The Hindu Vocabulary 26 August 2023

2023-08-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Backseat driving: On Thai civilian governance and the Thai military’s hold".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Wield

Verb

To hold and use a weapon, tool, or power, typically with skill and control.

(चलाना)

Use, Employ, Handle, Manipulate, Utilize, Exercise, Employ, Apply, Brandish, Control

Surrender, Release, Abandon, Relinquish, Drop, Let go, Yield, Renounce, Cease, Give up

He could skillfully wield a sword, making him a formidable warrior on the battlefield.

Outsized

Adjective

Something that is larger than usual or larger than what is considered normal or standard.

(बहुत बड़ा)

Oversized, Enormous, Giant, Huge, Massive, Gigantic, Colossal, Immense, Monumental, Jumbo

Undersized, Small, Tiny, Miniature, Petite, Mini, Diminutive, Microscopic, Compact, Miniaturized

The outsized pumpkin won first prize at the county fair due to its enormous size.

Coalition

Noun

Work together towards a common goal.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Partnership, Union, Collaboration

Division, Discord, Disagreement, Rivalry

The political parties formed a coalition to address the pressing issues of the country.

Controversial

Adjective

Disagreements, or debates among people.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Disputed, Contentious, Disputable, Polemical, Arguable, Divisive, Conflicting, Questionable

Undisputed, Agreed, Uncontroversial, Noncontentious, Accepted, Settled, Unarguable, Harmonious, Unchallenged, Unproblematic

The new policy proved to be highly controversial, sparking heated discussions among experts and citizens alike.

Criticism

Noun

Faults of someone's work.

(आलोचना)

Analysis, Evaluation, review, Appraisal, Assessment, Critique, Opinion, Feedback, Observation

Praise, Commendation, Approval, Admiration, Compliment, Endorsement, Support, Applause, Acclamation, Recognition

The movie received mixed criticism, with some praising its storyline and others highlighting its lack of character development.

Barred

Adjective

Something is closed off or prevented from entry, often by a physical barrier or restriction.

(रोका हुआ)

Prohibit, Ban, Forbid, Restrict, Exclude, Block, Hinder, Disallow, Preclude, Obstruct

Allow, Permit, Approve, Admit, Include, Welcome, Accept, Facilitate, Encourage

Due to not meeting the age requirement, he was barred from entering the club's VIP section.

Defunct

Adjective

No longer in existence or operation, often referring to an organization, company, or entity that has ceased to function.

(मरे हुए)

Extinct, Inoperative, Nonexistent, Obsolete, Dead, Abandoned, Disused, Outmoded, Invalid, Unusable

Active, Operating, Existing, Functioning, Alive, Operational, Functioning, Usable, Valid, Effective

The company's defunct website serves as a reminder of its past presence in the online market.

Dissolution

Noun

Breaking down, disintegrating, or ending a partnership, organization, or formal relationship.

(विघटन)

Disintegration, Breakdown, Termination, Disbandment, Disunion, Separation, Disassembly, Cessation, Closure, Conclusion

Formation, Establishment, Creation, Union, Integration, Organization, Assembly, Continuation, Initiation, Commencement.

The dissolution of the business was inevitable due to financial losses and internal conflicts among partners.

Endorse

Verb

To approve, support, or officially signify approval or acceptance of something, often by signing or endorsing a document.

(मंजूर)

Approved, Supported, Sanctioned, Recommended, Backed, Authorized, Ratified, Accredited, Acknowledged, Confirmed

Rejected, Opposed, Disapproved, Denied, Contradicted, Refused, Dissented, Challenged, Questioned, Vetoed

The board decided to endorse the new policy unanimously.

Incarnation

Noun

Spirit taking on human form or being manifest in a physical body.

(अवतरण)

Embodiment, Manifestation, Representation, Materialization, Personification, Avatar, Manifestation, Embodiment, Realization, Epitome

Abstraction, Disembodiment, Nonappearance, non-Materialization, non-Manifestation, Non-incarnation, Non-realization, non-Personification

In some religious traditions, the deity's incarnation is considered a significant event that brings divine presence into the human world.

Oust

Verb

Forcefully remove or expel someone from a position of power, authority, or a place.

(बाहर निकाल दिया)

Remove, Expel, Eject, Dethrone, Depose, Unseat, Displace, Dismiss, Evict, Supplant

Retain, Keep, Reinstate, Appoint, Install, Reinstate, Welcome, Admit, Allow, Include

The board of directors ousted the CEO due to allegations of financial misconduct.

Consensus

Noun

To a general agreement or unity of opinion among a group of people.

(आम सहमति)

Agreement, Harmony, Accord, Unity, Conformity, Concurrence, Unanimity, Concord, Mutual Agreement, Unison

Disagreement, Discord, Dissent, Conflict, Variance, Dissonance, Disharmony, Divergence, Opposition, Disunity

After much discussion, the team reached a consensus on the project's direction, ensuring everyone was on the same page.

Flout

Verb

Openly disobeying, disregarding, or showing contempt for rules, laws, or conventions.

(उल्लंघन)

Defiance, Disobedience, Violation, Disregard, Defiance, Contempt, Breach, Transgression, Noncompliance, Rebellion

Compliance, Obedience, Adherence, Observance, Respect, Submission, Conformity, Acquiescence, Agreement, Conformance

The students were flouting the school dress code by wearing inappropriate attire.

Myriad

Noun

Countless or extremely large number of something.

(असंख्य)

Countless, Innumerable, Numerous, Countless, Multitude, Vast, Infinite, Limitless, Abundant, Infinite

Few, Limited, Scarce, Handful, Sparse, Singular, Minimal, Restricted, Scarce, Confined

The city's skyline was adorned with a myriad of sparkling lights during the festival.

Sluggish

Adjective

Being slow-moving, lacking energy, or showing a lack of activity or responsiveness.

(मंद)

Slow, Lethargic, Inactive, Torpid, Languid, Indolent, Inert, Lazy, Drowsy, Apathetic.

Energetic, Active, Lively, Brisk, Dynamic, Vigorous, Agile, Quick, Animated, Responsive

The hot weather made everyone feel sluggish and reluctant to engage in physical activities.

 

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___________ is the change in total utility due to consumption of one additional unit of a commodity. / ____ एक वस्तु की एक अतिरिक्त इकाई की खपत के कारण कुल उपयोगिता में परिवर्तन है।


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