The Hindu Vocabulary 31 December 2022

2022-12-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 December 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Bad to worse: On Benjamin Netanyahu’s return.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Quicken

Verb

Make faster

(तीव्र करना)

Accelerate, Expedite, Hasten, Promote, Revitalize, Revive, Spur, Stimulate

Decelerate, Discourage, Dissuade, Halt, Hinder, Slow

My heartbeat quickened when the teacher caught me.

Repressive

Adjective

(especially in a social or political system) inhibiting or restraining the freedom of a person or group of people.

(अत्याचारी)

Harsh, Cruel, Brutal, Crushing, Oppressive

Kind, Gentle, Humble, Generous

Government is keen to remove all the repressive laws passed by the previous regime.

Theocracy

Noun

A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

(धर्मतन्त्र)

Church-state, Hierocracy

-

Most of the citizens rejected theocracy in a referendum.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

The three party coalition was led by him in 2020.

Orthodox

Adjective


(of a person or their views, especially religious or political ones, or other beliefs or practices) conforming to what is generally or traditionally accepted as right or true; established and approved.

Traditional

(रूढ़िवादी)

Authoritative, Canonical, Conservative, Conventional, Customary

Heterodox, Unorthodox, Untraditional, Unconventional

He is a leader of an orthodox party.

Pursue

Verb

Follow (someone or something) in order to catch or attack them.

(पाने की कोशिश करना)

Chase, Course, Follow, Hound, Run, Shadow, Trace, Track, Trail

Guide, Lead, Pilot

Dinesh wants to pursue his masters from Germany.

Radical

Noun

A person who holds or follows strong convictions or extreme principles

(उग्र)

Agitator, Anarchist, Extremist, Fanatic, Insurgent

Conservative, Moderate

He vented his anger on me when I disagreed with his radical views.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

We waited for the judicial orders before planning our next move.

Hurdles

Noun

An obstacle or difficulty

(बाधा)

Barrier, Bar, Snag, Obstruction, Impediment, Problem

Solution, Aid, Help, Assistance, Advantage

Joe was mentally prepared to overcome all hurdles today.

Inciting

Verb

To encourage.

To prompt action.

To encourage violent or unlawful behaviour.

(उत्तेजित करना/ प्रवृत्त करना/ पहुंचना/ भड़काना/ उकसाना)

Abet, Agitate, Arouse, Activate, Encourage, Exhort, Actuate, Animate, Coax, Inspire, Instigate, Prompt, Provoke

Block, Calm, Dampen, Depress, Lull, Prevent, Quiet, Soothe, Halt, Discourage, Tranquilize

My father incited me to write a research paper on my findings.

Ultranationalist

Noun

A person who has an extreme belief in nationalism

(अतिराष्ट्रवादी)

-

-

Mahesh is one of ultranationalists who is demanding ban on imports from China.

Embraced

Verb

Take into account

Hold (someone) closely in one's arms

(आलिंगन करना)

Accept, Adopt, Deal with, Receive, Admit, Embody, Grasp

Exclude, Free, Reject, Repudiate, Let go

My friend embraced me warmly on meeting me after 10 years.

Noun

An act of holding someone closely in one's arms.

An act of accepting or supporting something willingly or enthusiastically.

(आलिंगन)

Hug, cuddle, Squeeze, Hold, Clutch, Clinch, Nuzzle

-

We hoped that our embrace of idea will attract some investment into our business.

Unabated

Adjective

Without any reduction in intensity or strength.

(निरंतर प्रचण्ड)

Uncontrolled, Unconstrained, Unrestricted, Unchecked, Unbridled, Uncurbed, Unlimited

Limited, Controlled, Restrained, Moderate, Steady, Quiet, Inhibited

The worked unabated for five years with us.

Override

Verb

Be more important than.

Interrupt the action

use one's authority to reject or cancel (a decision, view, etc.).

(जगह लेना)

Outweigh, Supersede, Surpass, Beyond, Offset, Overbalance

Suppress, Subside, Press, Subdue, Deplete

The legislature overrode the  rights of those living in forest areas.

Subjugation

Noun

The action of bringing someone or something under domination or control.

(दमन)

Enslavement, Serfdom, Servitude, Yoke, Servility, Annexation, Invasion

Freedom, Independence

Many sociologists fear of human subjugation by technology.

 

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat