The Hindu Vocabulary 28 December 2022

2022-12-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Clarity and confusion: On Rahul Gandhi’s Bharat Jodo Yatra.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Electoral

Adjective

Relating to electors.

Relating to elections.

(निर्वाचन)

Elective, Constituent, Appointing, Appointive

-

There is a need of electoral reforms in the country.

Audacious

Adjective

Showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks.

(साहसी)

Adventurous, Bold, Courageous, Brave

Afraid, Careful, Cowardly, Fearful

Rahul’s aim to open his own company is very audacious.

Showing an impudent lack of respect.

(अक्खड़)

Arrogant, Presumptuous, Defiant, Disrespectful

Meek, Shy, Humble, Mild

Sushmita has a very audacious attitude toward me.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The comments of political leaders have backdropped the situation.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The backdrop for the photoshoot was artificially built.

Polarize

Verb

To divide into sharply opposing factions.

(फूट डालना)

Part, Separate, Demarcate, Isolate

Combine, Connect, Join, Repair

He accused a political party of polarizing the elections.

Sectarian

Noun

A member of a sect.

An adherent of a sect.

(सांप्रदायिक / किसी विशेष मत या पंथ-संबंधी / विधर्म-संबंधी / विशेष सम्बन्धी)

Partisan, Dogmatist, Fanatic, Purist

Liberal, Freethinker, Latitudinarian

He interacted with sectarians of various sects in order to accommodate all in the new law.

Adjective

Relating to a sect.

Of a sect.

(कट्टरपंथी/ संप्रदायवादी)

Parochial, Narrow, Little, Stubborn

Liberal, Tolerant, Nonpartisan, Unprejudiced

The community was split along sectarian lines.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

He is an expert in setting up campaign rhetoric.

Harmony

Noun

Agreement.

Harmonious relations.

A consistent and orderly arrangement of parts.

Internal calm.

(सद्भाव/ सामंजस्य/ समरसता/ एकता)

Conformity, Consensus, Consistency, Cooperation

Disagreement, Discord, Dislike, Hatred

In our country, various religions lives in harmony with each other.

Charter

Noun

A written contract or deed.

A special privilege or exemption.

(घोषणापत्र)

Code, Constitution, Contract, Document

Disagreement, Prohibition

The charter did not allow tax-free trading between the two states.

Verb

To establish or enable by charter.

(विशेषाधिकार देना/ सुविधा देना)

Authorize, Borrow, Employ, Lease

Deny, Disallow, Disapprove, Discharge

The town was chartered a century ago.

Status quo

Noun

Current situation

(यथास्थिति)

State of affairs, Status, No Change

-

The Chief Minister has asked about the status quo of the project and instructed us to work hard to complete it on time.

Iteration

Noun

Execution of the repeated sequence of events.

(यात्रा/ पुनरावृत्तियों)

Emphasis, Repetition, Renewal, Replay

Decrease, Increase, Norepiting

Jethalal was an expert in writing pieces of code to perform iterations.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

He has the intent to protect the consumer’s rights.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

Rajkumar was so intent to watch the movie that he forgot to have dinner.

Tenuous

Adjective

Very weak or slight

(तुच्छ)

Slight, Insubstantial, Flimsy, Negligible, Weak

Certain, Strong, Define, Substantial, Sure, Firm

Opportunistic political alliances are tenuous.

Staunch

Adjective

Firm or steadfast in principle.

Characterized by firmness.

(निष्ठावान/ कट्टर)

Constant, Devout, Ardent, Loyal

Disloyal, Undependable, Unreliable, Untrustworthy

My friend is a staunch supporter of PM Modi.

Ideology

Noun

The body of doctrine or beliefs that guide an individual or a group.

Visionary theorizing.

A system of ideas and ideals which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policies.

(विचारधारा/ चित्तवृत्ति)

Creed, Culture, Dogma, Outlook

-

People are against his ideology.

Conception

Noun

The act of conceiving.

The inception of pregnancy.

Something that is conceived.

A design or plan.

(धारणा/ संकल्पना)

Appreciation, Conceit, Concept, Impression, Fertilization, Origin, Formation, Germination

Concrete, Fact, Ignorance, Misunderstanding, Conclusion, End, Ending, Finish

She has handled this project from conception to production.

Transformation

Noun

A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.

(परिवर्तन)

Change, Alteration, Modification, Variation, Conversion, Revision, Amendment, Evolution

-

Our office premises has undergone various transformation over the last few months.

Pursuit

Noun

The action of pursuing someone or something.

(लक्ष्य)

Chasing, Pursuing, Stalking, Tracking, Trailing

Ignoring, Avoiding, Letting go, Denying

The pursuit of going abroad for a master’s made him learn the German language.

Confront

Verb

To face and deal with boldly.

(सामना होना)

Accost, Defy, Encounter, Meet

Avoid, Dodge, Evade, Surrender

I confronted the delivery boy while he was trying to steal my shoes.

Hegemony

Noun

Leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others.

(नायकत्व/ नेतृत्व)

Authority, Command, Leadership, Power

Weakness, Impotence, Helplessness, Impotency, Powerlessness

China wants to prove its hegemony in the neighbouring nations.

Perpetuate

Verb

To cause to last indefinitely.

To preserve from extinction.

(यादगार बनाना/ चिरायु बनाना/ स्थिर करना/ अविरत बनाना/ स्थिर रखना)

Bolster, Maintain, Eternalize, Preserve, Conserve, Keep, Immortalize, Continue

Discontinue, Neglect, Release, Halt, Stop

Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s name will be perpetuated for centuries.

Correlation

Noun

The state of being related.

(सह - संबंध)

Interaction, Parallel, Alternation, Complement

Difference, Disconnection, Disassociation, Imbalance

There is an obvious correlation between demand and supply.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat