The Hindu Vocabulary 9 July 2022

2022-07-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Beating the heat: On hot summers and hotter monsoons.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Incentive

Noun

Something that incites for greater effort.

(प्रोत्साहन/ उत्तेजना)

Encouragement, Enticement, Impetus, Motivation, Reason, Stimulus

Discouragement, Dislike, Prevention, Hindrance, Deterrent

The marketing plan included heavy incentives for the salesperson.

Unfettered

Adjective

Released from physical bonds.

Not controlled or restrained.

(निरंकुश/ मुक्त)

Free, Loose

Fettered, Restricted

Unfettered access to guns and other weapons leads to increased crime.

Backdrop

Verb

To provide background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि प्रदान करन)

Background, Culture

-

The support of religious intolerance by a few politicians backdropped such incidence.

Noun

Background for something.

(पृष्ठभूमि)

Background, Ground, Scenery, Scrim

-

The backdrop formed by the mismanagement of the team resulted in the loss of the series.

Anomalous

Noun

Different from the normal.

Of uncertain nature.

Deviating from the common rules.

(नियमविरूद्ध/ विषम/ असंगत/ विलक्षण)

Abnormal, Atypical, Divergent, Incongruous, Peculiar, Unnatural, Aberrant, Bizarre, Eccentric, Exceptional, Foreign, Heteroclite

Normal, Standard, Ordinary, Usual, Common, Unexceptional, Typical, Unextraordinary

The anomalous test results intrigued researchers.

Erratic

Adjective

Having no fixed course or pattern.

Inconcistent or irregular.

Transported from an original resting place by a glacier.

(अनियमित/ अस्थिर/ अनियत)

Abnormal, Arbitrary, Bizarre, Capricious, Eccentric, Inconsistent, Irregular, Aberrant, Anomalous, Changeable, Desultory, Volatile, Weird

Calm, Common, Normal, Reasonable, Standard, Steadfast, Steady, Unchanging, Regular, Sensible, Stable

The erratic nature of weather these days has caused many people to get sick.

Noun

Something that is erratic.

A rock or boulder that is believed to be brought from a distance glacial action.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अनियमित हो।/ एक चट्टान या शिलाखंड जिसके बारे में माना जाता है कि वह दूर से हिमनदों की क्रिया से लाया गया था।)

-

-

Huge erratics were lying in the valley.

Seemingly

Adverb

In appearance but not in actuality.

Used to indicate how something appears.

(मालूम होता है/ प्रतीत होता है/ उचित रूप में/ कदाचित)

Ostensibly, Clearly, Surely, Obviously, Professedly

-

The road to the cottage is seemingly risky to drive at night.

Paradoxical

Adjective

Having the nature of a paradox.

Not being normal.

(असत्यवत/ लोक-विस्र्द्ध/ मिथ्याभास-संबंधी/ असत्य सा)

Complicated, Convoluted, Disturbing, Intricate, Obscure, Discursive, Perplexing, Sophisticated, Adverse, Antagonistic, Antithetical, Incompatible, Discordant, Hostile

Easy, Simple, Direct, Apparent, Clear, Evident, Homogenous, Consonant, Harmonious, Equal, Same, Consistent, Friendly

The paradoxical theory that humans will shift to Mars is fascinating to read.

Peninsular

Adjective

Related to an area of land surrounded by water.

(प्रायद्वीप-संबंधी/ प्रायद्वीप के गुण का/ प्रायद्वीप के गुण का/ उपद्वीप का निवासी)

Arm, Cape, Foreland, Headland, Ness, Point, Promontory

-

The peninsular cities have a different culture.

Shatter

Noun

Fragments made by shattering.

(टूट/ टुकड़ा)

Chip, Flake, Shard, Shiver, Clipping, Remainder, Cantlr, Fraction, Morsel, Shaving

Whole

He brought a shatter-proof dinner set for us.

Verb

To break something into pieces.

To damage by crushing.

To destroy.

To weaken.

(तोड़ना/ चकनाचूर करना)

Blast, Burst, Crack, Crush, Dash, Demolish, Destroy, Disable, Exhaust, Snap, Splinter, Fracture

Aid, Assist, Build, Combine, Compliment, Construct, Create, Encourage, Fix, Help, Inspirit

The hails shattered my car’s window.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

I have critical evidence related to your case.

Habitation

Noun

The act of inhabiting.

A dwelling place or settlement.

A colony.

(निवास/ बस्ती/ वासस्थान/ घर)

Abode, Residence

-

In tier 3 cities, habitation is scattered into small units.

Mitigate

Verb

To cause to become less harsh.

To make less severe.

To become milder.

(कम करना/ घटाना/ शांत करना/ घीमा करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Assuage, Blunt, Dull, Ease, Lessen, Mollify, Reduce, Soothe, Temper, Weaken, Soften

Aggravate, Agitate, Extend, Increase, Intensify, Irritate, Provoke, Raise, Strengthen, Trouble

The medicine mitigated her pain and suffering.

Visceral

Adjective

Affecting the viscera.

Of the nature or viscera.

Not intellectual.

Characterized by base or crude emotions.

(आंत का)

Ingrained, Innate, Intuitive, Accustomed, Automatic, Congenital

-

He wrote a beautifully visceral novel.

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The most abundant element in the Earth's crust is: