The Hindu Vocabulary 8 August 2022

2022-08-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Cooling the temperatures: On U.S.-China relations after Pelosi’s Taiwan visit.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conclude

Noun

To bring to an end.

To say in conclusion.

To determine by reasoning.

To come to an agreement.

To form a final judgment.

(निष्कर्ष निकालना/ समापन करना/ समाप्त होना/ अंतिम रूप से तय करना) 

Achieve, Close, Complete, End, Halt, Terminate, Make, Adjudge, Analyze, Assume, Accomplish, Carry out, Decide, Determine

Begin, Commence, Continue, Open, Disbelieve, Disperse, Distribute, Divide, Destroy, Disprove, Fail, Hesitate

He concluded his speech by thanking everyone in his family.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

The relief that we got after having such a tasteful dinner was amazing.

Median

Adjective

Being in the middle or in an intermediate position.

(मंझला/ मध्य/ माध्यिका/ अन्तःस्थ)

 

Average, Center, Central, Intermediary

Exterior, Outside, Extreme, Peripheral

I wanted to know the median price of a home in this area.

Conventional

Adjective

Conforming to accepted standards.

Pertaining to general agreement.

Ordinary rather than different.

(पारंपरिक/ रूढ़/ परम्परागत)

Current, Ordinary, Regular, Traditional, typical, Accepted, Rigid, Bigoted, Bourgeois, Conforming

Abnormal, Different, Extraordinary, Irregular, rare, Exotic, Foreign, Strange, Uncommon

He asked me to use conventional symbols throughout the project.  

Escalation

Noun

An increase in the intensity.

(वृद्धि)

Enlargement, Expansion, Growth, Rise

Decrease, Abatement, Compressing, Condensation

The recent visit of Nancy Pelosi has resulted in the escalation of the issues between China and Taiwan.

Provocation

Noun

Action or speech that makes someone angry, especially deliberately.

(उकसावा)

Goading, Prodding, Rousing, Stimulation, Prompting, Urging

Placate, Pacify, Assuage, Conciliate, Calm, Propitiate

Don’t use any such words that may result in the provocation.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The whole crisis in Sri Lanka is a result of bad decisions by the government.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

The evidences are clear and crystal.

Strategic

Adjective

Relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.

(सामरिक)

Planned, Calculated, Deliberate, Tactical, Judicious, Critical

Inessential, Insignificant, Trivial, Unplanned

Many countries take decisions that seem friendly first but turn out strategic later on.

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

One should drive with caution on highways.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

I am cautioning use against the use of hair dye.

Strain

Noun

Any force that tends to alter the shape.

A strong muscular effort.

(तनाव/ खिंचाव/ मोच/ थकान)

Ache, Anxiety, Bruise, Burden, Injury, Pressure, Sprain, Stress, Breed, Blood, Descent, Extraction

Aid, Calmness, Ease, Health

He was under strain.

Verb

 

To draw tight.

To pull forcibly.

(कसकर तानना/अधिक श्रम से थकाना/छानना)

Injure, Sprain, Tear, Tighten, Twist, Weaken, try, Endeavour, Exert, Grind, Exude, Percolate, Purify, Refine

Fix, Mend, Contract, Discourage, Dissuade, Energize, Conceal, Hide, Idle, Ignore, Corrupt, Dirty, Pollute, Calm

I was worried to strain a rope on my own.

Ambition

Noun

Strong desire for success

(महत्वाकांक्षा)

Appetite, Aspiration, Desire, Energy, Enthusiasm, Hope

Apathy, Aversion, Disgust, Dislike, Hate

I will do everything to achieve my ambitions.

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