The Hindu Vocabulary 23 May 2022

2022-05-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Act early, decisively: On the bid to change nature of places of worship.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Decisively

Adverb

In a way that shows the ability to make decisions quickly and effectively.

(दृढ़तापूर्वक)

Absolutely, Exactly, Clearly, Distinctly, Positively

Doubtfully

The officers must act decisively to ensure protection of the witness.

Rake up

Phrasal Verb

To make known or public

Revive the memory of an incident that is best forgotten

(एक ऐसी घटना की स्मृति को पुनर्जीवित करना जिसे भूल जाना अच्छा है)

Uncover, Reveal, Recollect, Remember, Drag up

Cover, Conceal, Foget

I don’t see the point in raking up the past communal riots.  

Controversy

Noun

A prolonged public dispute.

(विवाद)

Argument, Bickering, Difference, Fuss

Agreement, Concurrence, Peace, Compliment

The controversy regarding the construction of temple has not been doused.

Legitimacy

Noun

Conformity to the law or to rules.

(वैधता)

Legal, Legitimate, Lawful, Judicial

Illegal, Criminal, Unlawful, Illicit

The court questioned the legitimacy of the body to punish the culprit.

Secular

Adjective

Not spiritual or religious

(धर्मनिरपेक्ष)

Civil, Materialistic, Worldly, Temporal

Mental, Holy, Spiritual

The constitution describes India as a secular country.

Onslaught

Noun

A fierce or destructive attack.

(हमला)

Assault, Attack, Aggression, Advance, Charge, Onrush

Help, Aid, Assist, Support

The officers did not act against the onslaught being cited by the people.

Embolden

Verb

Give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something or to behave in a certain way.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Encourage, Fortify, Hearten, Stimulate, Motivate, Cheer

Discourage, Dishearten, Demotivate, Dissuade

The girls were emboldened to participate in a hockey match against the boys team.

Malicious

Adjective

Characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm.

(दुर्भावनापूर्ण)

Spiteful, Malevolent, Hostile, Bitter, Venomous, Poisonous

Benevolent, Kind, Warm-hearted, Gracious, Caring, Humane

Jarvey made malicious efforts to acquire his brother’s property.

Demolish

Verb

To destroy

Annihilate, Smash, Crush, Dismantle, Raze, Ruin

Build, Construct, Create, Help, Raise

The unauthorized buildings were demolished in Delhi.

Affiliate

Adjective

Associate with another organisation officially. (संबद्ध)

Connected, Related, United

Separated

Our college is not affiliated with any major university.

Perceive

Verb

Become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.

 

Identify, Observe, Distinguish, Recognize, Understand, Know

Ignore, Misinterpret, Misunderstand, Overlook

It is important to perceive the  words spoken by others to avoid misunderstanding.

Abate

Verb

Become less intense or widespread

(समाप्त करना)

Decrease, Diminish, Dull, Ebb, Slacken, Subside

Advance, Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Extend

The noise suddenly abated as the police arrived in the colony.

Flagrant

Adjective

(of something considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive. (निन्दनीय)

Atrocious, Brazen, Blatant, Egregious

Concealed, Good, Hidden, Magnificent

The culprits should be punished for flagrant violation of sexual harassment law.

Halt

Noun

A temporary or permanent stop.

(रुका हुआ)

Freeze, Cut off, Standstill, Termination

Continuation, Start, Beginning

The court ordered an immediate halt to the ongoing investigation in Meher case.

Groundswell

Noun

A buildup of opinion or feeling in a large section of the population.

(उभार)

People’s front, bloc, grassroots movement

-

A groundswell of opposition against the new law was unexpected by the government.

Inexplicable

Adjective

Beyond comprehension

(अकथनीय)

Baffling, Strange, Unaccountable, Mysterious, Incomprehensible

Comprehensible, Explainable, Normal, Regular, Intelligible

The inexplicable act by the government has caused resentment among the public.

Barred

Adjective

Prohibited

(बाधित)

Banned, Contraband, Illegal, Illicit, Restricted

Allowed, Legal, Lawful, Permitted

The act barred such cases to be uptaken by the court.

Revanchist

Adjective

Advocating or fighting for the recovery of lost territory or status

(बदला लेने वाला)

-

-

The revanchist  group continued to claim the land. 

Relentless

Adjective

Not easing.

Showing no abatement of intensity.

Oppressively constant

(कठोर/ दयाहीन/ निरन्तर)

Determined, Dogged, Harsh, Incessant, Persistent, Sustained

Intermittent, Surrendering, Easy, Gentle

She continued relentless efforts to succeed in exam.

Conducive

Adjective

Making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.

(अनुकूल)

Helpful, Useful, Contributive, Leading

Useless, Worthless, Discouraging, Hindering

The current situation in Ukraine is not conducive for foreign students.

Proponent

Noun

A person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project.

(समर्थक)

Advocate, Backer, Defender, Enthusiast, Exponent, Patron

Antagonist, Detractor, Enemy, Opponent

The proponent of the using mobile phones always oppose its disadvantages.

 

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?