The Hindu Vocabulary 24 May 2022

2022-05-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Wheat confusion: On India’s export restriction.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Restriction

Noun

A limitation on the use of some facilities.

(प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Control, Restraint, Stipulation

Allowance, Liberation, Freedom, Permission, Help

The restriction on mobile phone usage has improved productivity.

Apprehension

Noun

Anticipation of some misfortune in the future.

Fear of future evil.

Seizure by legal process.

(आशंका)

Alarm, Disquiet, Doubt, Dread, Booking, Capture, Awareness, Perception

Belief, Calm, Calmness, Certainty, Liberation, Release, Ignorance, Misunderstanding

He was having a feeling of apprehension when he was told that he has been diagnosed with a kidney stone.

Amend

Verb

To alter or modify.

To grow or become better.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Enhance, Upgrade

Worsen, Lower, Break, Decrease

The government should amend century-old laws.

Emphasise

Verb

To stress upon something.

To place emphasis on something.

To give prominence to something.

(ज़ोर देना/ गुरुता के साथ उच्चारण करना / प्रमुख बनाना/ महत्त्व पर ज़ोर देना)

Accentuate, Affirm, Assert, Highlight, Indicate, Maintain, Reiterate, Repeat

Deny, Mumble, Forget, Lose

The bureaucrat emphasized a need for reforms in his book.

Allowance

Noun

 

A sum guaranteed as reimbursement for expenses.

A portion granted.

The act of allowing something.

An amount allotted.

(भत्ता/ छूट/ अनुमति/ अनुज्ञा)

Aid, Alimony, Allocation, Allotment, Annuity, Contribution, Free, Gift, Grant, Pension, Accommodation, Deduction, Rebate

Forfeit, Loss, Whole, Aggregate, Increase, Refusal

His parents gave him a monthly allowance while he was in school.

Verb

To place a fixed allowance.

To allocate in a fixed quantity.

(किसी को नियमित रूप से भत्ते के रूप में एक राशि देना।)

-

-

The principal allowanced a glass of milk for the hostelers.

Articulate

Verb

To give clear utterance to words.

To utter distinctly.

To pronounce clearly.

To unite as if using a joint.

To define something.

(साफ़ साफ़ बोलना/ सन्धियुक्त/ जोड़ा हुआ/ गाँठदार)

Enunciate, Express, Utter, Mouth, Concatenate, Hinge

Ask, Question, Bumble, Disconnect, Listen, Disconnect, Disjoin, Divide

Small kids have trouble articulating their thoughts.

Adjective

Uttered clearly.

Expressing oneself clearly.

Able to speak.

(स्पष्ट/ व्यक्त)

Coherent, Eloquent, Expressive, Fluent

Inarticulate, Unclear, Unintelligible, Misrepresented

Narendra Modi is an articulate speaker.

Mismatch

Noun

A bad match.

An unsuitable match.

(बेमेल/ असंतुलन)

Discrepancy, Imbalance, Disproportion, Dissimilarity

Balance, Equality, Evenness, Sameness

The mismatch between the required skills and the skills offered in the training course is creating an employment gap.

Verb

To match two people or things unsuitably.

(दो लोगों या चीजों का अनुचित मिलान करना।)

-

-

You have to give extra time to sort the mismatched articles.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

The role played by the judiciary in a nation’s stability is evident in the last few years.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation has affected businesses badly.

Curb

 

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

We went to the hill and were sitting on the curb for a long time.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The number of cars entering the Rohtang Pass has been curbed by the local authority.

Delegation

Noun

A group of delegates.

A group of persons chosen to represent something.

The act of empowering to act for another.

(प्रतिनिधि मंडल/ प्रतिनिधि की नियुक्ति/ प्रतिनिधान)

Appointment, Apportioning, Authorization, Charge, Commission, Contingent, Organization, Embassy

Keeping

The parliamentary delegation went to Europe to meet their counterparts.

Criticism

Noun

The act of criticizing usually favourably.

The act of evaluating some work.

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on perceived mistakes.

The act of passing judgments on the merits of anything.

A critical comment.

A method of studying texts to reconstruct them.

(आलोचना/ समालोचना/ छिद्रान्वेषण/ समीक्षा)

Assessment, Comment, Critique, Judgment, Denunciation, Objection, Animadversion, Aspersion

Heedlessness, Compliment, Neglect, Approval, Estimation, Flattery, Praise, Sanction

Sometimes political leaders face unfair criticism as well.

Glean

Verb

To gather bit by bit.

To collect little by little slowly.

(बीनना)

Cull, Deduce, Extract, Garner, Learn, Conclude

Disperse, Plant, Dissipate, Divide

This intel has been gleaned through various sources and put together to reach this conclusion.

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