The Hindu Vocabulary 26 December 2022

2022-12-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A welcome move: On the free grains scheme under food security law.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

He freed his parents from the burden of loans by paying in advance.

Verb

To load heavily.

(बोझ लादना)

Afflict, Bother, Depress, Encumber

Aid, Allow, Assist, Cheer

The school is burdening students by asking them to carry all the books daily.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

It was a great relief to finally rest at our house.

Allocation

Adjective

The amount of something given to a specific person for a specific purpose. (आवंटन/ बंटवारा)

Allotment, Appropriation

Whole

There was a fight among family members over the allocation of family resources.

Beneficiary

Noun

A group or person that receives profits or advantages.

(लाभार्थी/ हिताधिकारी)

Heir, Recipient, Assignee, Devisee

Giver, Payer

The majority of the beneficiaries of government schemes will vote for the existing government.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The public is anticipating a fourth wave of the pandemic.

Dividend

Noun

An individual share of something distributed.

A dividend is a part of a company's profits that is paid to the company's shareholders.

(लाभांश/ भाज्य)

Booster Dose, Vaccine, Recall Dose

-

He received reward money as dividends and it was totally unexpected to him.

Subsidize

Verb

To aid with a subsidy.

If an authority subsidizes something, it means they pay a portion of it.

(घूस देना/ धन रूप में सहायता देना)

Bankroll, Contribute

Disapprove, Hurt

The government has asked those who can afford to give up LPG cylinder subsidies so that LPG cylinders for the poor can be subsidized.

Entitlement

Noun

The act of giving a title to something.

A provision, right or amount to which someone is entitled.

(पात्रता/ हकदारी)

Privilege, Requests, Compensation, Interest

Responsibility, Denial, Imprisonment, Incarceration

The entitlement of people of every community or ethnicity to government programs makes them holistic.

Monetary

Adjective

Relating to coinage or currency of a country.

Relating to money.

(मुद्रा/ मुद्रा-संबंधी)

Financial, Fiscal, Pecuniary, Pocket

Nonfinancial

The Monetary Policy Committee decided to raise the repo rate.

Provision

Noun

The action of providing or supplying something for use.

(प्रावधान)

Arrangement, Plan, Providing, Equipping

Removal, Taking

He did not provide us with any provision to transfer money online.

Buffer

Noun

An apparatus at the end of a track to absorb shock during coupling or collisions.

Any device used as a shield or cushion.

(बफर/ अंतर्रोधी)

Bulwark, Cushion, Intermediary, Bumper

-

Nepal acts as a buffer state between India and China.

Procurement

Noun

The action of obtaining or procuring something.

(खरीद)

Acquisition, Appropriation, Attainment

-

The Defence Ministry has approved the deal for the procurement of advanced weapons.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

We need a team of social workers to address the concerns of people.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

I am concerned about the actual policies that will be implemented at the grassroots level.

Robust

Adjective

Strong and healthy; vigorous.

(मजबूत)

Strong, Sturdy, Vigorous, Powerful, tough, Stern

Weak, Debilitate, Frail, Fragile, Sensitive

He made a robust building that is prone to earthquakes.  

Universalization

Noun

The act or process of making universal or general

(सार्वभौमिकरण)

-

-

Countries are making effort for the universalization of education.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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