The Hindu Vocabulary 25 May 2022

2022-05-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 May 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Grand slam: On ATP and WTA stripping of Wimbledon ranking points.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Strip

Noun

A long narrow piece of metal.

A commercial area along a highway.

An act of undressing.

(पट्टी/ धज्जा/भूभाग/ तख़्ता)

Band, Bar, Belt, Bit, Layer. Ribbon

Whole

He wrapped my wound with a strip of cloth.

Verb

To remove clothing.

To remove furniture or equipment.

To remove one’s clothes.

To deprive of covering.

(नंगा करना/ नंगा होना/ उघाड़ना/ वंचित करना)

Deprive, Dismantle, Divest, Empty, Striptease, Peel

Cover, Fill, Fix, Give, Dress, Robe

The prisoners were stripped to check for weapons.

Govern

Verb

To exercise sovereign authority.

To control the actions.

To rule by right of authority.

To exercise the functioning of the government.

To conduct the policy and actions of an organization.

(शासन करना/ परिचातित करना/दमन करना/ विधान करना)

Administer, Conduct, Control, Dictate, Guide, Control, Curb, Decide, Determine, Handle

Abandon, Leave, Mismanage, Neglect, Fail, Aid, Liberate, Assist, Help

The current regime is very much capable of handling complex matters.

Harsh

Adjective

Unpleasantly severe.

Causing a disagreeable sensory reaction.

Physically uncomfortable.

Cruel or severe.

Excessively negative.

(कठोर/ कड़ा/ तेज़/ निष्ठुर)

Bitter, Bleak, Grim, Hard, Rigid, Sharp, Punitive, Brutal, Relentless, Ruthless

Bland, Bright, Low, Mild, Calm, Agreeable, Bland, Cheerful

He used harsh words toward his rivals.

Rebuke

Noun

An expression of sharp disapproval or criticism.

(फटकार)

Reprimand, Reproach, Scolding, Admonishment, Remonstration,

Approval, Exoneration, Commendation, Flattery

His words were given as advice but they felt like a rebuke.

Verb

Express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behavior or actions.

To criticize sharply.

(निन्दा करना)

Scold, Admonish, Reprove, Chide, Pull up, Castigate

Approve, Flatter, Laud, Praise, Compliment

My husband rebuked me for making tasteless food.

Autonomous

Adjective

 

Having the power of self-government.

Carried on without outside control.

Subject to its own laws.

Having autonomy.

(स्वायत्तशासी/ स्वायत्त/ स्वशासी/ स्वराज्य के अधीन)

Self-governing, Free, Self-determining, Sovereign

Subservient, Dependent, Subject, Dependent, Nonautonomous

Mark has created an autonomous institution for educating kids.

Decline

Verb

To become less in amount.

To slope downward.

To tend toward an inferior state.

To express inability to accept.

To withhold consent.

(अस्वीकार करना/ झुकना/ अन्त होना)

Deselect, Disapprove, Negative, Nix, Pass, Refuse, Deny, Dismiss, Reject, Demur

Comeback, Improvement, Rally, Recovery, Recuperation, Rehabilitation, Approve, Grant, Advance, Ascend, Increase, Develop, Enlarge

She declined my proposal for a business partnership.

Noun

A period in which something deteriorates.

A downward slope.

A continuous loss of strength.

(पतन/ अवनति/ क्षय/ ढलान)

Debilitation, Decay, Declension, Degeneration, Ebbing, Lessening, Fall, Failure, Drop

Accept, Approve, Increase, Rise, Success, Accomplishment, Improvement, Achievement

The decline of the party is due to poor leadership.

Integrity

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

I cannot compromise my integrity to earn money.

Covet

Verb

To desire wrongfully.

To desire what belongs to others.

(लालच/ ललचाना/ लोभ करना)

Crave, Desiderate, Desire, Dire, Lust, Envy, Begrudge, Want

Dislike, Abjure, Give, Hate

He secretly coveted this throne for years.

Barring

Preposition

Excluding something as an exception.

Except for.

(को छोड़कर/ के सिवाय/ बिना)

Except for, Excepting, Bar, Other than, Apart from, Aside from, Besides, But

All, Inclusive

Barring any guests coming to my house, I will go for a walk.

Feud

 

Noun

A quarrel.

A mutual prolonged quarrel.

(झगड़ा / सामंत/ चिरस्थायी कलह/ सांघातिक विरोध)

Altercation, Dissension, Enmity, Fight, Fracas, Bickering, Conflict, Discord

Accord, Agreement, Calm, Concord

The feud between the management and the union is causing problems on the client’s end.

Verb

To engage in a feud.

To take part in a prolonged quarrel.

(झगड़े में शामिल होना)

Bicker, Clash, Quarrel, Squabble, Dispute, Brawl

Agree, Socialize, Peace

Their family has feuded with mine for decades.

Allure

Noun

Power of fascination.

