The Hindu Vocabulary 27 December 2022

2022-12-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Power roller-coaster: On Maoists and UML sharing power in Nepal.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He played for his country despite an injury.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Rajesh helped his friend to get out of despite.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

It seems like there is not going to be a clear mandate this time.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

Many people are against mandating the use of masks.

Opportunism

Noun

The taking of opportunities as and when they arise, regardless of planning or principle.

(अवसरवाद)

Advantage, Expedience, Exploitation, Timeliness

-

Many leaders get trolled for taking advantage of political opportunism.

Alliance

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

(सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

A post-poll alliance is very likely to happen.

Parliamentary

Adjective

Relating to, enacted by, or suitable for a parliament.

(संसदीय)

Legislative, Senatorial, Decreeing, Lawgiving, Congressional, Ordaining

-

The parliamentary working committee is meeting next week.

Disincentive

Noun

Something that discourages.

Something that acts as a discouragement or deterrent.

(निस्र्त्साह/ निरूत्साहन/ निरूत्साहक/ निवर्तक)

Deterrence, Dissuasion, Obviation, Preclusion, Hindrance, Obstacle, Bridle, Check, Bar, Constraint, Curb, Damper, Bump, Difficulty, Handicap, Hardship

Assistance, Help, Encouragement, Catalyst, Advance, Advantage, Aid, Happiness, Ease, help

Hurdles in operations and smooth conduct of official work act as a disincentive for new start-ups.

Legitimately

Adverb

In a legitimate manner.

(वैध तरीके से)

Accurately, Correctly, Decently, Duly

Wrongly, Unfairly

He has created his business legitimately.

Blatant

Adjective

Brazenly obvious.

Offensively noisy.

(ज़बरदस्त/ प्रबल)

Conspicuous, Flagrant, Glaring, Outright, Strident, Vulgar, Boisterous, Clamorous

Concealed, Hidden, Moral, Secret, Inconspicuous, Quiet, Silent, Subtle

He made blatant errors in simple calculations.

Coalition

Noun

An alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Merger, Union, Partnership, Bloc

Detachment, Disconnection, Division, Separation

A new coalition may get finalized as per the circumstances.

Newcomer

Noun

A person or thing that has recently arrived.

(नवागंतुक/ अजनबी/ अपरिचित/ नया आनेवाला)

Beginner, Foreigner, Immigrant, Latecomer

Expert, Local, National, Native

There were many cases of ragging of the newcomers.

Wheeling-dealing

Idiom

An attempt to make a deal or get an advantage by using complicated and sometimes dishonest or unfair methods (बफर/ अंतर्रोधी)

-

-

The political wheeling and dealing go on until a government gets constituted in case of a hung assembly.

Adherent

Noun

A follower of a leader.

A believer of a particular idea.

(पक्षपाती/ अनुयायी/ पक्षी)

Backer, Believer, Devotee, Disciple 

Antagonist, Leader

The adherents of their ideology have increased in number.

Adjective

Bound by contract.

Sticking.

Able to adhere.

(पक्षपाती/ पालन करने में सक्षम)

Adhesive, Clingy, Gluey, Glutinous

Nonadhesive

The sticker is adherent to any surface.

Renewal

Noun

The act of renewing.

The quality of being renewed.

Something used for renewing.

If we say that the renewal of an activity is taking place, it means that it starts again.

(नवीनीकरण/ नवीभवन)

Rebirth, Regeneration, Rejuvenation, Restoration

Destruction, Exhaustion

He did not opt for his Netflix subscription renewal.

Align

Verb

Line up/ arrange next to

(पंक्ति में करना)

Adjust, Coordinate, Regulate, Fix, Order

Disorganise, Break, Disorder, Divide

He aligned all the glasses on the table.

Ideology

Noun

The body of doctrine or beliefs that guide an individual or a group.

Visionary theorizing.

A system of ideas and ideals which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policies.

(विचारधारा/ चित्तवृत्ति)

Creed, Culture, Dogma, Outlook

-

People liked and appreciated his ideology.

Loaves

Loaf - Noun

Loaves is the plural of Loaf.

A loaf is a portion of bread or cake baked in a mass.

(Loaf – टुकड़ा/ पाव रोटी)

Bun, Cake

-

She packed all the loaves of bread.

Grievance

Noun

A wrong that can cause distress and is considered as a ground of complaint.

(शिकायत)

Down, Grudge, Resentment, Score

Hold, Keep, Take, Attach

A special team has been constituted for addressing public grievances.

Authoritarian

Adjective

Of or relating to a governmental system.

(सत्तावादी)

Autocratic, Dictatorial, Imperious, Strict

Democratic, Flexible, Lenient, Yielding

He is not happy with his authoritarian parents.

Plum

Noun

Someone or something unusually desirable.

Any of various trees with edible fruits resembling plum.

(आलूबुखारा/ साहुल/ बेर का पेड़)

Carrot, Cream

Loss, Penalty

The deal is a real plum for the business owner.

Instability

Noun

The quality of being unstable.

(अस्थिरता)

Anxiety, Fluctuation, Insecurity, Vulnerability

Calm, Constancy, Soundness, Balance

He was worried about the financial instability in his life.

Upheaval

Noun

Extreme agitation or disorder.

An act of upheaving.

(उथल-पुथल/ क्रांति)

Cataclysm, Catastrophe, Disaster, Disorder

Blessing, Calm, Happiness, Miracle

The protests have marked a period of social upheaval in the country.

Faction

Noun

A group within a larger group that has different opinions and interests than the larger group.

(गुट/ दल)

Bloc, Clan, Gang, Sect, Disagreement, Discord, Disharmony, Dissension

Individual, Whole, Accord, Agreement

Rival factions in the party and causing the downfall of the party.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat