The Hindu Vocabulary 3 December 2022

2022-12-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Great responsibility: On India’s G20 presidency’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Presidency

Noun

The office of president

(अध्यक्षपद)

Cabinet, Board, Bureau, Department, Ministry, Chair, Command, Power, Regime

Inferiority, Opposition, Submission, Weakness

He announced his candidacy for the presidency in 2022.

Etch

Verb

To delineate or impress clearly


(of an acid or other solvent) corrode or eat away the surface of (something)

(खोदना/ धातु अथवा कांच पर तेजाब डालकर छापा करना वा खोदना)

Depict, Engrave, Imprint, Incise, Ingrain, Inscribe, Stamp, Corrode

Build, Confuse, Neglect

You should perform so well today that it gets etched in everyone’s memory.

Symbolize

Verb

Be a symbol of

(प्रतीक)

Indicate, Embody, Signify, Illustrate, Mean, Suggest, Exemplify

Hide

This festival symbolizes the tradition and cultural heritage of the tribe.

Committed

Verb

carry out or perpetrate (a mistake, crime, or immoral act).

(अपराध करना)

pledge or bind (a person or an organization) to a certain course or policy.

(वादा करना)

Carry out, Perform, Engage, Enact

Pledge, Devote, Apply, Dedicate

Fail, Abstain, Behave, Obey

Refuse, Withhold, Disapprove, Reject

The leader committed that he will waive off all the farmers’ loans once he comes to the power.

Harmony

Noun

A pleasing arrangement of parts.

Internal calm.

Peaceful, agreeable and orderly relations.

(सद्भाव/ एकता/ मेल)

Conformity, Consensus, Consistency, Cooperation, Integration, Integrity, Composition, Melody

Disagreement, Discord, Incompatibility, Dislike, Unevenness, Disorganisation, Disproportion, Disharmony

We should be in harmony with our neighbouring countries.

Culminate

Verb

Come to a climax

(समापन)

Climax, Conclude, End up, Wind up, Close

Begin, Commence, Open, Start

The crafts mela culminated with a folk dance performance by female participants.

Uncertainty

Noun

The state of being uncertain.

(अनिश्चितता)

Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Anxiety, Concern

Assurance, Belief, Calmness, Certainty

We cancelled our outdoor party due to the uncertainty of weather.

Forge

Verb

Make or shape (a metal object) by heating it in a fire or furnace and beating or hammering it.

 

To make or imitate falsely especially with intent to defraud

(जाली नक़ल करना/ बनाना) 

Build, Construct, Create, Form, Hammer out, Shape

Falsify, Produce, Design, Duplicate, Fake, Feign

Break, Demolish, Dismantle, Neglect, Ruin

Be original, Raze, Destroy

He forged the property papers and asked me to sign them.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

Mr. Park ensured that I get my pension on time.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

We will start the project only after the consensus of all board members.

Substantive

Adjective

Having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.

(वास्तविक)

Notably, Substantial, Appreciable, Significant, Prominent, Tolerable

Paltry, Minor, Trivial, Insignificant, Meaningless, Slight, Small

You need to give me substantive reason for your resignation.

Comprehensive

Adjective

Of large scope.

Covering completely. (विस्तृत)

Complete, Embracive, Encyclopaedic, Exhaustive

Empty, Incomplete, Limited, Narrow

If you purchase the premium package, you will get comprehensive coverage of diseases.

Disruptions

Noun

The act of disrupting something.

The forcible separation into parts.

(विघटन/ भंग/ विच्छेद/ विदारण/ दुर्घटना/ दरार)

Interruption, Separation, Splitting, Severance, Break, Confusion, Disturbance, Agitation, Disorder

Calm, Order, System, Organization, Method

Inadequate supply of goods is causing disruption in the production.

Crucial

Adjective

Of great importance.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Vital, Acute, Dire

Inessential, Minor

It is crucial for us to maintain the quality to bag more projects.

Distress

Noun

Great pain or sorrow.

A state of danger.

A painful situation.

(संकट/ पीड़ा/ आपदा/ कठिनाई)

Ache, Affliction, Anguish, Anxiety, Calamity, Catastrophe, Crunch, Aggrieve, Agonize, Ail

Advantage, Aid, Blessing, Calm, Benefit, Appease, Assist, Assuage

Rajan was in distress after he lost his only son.

Verb

To cause to worry or be troubled

(सताना)

Upset, Afflict, Agonize, Bother, Bug, Depress, Desolate, Disquiet

Appease, Assist, Assuage, Clam, Sheer, Comfort, Delight

The news of his sudden demise must have distressed you a lot.

Adjective

Involving distress goods.

Offered for sale at loss.

(घाटे में बेचने की पेशकश करना)

-

-

We helped our friend to set up a distress sale.

Scrutiny

Noun

Critical observation or examination.

(छानबीन)

Inspection, Survey, Scan, Study

-

You should proceed with the agreement after scrutiny.

Prominence

Noun

The state of being important or famous.

(प्रमुखता)

Eminence, Fame, Greatness, Importance, Reputation

Insignificance, Inferiority, Unimportance, Depression

Lara Dutta came to prominence only after she became Miss Universe.

 

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat