The Hindu Vocabulary 24 May 2023

2023-05-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 May 2023 is from the Editorial titled “An unclean chit: On the SEBI investigation and Hindenburg Research’s allegations.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Malfeasance

Noun

Wrongdoing, especially by a public official

(दुष्कृत्य)

 

Misconduct, Wrongdoing, Crime, Misbehavior, Trespass, Mistake, Error, Misdoing, Malpractice,

Honesty, Integrity, Sincerity, Veracity, Truthfulness

My boss was dismissed due to Malfeasance.

Unravel

Verb

Investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling)

(खोलना)

Undo, Disentangle, Free, Separate, Unknot, Unsnarl, Unwind, Straighten out, Decipher, Resolve 

Entangle, Snarl, Tie, Knot, Tangle, Wind

You have to work hard to unravel the mystery.

Reprieve

Verb

Cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death)

(दण्डविराम)

Abatement, Absolution, Amnesty, Clemency, Deferment, Pardon, Pause, Interruption, Break, Suspension, Respite, Lull

Continuation, Progress, Persistence, Endurance, Extension

The president of India has the power to reprieve the sentence.

Dizzying

Adjective

Causing someone to feel unsteady, confused, or amazed

(चकित कर)

Bewildering, Rapid, Confused, Fainting, Puzzling, Perplexing, Mystifying

Clear, Slow

The dizzying inflation rate is very dangerous for the economy.

Expedient

Adjective

(of an action) convenient and practical although possibly improper or immoral

(उपाय)

Prudent, Desirable, Wise, Tactical, Possible, Advisable, Judicious,

Unwise, Inexpedient, Inadvisable, Imprudent, Impractical

He came up with an expedient solution to the problem.

Contravention

Noun

An action which offends against a law, treaty, or other ruling

(उल्लंघन)

 Breach, Infringement, Conflict, Dispute, Infraction, Obstruction

Observance, Respecting, Noninfringement, Upholding

His action was a contravention of the law.

Emphatic

Adjective

Expressing something forcibly and clearly

(ज़ोरदार)

Aggressive, Vigorous, Violent, Forceful, Dynamic, Insistent, Energetic

Unemphatic, Mild, Weak, Ambiguous, Non-assertive 

The victory of RCB was emphatic.

Juxtapose

 

Verb

Place or deal with close together for contrasting effect

(तुलना करना)

Appose, Connect, Pair, Bring near, Bring together, Place in proximity, Set side by side

Isolated, Separate, Apart, Discrete, Unconnected, Detached

You are juxtaposing my current life with the past life.

Cautiously 

Adverb

In a way that deliberately avoids potential problems or dangers

(सावधानी से)

Deliberately, Carefully, Slowly, Purposefully, Sluggishly, Leisurely

Quickly, Rapidly, Swiftly, Briskly, Speedily, Fast

He is doing his project too cautiously.

Coherent

Adjective

(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent

(सुसंगत)

Logical, Rational, Reasonable, Valid, Sensible, Good, Analytical

Incoherent, Weak, Irrational,

He was lucid and coherent.

Obfuscation

 

Noun

The action of making something obscure, unclear, or unintelligible

(अस्पष्ट)

Confuse, Complicate, Blur, Disrupt, Becloud, Muddy, Cloud,

Clarify, Simplify, Illuminate, Clear

The resort to obfuscation in defining their statement.

Capricious

Adjective

Given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour

(मौजी)

Arbitrary, Careless, Erratic, Fickle, Flighty, Impulsive, Quirky, Unpredictable

Stable, Consistent, Predictable, Stable, Immutable, Unchangeable

Ram was accused of being capricious.

Inflict

Verb

Cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by someone or something

(प्रवृत्त)

Exact, Expose, Levy, Wreak, Administer, Apply

Dispel, Remove, Lift, Alleviate

He inflicted the whole family to be suffered from sorrow and pain.

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Question Of The Day

Who is the first Indian Woman to win an Individual Olympic Medal? / व्यक्तिगत ओलंपिक पदक जीतने वाली पहली भारतीय महिला कौन है?


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