The Hindu Vocabulary 22 May 2022

2022-05-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A timely reminder: On Supreme Court’s GST verdict.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Verdict

Noun

The finding of a jury on a matter.

A decision.

(निर्णय/ अधिमत)

Answer, Award, Conclusion, Decision

Accusation

The verdict of the jury was not in favour of public sentiments.

Conciliatory

Adjective

Intended to reduce hostility.

Actions that are willing to end a disagreement or hostility.

Intended to pacify.

(मिलाप करनेवाला/ मित्र बनानेवाल/ समाधानकारक/ समाधानकारी)

Appeasing, Assuaging, Calm, Civil, Pacifying, Placating, Propitiatory

Antagonistic, Fighting, Refusing, Stubborn

After all that happened, he was talking to me in a conciliatory tone.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

Relating to financial matters.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

Nonfinancial

The fiscal policy was looked forward to by the finance companies.

Dilemma

Verb

A situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable options.

A problem with a difficult choice.

(दुविधा)

Difficulty, Embarrassment, Impasse, Mess, Plight, Predicament

Solution

I was in a dilemma of selecting between two job offers.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to a person or business.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग/ सोच/ वास्ता)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

It is none of Jacob’s concern but he still wants to know everything.

Verb

To relate to.

To have an influence on.

To involve.

To distress about.

(दिलचस्पी लेना)

Bother, Regard, Trouble, Worry, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb

Aid, Help, Ignore, Calm, Please, Reassure, Unconcern, Appease

The book concerns three friends.

Pronounce

Verb

To declare officially.

To articulate words.

To make a statement.

To make an authoritative statement.

To pass judgment.

(सुनाना/ बोलना/ घोषणा करना/ निर्णय सुनाना/ अपना मत व्यक्त करना)

Speak, Utter, Phonate, Accent, Assert, Deliver, Proclaim, Decree, Affirm

Conceal, Hide, Mumble

The marriage registrar pronounced them husband and wife.

Protracted

Adjective

Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual/ Chronic

(दीर्घ/ फैला हुआ/ स्थगित किया हुआ/ दीर्घकालिक/ लम्बा)

Enduring, Continued, Extensive, Prolonged, Continuous, Lingering, Persistent, Sustained

Ceasing, Halting, Intermittent, Infrequent

The highway project was protracted due to a lack of funds.

Dispute

Verb

 

To engage in argument.

To doubt upon someone or something.

To contend over.

(संदेह करना/ प्रकट करना/ विचार-विमर्श करना/ तर्क-वितर्क करना)

Challenge, Contend, Refute, Wrangle, Contest, Contradict

Agree, Concede, Corroborate, Allow, Concur, Approve

He disputed the ownership of the land.

 

Noun

Verbal controversy.

A difference of opinion.

A quarrel.

(विवाद/ झगड़ा/ मतभेद/ तकरार)

Bickering, Brawl, Conflict, Controversy, Debate, Disagreement, Discord, Discussion

Accord, Calm, Concurrence, Harmony, Concord, Agreement

Legal disputes are very time-consuming to handle.

Untenable

Adjective

Incapable of being defended.

Incapable of being sustained.

Not able to be occupied.

(अस्थिर/ असमर्थनीय)

Illogical, Flawed, Unsupportable, Unsound

Logical, Defendable

The untenable apartments were finally sold at a discounted price.

Dwell

Verb

To live or stay as permanent.

To remain for a time.

To linger over.

(रहना/ ध्यान केन्द्रित करना/ समय बिताना)

Bide, Exist, Inhabit, Reside, Squat, Bunk, Continue

Move, Depart, Go, Advance

There was a cave in the jungle where bats dwell.

Noun

A period in the operation of a machine in which a given part remains motionless.

(मशीन के संचालन में एक अवधि जिसमें एक दिया गया हिस्सा गतिहीन रहता है।)

-

-

We need to reduce the dwell of the machine to increase the production.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

Mode of rule.

A regular pattern of occurrence.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The cadets were put in a strong exercise regime.

Federalism

Noun

The distribution of power into the central authority and the constituent units.

The federal form of government.

(संघवाद/ संघीयता)

Unionism, Unitarianism, Republicanism

Antifederalism

Many argue that the amendment is against the basic nature of federalism.

Adjective

Sudden and significant.

(अचानक और महत्वपूर्ण)

-

-

There is a quantum improvement in production and sales.

Legislature

Noun

The legislative body of a country or state.

(विधान मंडल)

Chamber, House, Parliament, Body, Council, Assembly, Diet, Senate, House of the representatives

-

The state legislature passed new laws in this session.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

The recommendations of the review committee will be carefully examined.

Simultaneous

Adjective

Occurring at the same time.

Satisfied by the same variables.

