The Hindu Vocabulary 22 May 2023

2023-05-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial May 22, 2023, is from the Editorial titled “Capital quandary: On politics and Delhi’s administrative autonomy”.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Hostage

Noun

A person held by one party in a conflict as a pledge pending the fulfillment of an agreement.

(बंधक)

Mortgage, Pledge, Surety, Guarantee, Captive, Prisoner, Victim

Escape, Fleeing, Freedom, Release, Free, Liberate

A terrorist was demanded in exchange for hostages.

Autonomy

Noun

The quality or state of being self-governing.

(स्वायत्तता)

Freedom, Self-determination, self-government, Self-rule, Sovereignty, Liberty, Uncontrolled

Constraint, Compulsion, Pressure, Force, Coercion, Dependence, Subjection

Some regions of the South want greater autonomy.

Rivalry 

Noun

Competition for the same objective or for superiority in the same field.

(प्रतिद्वंद्विता)

Competition, Battle, Duel, Struggle, Conflict, Warfare, Confrontation, Contention

Truce, Surrender, Agreement, Peace, Harmony, Concord

The two families have a bitter rivalry.

Purportedly 

Adverb

As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so.

(कथित रूप से)

Allegedly, Reputedly, Supposedly, Apparently, Reportedly, Ostensibly, Evidently, Seemingly

Incredibly, Impossibly, Improbably, Implausibly

He was given a notice purportedly signed by the Deputy collector.

Pronouncement 

Noun

A formal or authoritative announcement.

(कथन)

Announcement, Declaration, Posting, Proclamation, Sign, Promulgation, Notice, Edict, Advertisement

Concealment

At the end of the election, he made a strange pronouncement.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(प्रयोजन)

Goal, Plan, Aim, Objective, Ambition

Means, Way, Method

I realized his intent to harm me.

Adjective

Determined to do something

(इरादा)

Resolute, Determined, Decisive, Purposeful, Confident, Bound, Adamant

Hesitant, Unresolved, Undetermined, Uncertain, Doubtful, Unsure, Irresolute

The company was intent on achieving greater efficiency.

Exigencies 

Noun

An urgent need or demand

(अनिवार्यता)

Contingency, Vicissitude, Acuteness, Constraint, Crisis, Criticalness, Emergency

Unimportant,   Inconsequential, Insignificant, Indifference

The exigency of the task compelled me to do it on time.

Disenfranchised

Verb

Deprive someone of a right or privilege.

(बेदखल)

Disabled, Disempowered, Disqualified, Proscribed, Decertified, Invalidated, Forbade, Nullified

Entitled, Authorized, Privileged, Qualified, Licensed, Approved

A lot of people will be disenfranchised to vote according to the new rules.

Quandary

Noun

A state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.

(आशंका)

Difficulty, Dilemma, Embarrassment, Impasse, Plight, Predicament, Puzzle, Perplexity

Boon, Advantage, Solution, Success, Certainty, Solution

We were left in a Quandary last week.

Brazen

Adjective

Bold and without shame

(बेशर्म)

Audacious, Blatant, Bold, Impudent, Shameless, Unabashed

Timid, Meek, Shy, Humble, Modest, Retiring

It is a brazen demand by them.

Verb

To oppose something hostile or dangerous with firmness or courage.

(किसी शत्रुतापूर्ण या खतरनाक बात का दृढ़ता या साहस के साथ विरोध करना।)

Confront, Face, Brave, Dare, Withstand, Defy, Resist

Avoid, Shirk, Evade Escape, Dodge

He is ready to brazen the criticism.

Dismantle 

Verb

Take a machine or structure to pieces.

(ध्वस्त)

Break up, Demolish, Destroy, Disassemble, Raze, Detach

Construct, Build, Assemble, Erect, Combine, Unite

You need to dismantle the kid's scooter to pack.

Confrontational

Adjective

Tending to deal with situations in an aggressive way.

Hostile or argumentative

(टकराव)

Aggressive, Militant, Hostile, Contentious, Combative, Assaultive, Belligerent, Irritable

 

Peaceful, Pacific, Friendly, Amicable, Cordial, Conciliatory

They saw each other with confrontational expressions.

 

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Question Of The Day

In which of the following months is Gokulashtami celebrated every year as per Hindu tradition? / हिंदू परंपरा के अनुसार हर साल गोकुलाष्टमी निम्नलिखित में से किस महीने में मनाई जाती है?


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