.

Diverge

Verb

separate from another route and go in a different direction.

(हट जाना)

Separate, Part, Disunite, Divide, Subdivide

Unite, Converge, Merge, Mix, Mingle

The route diverges towards the National Highway.

Leeway

Noun

The amount of freedom to move or act that is available.

An allowable margin of freedom.

Extra time, space or margin within which to operate.

A degree of freedom of action.

(हवा की ओर / छूट/ स्वतंत्रता/ अनुवात दूरी)

Freedom, Scope, Space, Extent, Headway, Play, Latitude, Margin

Limitation, Confinement, Restriction, Hindrance

His parents did not give him leeway to go out alone.

Oversight

Noun

An error due to carelessness.

Watchful and responsible care.

(निगरानी)

Lapse, Mistake, Neglect, Blank, Control, Inspection, Maintenance, Surveillance

Ignorance, Mismanagement, Neglect, Care

Sometimes we make mistakes due to oversight.

Exempt

Verb

To say officially that somebody does not have to do something or pay for something

(आधिकारिक रूप से छूट देना)

Excuse, Exonerate, Free, Space

Incarcerate, Keep, Hold

He was exempted from paying a fine.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

He retained his position in the javelin throw.

Liable

Adjective

Responsible by law; legally answerable.

(उत्तरदायी)

Accountable, Amenable, Bound, Chargeable, Obligated

Irresponsible, Excusable, Unaccountable, Freed, Immune

He is liable to pay 5000 dollars to the bank.

Anomaly

Noun

A deviation from the common rules.

(नियमहीनता)

Aberration, Exception, Oddity, Oddment, Rarity, Inconsistency

Conformity, Normality, Regularity, Sameness

His way of playing is an anomaly to the other people on his team.

Revert

Verb

Return to (a previous state, practice, topic, etc.).

(उलटना)

Return, Go back, Retrogress, Regress

Continue, Proceed, Improve, Grow, Keep

He did not revert me about the important decision on the project.

Enact

Verb

Legislate

(कानून बनाना)

Accomplish, Execute, Appoint, Formulate

Abandon, Fail, Forget, Neglect

We enacted a new law for privacy.

 

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