(समकालिक/ युगपत/ समक्षणिक/ एक ही समय में होनेवाला)

Concurrent, Coeval, Coexisting, Accompanying, Agreeing, Coetaneous, Contemporary, Synchronic

Asynchronous, Noncontemporary, Nonsimultaneous, Nonsynchronic, Divided, Following, Different

War could only be ended by a simultaneous withdrawal of the troops.

Amend

Verb

To alter or modify.

To grow or become better.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Enhance, Upgrade

Worsen, Lower, Break, Decrease

The rules were amended for everyone.

Implement

Verb


Put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect.

(लागू)

Achieve, Carry out, Complete, Enforce, Realize

Fail, Forget, Give up, Ignore, Neglect

The new rules will be implemented from the 1st of June.

Subsume

Verb

To consider as part5 of a more comprehensive one.

To bring under a larger part.

To encompass a component element.

(किसी नियम के अंतर्गत करना र)

Carry, Comprehend, Contain, Embrace, Include, Involve, Classify, Contain, Incorporate

Exclude, Leave out, Miss out, Omit

Number system and Percentage are subsumed under the classification of Basic Mathematics.”

Edifice

Noun

A building of large size.

A massive structure.

(भवन/ प्रासाद/ महल/ हवेली)

Monument, Construction, Skyscraper, Building, Hall, Palace, Tower

-

Rashtrapati Bhavan is one of our nation’s magnificent edifices.

Undertake

Verb

A group of two or more acting in conjunction.

(आरंभ करना/ वचन देना/ साहय करना/ दायित्व लेना)

Begin, Commence, Devote, Guarantee, Initiate, Launch, Offer, Shoulder

Cease, End, Finish, Complete, Conclude, Deny

Among the entire marketing team, she was the only one who undertook the task of replying to emails.

Pertinent

Noun

Relating to the matter at hand.

(उचित)

Applicable, Apposite, Apropos, Germane

Improper, Inapplicable, Unfitting, Inappropriate

I don’t think that this question is pertinent to the current situation.

Fortuitous

Adjective

Occurring by chance.

Happens by chance and resulting to be a success.

(आकस्मिक/ दैवाधीन/ अप्रत्याशित)

Fortunate, Odd, Chance, Random, Contingent, Serendipitous, Fluke, Unforeseen

Calculated, Designed, Intentional, Deliberate

Rahul winning the jackpot was a fortuitous event.

Predicaments

Noun

A difficult situation.

An unpleasant situation.

(स्थिति/ कठिन परिस्थिति/ दशा/ पदार्थ)

Circumstance, Crisis, Deadlock, Dilemma, Hardship, Imbroglio, Impasse, Mess, Plight, Quagmire

Advantage, Agreement, Benefit, Boon, Solution, Closure, Blessing

Sunny explained our predicament to our parents.

Agrarian

Noun

A person who advocates a redistribution of landed property, especially as part of a social movement.

(एक व्यक्ति जो भूमि संपत्ति के पुनर्वितरण की वकालत करता है, विशेष रूप से एक सामाजिक आंदोलन के हिस्से के रूप में।)

-

-

Many are opposing the agrarians.

Adjective

Relating to fields.

Relating to farmer’s way of life.

Relating to agriculture.

(कृषि-संबंधी/ भूमि-संबंधी)

Agricultural, Natural, Peasant, Rural, Farming

Nonagricultural

Our town was founded as an agrarian community.

Infuse

Verb

To introduce as if by pouring.

To inspire.

To soak.

(पानी में डालना/ बिगोना/ मन में बैठाना/ उड़ेलना)

Animate, Instill, Intersperse, Invest, Imbue, Impart, Impregnate, Steep

Dehydrate, Discourage, dry, Clear, Eliminate, Take away

The speech by the coach infused the team with self-confidence.

Introspection

Noun

Examination of one’s own mental and emotional state.

The act of looking within oneself.

(आत्मनिरीक्षण)

Self-questioning, Self-scrutiny, Contemplation, Scrutiny

-

Congress is organizing a meeting for self-introspection.

Nurture

Verb

Care for and encourage the growth or development of

(पालन ​​- पोषण करना)

Bring up, Care for, Provide for, Take care of, Attend to

Abandon, Decrease, Deprive, Destroy

We always nurture our decade-long friendship.

Noun

The process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something.

(किसी चीज की वृद्धि की देखभाल करने और प्रोत्साहित करने की प्रक्रिया)

Encouragement, Promotion, Fostering, Development, Cultivation

Ignorance, Neglect, Negligence, Deprivation

My mother helped in the nurture of the baby.

Impasse

Noun

A difficult situation with no possible solution.

A road that has no further way.

(गतिरोध/ कठिन स्थिति/ बन्द गली/ जटिल समस्या)

Deadlock, Dilemma, Gridlock, Predicament, Stalemate, Standoff, Standstill, Halt, Logjam

Solution, Breakthrough, Agreement, Boon

The government reached an impasse while dealing with farmers on the three Farm Bills.

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