The Hindu Vocabulary 17 October 2023

2023-10-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 October 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Balancing policy: On Israel, Palestine and India’s line.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Massacre

Noun

The brutal killing of a large number of people, especially in a violent and cruel manner.

(नरसंहार)

Slaughter, Carnage, Butchery, Bloodshed, Killing, Murder, Genocide, Atrocity, Holocaust, Annihilation

Salvation, Rescue, Preservation, Spare, Survival, Life, Mercy, Protection, Sanctuary, Compassion

The history books were filled with tales of the infamous massacre that occurred in that village.

Solidarity

Noun

Unity or agreement among individuals with a common interest or purpose, often characterized by mutual support.

(एकजुटता)

Unity, Togetherness, Cohesion, Cooperation, Fellowship, Harmony, Concord, Union, Alliance, Comradeship

Disunity, Division, Discord, Disagreement, Separation, Dissent, Conflict, Discordance, Estrangement, Hostility

The workers showed great solidarity by going on strike to demand fair wages and better working conditions.

Conflict

Noun

A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one, between parties.

(संघर्ष)

Struggle, Battle, Fight, Dispute, Clash, Contention, Feud, Combat, Confrontation, Quarrel

Agreement, Harmony, Peace, Cooperation, Truce, Accord, Conciliation, Understanding, Resolution, Amity

The conflict between the two neighboring countries led to border tensions and military mobilization.

Atrocity

Noun

An extremely wicked or cruel act, typically involving violence or injury to innocent people.

(अत्याचार)

Barbarity, Cruelty, Savagery, Brutality, Horror, Monstrosity, Inhumanity, Wickedness, Malice, Villainy

Kindness, Compassion, Humanity, Benevolence, Gentleness, Goodness, Sympathy, Mercy, Pity, Charity

The world was shocked by the atrocity committed by the terrorists, causing widespread outrage and condemnation.

Condemn

Verb

To express strong disapproval or censure for something, typically because it is morally wrong or offensive.

(निंदा करना)

Censure, Blame, Denounce, Reproach, Disapprove, Criticize, Repudiate, Disparage, Deplore, Reprimand

Praise, Commend, Approve, Applaud, Acclaim, Endorse, Support, Exonerate, Justify, Defend

The international community came together to condemn the use of chemical weapons in the conflict, demanding immediate action to address the issue.

Retaliatory

Adjective

Involving or characterized by a retaliatory action, especially in response to an attack or provocation.

(प्रतिघातक)

Vengeful, Revengeful, Reciprocal, Reprisal, Reciprocative, Counter, Responsive, Revenge, Reciprocity, Repay

Forgiving, Non-retaliatory, Conciliatory, Merciful, Pardoning, Tolerant, Non-vengeful, Gentle, Kind, Generous

After the unprovoked attack, the nation decided to take retaliatory measures to protect its interests and security.

Nuance

Noun

A subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, feeling, or sound.

(सूक्ष्म भेद)

Subtlety, Distinction, Subtle Difference, Fine Distinction, Nicety, Shading, Gradation, Undertone, Subtlety, Shade

Bluntness, Coarseness, Roughness, Clarity, Obviousness, Simplicity, Crude, Unsubtlety, Clumsiness, Heaviness

The nuance in her performance captured the complexity of the character's emotions, leaving the audience deeply moved.

Condemnation

Noun

The expression of very strong disapproval; censure.

(निन्दा)

Criticism, Blame, Disapproval, Reproach, Censure, Denunciation, Disapprobation, Condemning, Repudiation, Castigation

Approval, Praise, Commendation, Acclaim, Admiration, Endorsement, Applause, Exoneration, Extolment, Laudation

The condemnation of the unethical actions was unanimous, as people demanded justice for the victims.

Obligation

Noun

An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; duty.

 

(दायित्व)

Duty, Responsibility, Commitment, Requirement, Accountability, Mandate, Onus, Compulsion, Necessity, Chore

Freedom, Volition, Choice, Discretion, Liberty, Independence, Spontaneity, Leisure, Ease, Non-compulsion

It is our moral obligation to help those in need during times of crisis.

Abhor

Verb

To regard with extreme repugnance or aversion; to loathe intensely.

(घृणा करना)

Detest, Hate, Despise, Abominate, Loathe, Execrate, Repel, Revile, Dislike, Despise

Love, Adore, Cherish, Admire, Embrace, Respect, Esteem, Appreciate, Favor, Delight

She abhors any form of cruelty towards animals and advocates for their welfare.

Reprisal

Noun

A retaliatory action against an enemy in response to a hostile action or injury.

(प्रतिहिंसा)

Retaliation, Revenge, Vengeance, Retribution, Payback, Recompense, Counterattack, Requital, Avengement, Reciprocity

Forgiveness, Pardon, Mercy, Clemency, Amnesty, Compassion, Leniency, Generosity, Charity, Absolution

The military launched a reprisal against the insurgents who attacked their outpost.

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