(आकर्षण से लुभाना / घोड़े की चाल)

Attraction, Charisma, Charm, Magnetism, Temptation, Enticement, Glamour

Repulsion, Repulsiveness

The allure of higher monetary benefits is too strong to hire competitor employees.

Verb

To attract by something desirable.

To be tempting.

To entice by charm.

(फुसलाना/ ललचाना/ भरमाना/ आकर्षण या मोह की शक्ति)

Beguile, Bewitch, Captivate, Enchant, Attract, Bait, Fascinate, Magnetize, Wile, Witch

Disenchant, Disgust, Repel, Release, Deter, Repulse, Push, Discourage

You have been a fool that you were easily allured by her fake love for you.

Saga

Noun

A story or narrative about a place, group, or event.

(कथा)

Adventure, Chronicle, Epic, Narrative

-

I wrote my life’s saga in my autobiography.

Disruption

Noun

The process of interrupting something.

A forcible division into parts.

An act of preventing the continuation of an operation in a normal way.

(विघटन/ भंग/ विच्छेद/ दुर्घटना/ दरार/ फटन)

Interruption, Separation, Severance, Break, Confusion, Disturbance, Agitation, Disorder

Calm, Order, Organization, Method

The whole progress of Ukraine has come in disruption after the war.

Severe

Adjective

The fact or condition of being serious.

Rigorous in punishment.

Strongly critical.

Requiring great efforts.

(तीव्रता)

Seriousness, Gravity, Strength, Intensity, Ferocity

Mildness, Leniency, Geniality, Elaboration, Simplicity

A severe fitness test is being planned for selection into the state team.

Fiasco

Noun

A complete failure in a humiliating way.

A round-bottomed glass flask for wine.

(असफलता/ नाकामयाबी/ अनिष्पत्ति)

Blunder, Breakdown, Debacle, Disaster, Embarrassment, Failure, Farce, Turkey, Washout

Blockbuster, Hit, Smash, Success, Accomplishment, Achievement, Miracle, Success

The film turned out to be a fiasco.

Bruise

Noun

An injury without a break in the overlying skin.

An injury especially to the feelings.

(चोट/ छ्लिना)

Blemish, Contusion, Discolouration

-

His father-in-law fell on the plants and got bruises on his hand.

Verb

To break down by pounding.

To injure slightly.

(नील लगाना/ मसलना)

Batter, Blacken, Crush, Injure

Aid, Compliment, Cure, Heal

Rashmi’s feelings were bruised when she came to know that the university has rejected her application.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

You will deny it later despite accepting it now, I know you very well.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The management called the Union leader and made him feel despite and turned down his proposal.

Inflict

Verb

To impose as something that must be suffered.

To cause something unpleasant to be endured.

(दण्ड/ थोपना/ सज़ा देना/ पीड़ा पहुंचाना)

Exact, Expose, Levy, Wreak

Hold, Take, Keep, Withhold

The mosquitoes inflict a painful sting.

Collateral

Noun

Assets pledged by a borrower as security for repayment of a loan.

A branch of a bodily part.

A relative from the same stock but in a different line.

(एक ऋण की चुकौती के लिए सुरक्षा के रूप में एक उधारकर्ता द्वारा गिरवी रखी गई संपत्ति।)

Assurance, Bond, Guarantee, Endorsement

Break, Uncertainty

He has pledged his land as collateral for his loans.

Adjective

Accompanying as secondary.

Parallel in position.

Relating to the collateral being used as security.

(सहायक/ अतिरिक्त)

Ancillary, Accessory, Adjuvant, Attendant

Chief, Different, Dissimilar, Important

The collateral effects of these plans must be thought upon.

Unilaterally

Adverb

Involving only one person.

Decided by only one person.

(एकतरफा/ इकतरफ़ा)

One-sidedly, Independently

Bilaterally, Plurilaterally, Multilaterally

The state government has unilaterally reduced the taxes.

Distraction

Noun

Something that distracts.

Mental derangement.

The state of being distracted.

(व्याकुलता/ विकर्षण/ पागलपन/ अन्यमनस्कता)

Aberration, Complication, Confusion, Disturbance

Calm, Order, Profession, Peace

The distractions in your life are causing failures in the exams.

Wedge

Verb

To separate as if with a wedge.

To insert a wedge.

(एक कील के साथ अलग करना।)

Cram, Crowd, Crush, Jam

-

The wedge stopped the gate from getting closed.

Noun

A piece of wood or metal that tapers to a thin edge.

(कील/ पच्चर/ खूंटा/ रुखानी)

Chunk, Block, Chock, Cleat

Whole

Tanu wedged her hand into the crack.

Splinter

Noun

A small needle-like particle.

A group broken away from a parent body.

(किरच)

Bit, Chip, Needle, Flake

Whole

Swati got a splinter in her foot.

Verb

To split into long thin pieces.

(पतली पट्टी चीरना)

Disintegrate, Fracture, Split, Rive, Shatter, Slice

Combine, Fix, Mend, Unite

The glass vase splintered into pieces.

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