The Hindu Vocabulary 8 July 2022

2022-07-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Disorderly exit: On Boris Johnson.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Disorderly

Adjective

Messy/ Causing trouble

(उल्टा पुल्टा)

Chaotic, Unlawful, Jumbled, Disorganised, Disruptive, Raucous, Rebellious, Rowdy

Calm, Compliant, Disciplined, Organised, Quiet, Systematic, Arranged

The disorderly exit of the incumbent leader created an opportunity for the opposition.

Charisma

Noun

Compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others.

(प्रतिभा)

Charm, Aura, Presence, Appeal, Allure

Repulsion, Disgust, Revulsion, Abhorrence

Not everyone has a hero-like charisma.

Pinnacle

Noun

The most successful point; the culmination.

(शिखर)

Apex, Culmination, Peak, Height, Apogee, Climax, Zenith

Bottom, Nadir, Base

Narendra Modi rose to the pinnacles of power over the last few years.

Cling

Verb

Hold on tightly to

(चिपटना)

Hold onto, Clutch, Grip, Grasp, Clench, Adhere, Fasten

Loose, Halt, Let go, Unfasten, Release

Afraid of being drowned, he clung to his position.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He went inside the burning house to save the child despite knowing that he may get hurt.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

I felt despite at the office party but remained silent.

Engulf

Verb

(of a natural force) sweep over (something) to surround or cover it completely.

(घेर लेना)

Consume, Encompass, Envelope, Flood, Immerse, Overwhelm, Submerge

Dry, Neglect, Uncover, Underwhelm

I was engulfed by emotions when I heard the news of the death of my teacher.

Untenable

Adjective

Not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.

(असमर्थनीय)

Indefensible, Undefendable, Unarguable, Insupportable, Flimsy, Weak

Tenable, Defensible, Strong, Stout, Sturdy, Supportable

The untenable bill was again taken up for voting at the joint session.

Chaos

Noun

violent or extreme disorder.

(खलबली)

Disorder, Confusion, Havoc, Bedlam, Tumult

Calm, Settled, Undisputed, Tranquil, Stable, Pacified

I chose to stay at home as there was chaos in the street.

Prevailed

Verb

Be widespread or current in a particular area or at a particular time.

(प्रचलित होना)

Command, Conquer, Domineer, Reign, Succeed, Triumph

Fail, Forfeit, Lose, Surrender, Follow, Yield

The subjects wished that the victory of their King prevails in North India.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

The passage of the gun restriction bill triggered resentment among gun traders.

Noun

A small device that releases a spring to fire a gun.

(एक छोटा उपकरण जो बंदूक चलाने के लिए स्प्रिंग छोड़ता है)

-

-

The gunman pressed the trigger as soon as the leader climbed up the stage to give a speech.

Disintegration

Noun

the process of losing cohesion or strength.

(विघटन)

Fragmentation, Dissolution, Decentralisation, Demoralisation, Putrefaction

-

The political disintegration in the country created mayhem among the public.

Haunt

Verb

(of a ghost) manifest itself at (a place) regularly.

to recur constantly and spontaneously to

(परेशान करना)

Annoy, Bedevil, Beset, Besiege, Hound, Worry, Agitate, Obsess, Pervade

Aid, Assist, Calm, Comfort, Delight, Help, Please

I was haunted by the sight of a lady walking with a candle.

Noun

A place frequently visited by a person or a group

(अड्डा)

Hangout, Abode, Habitat, Meeting place, Clubhouse, Den, Niche

-

In our college days, the parking lot was our favourite haunt.

Colossal

Adjective

Extremely large

(विशाल)

Huge, Massive, Enormous, Gigantic, Mammoth, Vast, Immense

Little, Minute, Tiny, Miniature, Small, Miniscule

We received a colossal statue of our great grandfather from one of his followers.

Mandate

Noun

 

An official order or commission to do something.

(आदेश)

Authorization, Command, Decree, Directive

Breach, Question, Break, Denial

The new government has to issue a detailed mandate.

Crunch

Noun

Crucial point

(संकट)

Crisis, Difficulty, Trouble, Crux, Emergency

Calm, Peace, Contentment, Trivia

We are facing an economic crunch this year.

Humiliating

Adjective

Causing someone to feel ashamed and foolish by injuring their dignity and self-respect.

(अपमानजनक)

Demeaning, Embarrassing, Humbling, Disgracing

-

Mr. Kim got a humiliating defeat in the Presidential elections.

Inherit

Verb

receive (money, property, or a title) as an heir at the death of the previous holder.

(उत्तराधिकार में पाना)

Acquire, Derive, Obtain, Receive, Succeed, Take over, Accede

Fail, Forfeit, Lose

We inherit many physical features from our parents and grandparents.

Protocol

Noun

The customs and regulations related to diplomatic formality

(संलेख)

Agreement, Code, Obligation, Pact

Disagreement, Rudeness, Crudeness, Impoliteness

The trade protocol was signed between the two countries.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Food inflation crossed the targeted value in May.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

Economists are predicting a recession in the UK.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

The counseller could not resolve my problems.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

Sherly has come to a resolve that she will join the armed forces.

Threaten

Verb

State one's intention to take hostile action against someone in retribution for something done or not done.

(धमकी देना)

Menace, Intimidate, Browbeat, Bully, Pressurize, Lean on, Terrorize, Scare

Help, Defend, Commend, Protect, Save, Praise, Please

I was threatened to drop down the idea of giving testimony against the officer.

Referendum

Noun

a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

(जनमत संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Mandate, Poll

-

There may be another referendum on the new bill in the country.

Disarray

Noun

A state of disorganization or untidiness

(अव्यवस्था)

Chaos, Anarchy, Disharmony, Shambles, Confusion, Mess

Harmony, Order, Neatness, Peace, Tidiness, Orderliness

The goods at the store were in disarray.

Verb


throw (someone or something) into a state of disorganization or untidiness.

(गड़बड़ करना)

Confuse, Derange, Disarrange, Dishevel, Discompose, Dislocate, Disrupt

Arrange, Array, Dispose, Order, Regulate, Tidy

The whole schedule of the function was disarrayed at the last moment.

 

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Question Of The Day

In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted