The Hindu Vocabulary 29 December 2022

2022-12-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Turning tide: On India’s goods exports.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Turning tide

Idiom

To reverse a condition.

To turn a condition from one extreme to another.

(किसी स्थिति को एक अति से दूसरी अति पर ले जाना।)

-

-

The current government has turned the tide in the war against drugs.

Rebound

Verb

To cause to bound back.

(प्रतिक्षिप्त होना)

Overcome, Bounce, Rally, Recover, Revive

Destroy, Deteriorate, Hurt, Ruin

Many companies rebounded from a dull period during a pandemic to a good one.

Noun

A reaction to setback or crisis.

An act of rebounding.

(प्रतिक्षेप)

-

-

He is taking some decisions because of the rebound from his breakup.

Uptick

Noun

An increase in business activity.

A selling price that is higher than the previous price.

(इजाफा)

Accretion, Accrual, Addendum, Addition, Boost, Expansion, Increase, More, Plus, Proliferation

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Decrement, Fall, Loss, Reduction, Shrinkage

The latest uptick in the share market is mainly due to a positive outlook in the country.

Significantly

Adverb

In a way that is important and deserves attention.

To a significant degree.

(काफी/ अर्थपूर्णता से)

Actually, Approximately, Necessarily, Originally

Doubtfully, Apparently, Little, Incompletely

My chances of winning the election increased significantly after I took his advice.

Moderate

Verb

To become less violent.

To act as a moderator.

To lessen the intensity of something.

To act as a chairman of some meeting.

(घटाना/ संयमित करना/ शांत करना/ मंद होना)

Abate, Alleviate, Constrain, Cool, Chair, Judge, Negotiate, Preside

Aggravate, Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Free, Incite, Liberate, Unleash

I moderated the debate for the selection of candidates.

Merchandise

Noun

The commodities and goods that are bought and sold.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

He went to the wholesale market to buy merchandise for his shop.

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

The car dealers are merchandising accessories along with car purchases.

Deficit

Noun

A loss in some operations.

Deficiency in amount.

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Scantiness, Shortcoming

Abundance, Satisfaction, Success, Sufficiency

There is a deficit of 10% in imports and export.

Curb

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

We sat on the curb and enjoyed the sunset.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The Mall is planning to curb the number of daily visitors.

Boom

Verb

To make a deep sound.

To move with a resounding rush.

To give forth a booming sound.

To boost.

(उछाल/ तेजी/ व्यापार उत्कर्ष/ गरम बाजारी)

Explode, Resound, Reverberate, Roar, Develop, Expand, Flourish, Grow

Fix, Mend, Praise, Collapse, Cease, Compress, Contract, Decline

Many businesses have boomed during the pandemic.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Their mistakes have triggered anger among the common public.

Contraction

Noun

The process of becoming smaller.

(सिकुड़न)

Compression, Condensation, Constriction, Squeezing

Decompression, Expansion, Dissipation, Scattering, Inflation

I have seen contractions in my shirt after its first wash.

Steep

Noun

A precipitous place.

A place that is steep.

(ढालवांपन/ डुबकी)

Declivity, Plunge

Straight

Dehradun is a steep and calm place.

Adjective

Having an almost vertical slope.

Extreme or incredible.

(तीव्र ढलानवाला)

Abrupt, Arduous, Hilly, Lofty

Gradual, Low, Flat, Gentle

The steep stairs at his house made him fall.

Verb

To soak in a liquid.

(भिगोना)

Bathe, Drench, Imbue, Immerse

Dehydrate, Dry, Deplete

The recipe involved steeping the vegetables in the marinate.

Onset

Noun

The beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.

(शुरुआत/ आक्रमण)

Commencement, Dawning, Onslaught, Outbreak, Outset

End, Conclusion

We went shopping for woolen clothes at the onset of the winter season.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

Many agencies are anticipating a recession in 2023.

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

He took every caution while experimenting, but the results were not as expected.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

His mother cautioned him not to act rashly with his sister.

Remittance

Noun

A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.

(परिवर्तन)

Change, Alteration, Modification, Variation, Conversion, Revision, Amendment, Evolution

-

Our office premises has undergone various transformation over the last few months.

Imbalance

Noun

Lack of balance.

(असंतुलन)

Inequality, Asymmetry, Disproportion, Shortcoming

Balance

Engineers are fearing about a structural imbalance in the construction of the building.

Vulnerability

Noun

The quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(संवेदनशीलता)

Fragility, Weakness, Delicacy, Frailty, Timidity

Strength, Robust, Strong, Firm, Sturdy

Doctors suggested older people stay at home because of their vulnerability to infection.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

He ensured that the salaries are transferred on time.

Deftly

Adverb

In a dexterous manner.

(चतुराई से)

Ably, Adroitly, Aptly, Expertly, Beautifully, Cautiously, Elegantly, Exquisitely

Awkwardly, Clumsily, Unskilfully, Indelicately

Monkeys are very clever and capable of deftly snatching food items from our hands.

Turmoil

Noun

A state of extreme confusion, disturbance and commotion.

(उथल - पुथल)

Anxiety, Confusion, Riot, Strife, Trouble, Unrest

Calm, Composure, Agreement, Contentment

Jammu and Kashmir were expected by many experts to be in turmoil after the removal of Article 370, but the situation there is calm and peaceful.

Emerge

Verb

Come Out; Arise

(उभरना)

Appear, Arrive, Develop, Derive, Show

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Drop, Fall

Our CEO focuses on the reasons why an issue emerged. 

Brewing

Verb

To make fermented alcoholic malt beverages.

To boil or cook.

(शराब बनाना/ मदिरा बनाना)

Boil, Seethe, Concoct, Cook

Dehydrate, Dry

She asked us to wait until the tea was brewed.

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