The Hindu Vocabulary 5 December 2022

2022-12-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A small uptick: On November’s GST revenues.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Uptick

Noun

A small increase or slight upward trend.

(इजाफा)

Accretion, Raise, Expansion, Gain

Deduction, Subtraction, Decline, Decrease

There has been a small uptick in your performance till now.

Gross

Adjective

Very obvious and unacceptable especially of wrongdoing

Very rude

(अशिष्ट)

Blatant, Shameless, Glaring, Overt, Naked, Evident, Brazen, Palpable, Audacious, Low, Foul, Offensive

Concealed, Flawed, Hidden, Indefinite, Limited, Imperfect, Decent, Good, Kind

I don’t like his gross habit of chewing the ends of his clothes.

Adverb

Without tax or other contributions having been deducted

(सकल)

-

-

If you will invest 2 lakh here, the return will be paid gross.

Verb

Produce or earn (an amount of money) as gross profit or income.

(सकल लाभ या आय के रूप में उत्पादन या कमाई (धन की राशि))

Earn, Make, Take in

Net, Lose

He went to the US to gross $50 million to cater the needs of his family.

Noun

Total amount

Aggregate, Entirety, Sum, Totality

Net, Fraction, Part

Our company’s gross tripled in seven years.

Onset

Noun

The beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.

(शुरुआत/ आक्रमण)

Commencement, Dawning, Onslaught, Outbreak, Outset

End, Conclusion

Many trees shed their leaves at the onset of the autumn season.

Headroom

Noun

Clearance

(निकासी)

Allowance, Expanse, Gap, Opening

Closure, Denial

There is no headroom for inflation to rise more.

Spikes

Noun

A sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration of something.

(वृद्धि)

Grow, Enlarge, Expand, Swell, Rise, Climb, Escalate, Surge

Decrease, Reduce, Lessen, Reduce, Drop

There has been a sudden spike in the share price our company.

Compliance

Noun

The act of complying with a desire.

A disposition to yield to others.

Conformity or accordance.

Cooperation or obedience.

Do what is required to do.

(अनुपालन/ क़बूल/ इजाज़त/ अनुमति/ पालन/ स्वीकृति)

Conformity, Consent, Acquiescence, Amenability, Assent, Complaisance, Concession, Concurrence, Deference, Docility

Difference, Disagreement, Refusal, Disobedience, Rebellion, Resistance, Defiance, Denial, Dissension, Dissent

The export of goods is in compliance with trade regulations.

Baseline

Noun

A minimum or starting point used for comparisons.

Basic standard or level

(आधारभूत)

Criterion, Guideline, Measure, Standard, Basis

-

The inflation has risen few points above the baseline.

Insignificant

Adjective


Too small or unimportant to be worth consideration.

(तुच्छ)

Irrelevant, Meaningless, Minimal, Minor, Minuscule, Negligible, Trivial, Meager

Big, Huge, Important, Large, Major, Meaningful, Sensible, Useful

You have given me an insignificant amount of money for my work.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The government is trying to limit the fiscal deficit.

Surpassed

Verb

Outdo something or someone

(पार करना)

Beat, Exceed, Outpace, Outperform, Pass, Excel

Fail, Lose, Surrender, Fall Behind

India has surpassed Brazil to become the largest producer of sugar in the world.

Enthusing

Verb

Express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something.

(जोश में आना)

Excite, Acclaim, Gush, Extol, Laud, Rouse, Arouse

Depress, Bore, Sadden, Dispirit, Distress, Discourage, Dishearten

The team was enthused by the new project.

Outflow

Noun

A large amount of money, liquid, or people that moves or is transferred out of a place.

(बहिर्वाह)

Discharge, Effluence, Effusion, Gush, Rush, Stream

-

FDI outflow from India has increased in 2021.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Despite his heavyweight, he participated in the long jump race.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The despite done by her to my property will attract severe punishment.

Rebound

Verb

Have an opposite and undesirable effect to what was intended.

(जवाबी हमला)

Backfire, Boomerang, Come back, Fail, Spring

Stay, Still, Settle, Fixed, Controlled

His move rebounded when he came to know that he was targeting the wrong person.

Spur

Verb

Promote the development of.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Stimulate, Encourage, Prompt, Prod, Move

Hinder, Obstruct, Discourage, Boring

His passion for dancing spurred him to set up a dance academy.

Bolster

Verb

To support or give a boost to.

(समर्थन या मजबूत करना)

Bear, Brace, Support, Strengthen

Block, Decrease, Discourage, Hinder

He bolstered me to fight for my rights.

Sustainable

Adjective

Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

(सतत)

Maintain, Uphold, Preserve, Protect, Keep, Nurture

Ruin, Destroy, Debilitate, Abandon, Relinquish

The government is planning to make cities sustainable and resilient.

Deferred

Verb

Postpone

(टालना)

Shelve, Put off, Put back, Delay

Sped up, Expedite, Quick, Fast

He deferred his engagement due to unavoidable reasons.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat