The Hindu Vocabulary 30 December 2022

2022-12-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Friendly neighbourhood: On India-Maldives bilateral relations.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

India and Pakistan have not played any bilateral series for over a decade.

Strengthen

Verb

To make stronger.

To give strength to someone or something.

(मज़बूत बनाना/ प्रबल करना/ शक्तिशाली बनना/ पुष्ट करना)

Bolster, Enlarge, Enhance, Extend, Increase, Intensify, Invigorate, Extend, Consolidate, Restore, Toughen

Abridge, Condense, Curtail, Decrease, Destroy, Discourage, Dishearten, Fail

His skills and experiences have strengthened the organization.

Conviction

Noun

A fixed or firm belief.

The act of finding a person guilty of a crime, especially in a court proceeding

The act of convincing a person.

(दोषसिद्धि/ धारणा/ आस्था/ प्रतीति/ दृढ विश्वास/ प्रत्यय)

Confidence, Faith, Feeling, Dogma, Principle, Doubtlessness, Face, Positiveness

Doubt, Incertitude, Nonconfidence, Uncertainty

His conviction has been a setback to his followers.

Alliance

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

(सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

Many opposition parties have formed alliances after Narendra Modi’s election as PM.

Laundering

Verb

To conceal the origins of (money obtained illegally), typically by transfers involving foreign banks or legitimate businesses.

(अवैध धन को वैध बनाना)

Cheat, Deceive, Befool, Betray, Swindle, Defraud

Support, Hold up, Buttress, Brace, Help, Aid, Honest

Many politicians were accused of Money laundering.

Tenure

Noun

The holding of anything like a position or office.

Status granted to an employee.

(कार्यकाल)

Tenancy, Incumbency, Term of office, Residence, Possession

Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

The tenure of US President is four years.

Verb

Give (someone) a permanent post, especially as a teacher or lecturer.

(किसी को स्थायी पद देना, विशेषकर शिक्षक या व्याख्याता के रूप में।)

-

-

Ritika was tenured as an associate professor and then got promoted to Professor.

Acquit

Verb

Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.

(अपराधमुक्त करना)

Absolve, Discharge, Exonerate, Clear, Free

Accuse, Blame, Charge, Condemn, Incarcerate

Shilpa has been acquitted of all charges and got a clean chit from the court.

 

Conduct oneself or perform in a specified way.

(एक निर्दिष्ट तरीके से आचरण करना।)

Act, Conduct, Comport, Carry

Halt, Fail, Stop, Condemn

As a group, we should acquit ourselves well in front of the boss.

Elapse

Verb

To pass or go by.

(बीत जाना/ गुज़रना)

Expire, Transpire

Continue, Persist

We did not realize that four years have elapsed since we met our grandparents.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

My post has been blessed by extraordinary predecessors.

Unrepentant

Verb

Not repentant.

Not feeling shame or remorse.

(बेरहम)

Impenitent, Ruthless, Shameless, Evil, Compassionless

Guilty, Apologetic, Contrite, Compunctious

She was completely unrepentant about her harsh behaviour.

Incarceration

Noun

The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment

(क़ैद कर देना)

Captivity, Confinement, Restraint

Freedom

His incarceration ended after the Supreme Court’s decision.

Inimical

Adjective

Tending to obstruct or harm.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Destructive, Harmful, Hostile, Injurious, Opposed

Aiding, Favourable, Friendly, Good, Helpful, Kind

Fog is inimical for driving.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

He had a sigh of relief after he received his visa.

Tread

Verb

To set down the foot in walking.

To walk along.

(पांव रखना/ पैर उठाना)

Ambulate, Pad, Step, Walk

Encourage, Release, Tiptoe

They are formulating their start up by treading a fine line between tradition and innovation.

Maritime

Adjective

Relating to the border on the sea.

Relating to commerce activities on the sea.

(समुद्री)

Marine, Nautical, Navigational, Aquatic

-

Maritime boundaries are very hard to be defined and guard.

Speculation

Noun

The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.

(अनुमान)

Belief, Conjecture, Thought, Opinion

Reality, Truth, Disdain, Proof

There are many speculations about what will be the playing eleven of Team India in the World Cup.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

Politicians are used to all sorts of allegations.

Traction

Noun

The action of pulling something over a surface.

The act of drawing.

Attracting power or influence.

(संकर्षण)

Suction, Absorption, Adherence, Adhesion

Slipperiness

My idea gained enough traction from the members of the committee.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

His mother ensured that her son received proper nutrition.

Explicitly

Adverb

In a clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

(स्पष्ट रूप से)

Absolutely, Clearly, Decidedly, Doubtless, Easily

Doubtfully, Questionably, Dubiously, Uncertain

He mentioned every detail of the project explicitly.

Sway

Verb

To move to and fro.

(धीरे-धीरे या लयबद्ध रूप से पीछे की ओर और आगे की ओर या एक ओर से दूसरी ओर ले जाएँ ।)

Affect, Impact, Influence, Mark, Controlled, Prone, Liable, Stir

Inability, Powerlessness, Weakness

Presidential debates can sway many voters that are undecided.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat