The Hindu Vocabulary 6 July 2022

2022-07-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled “A matter of import: On spectre of wider trade and current account deficits.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

There was a deficit of Rs.1 lakh in our revenue.

Spectre

Noun

Something that haunts or perturbs the mind

(कुछ ऐसा जो मन को परेशान करता है)

Demon, Shadow, Doppelganger, Appearance, Phantasm, Spirit, Vision

Absence, Being, Reality

The spectre of hunger led him to steal money.

Drag

Verb

Pull (someone or something) along forcefully, roughly, or with difficulty.

(घसीटना)

Draw, Move, Pull, Tow, Transport, Hale

Push, Remain

The thief was dragged out of the house and handed over to the police.

Noun

The action of pulling something forcefully or with difficulty.

(घसीटना)

Something tedious or boring

(कुछ थकाऊ या उबाऊ)

Annoyance, Bore, Bother, Nuisance, Burden, Hang-up

Delight, Joy, Happiness, Pleasure

The drag of the women out of the court was objected to by the judge.

Merchandise

Noun

Goods to be bought and sold.

(उत्पाद)

Goods, Wares, Stock, Commodities, Lines, Products, Produce

-

We are offering discounts on a range of merchandise at our store.

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

We are merchandising local tribal products to help them.

Outbound

Adjective

Traveling away from a particular place

(अन्य देश को जाने वाला)

Departing, Withdrawing, Last, Retiring, Former

Incoming, Arriving, Entering

The airline canceled all outbound flights due to the pandemic.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

A sudden surge in the share market confused everyone.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise, Soar

Fall, Stagnant

The has been a surge in food prices.

Marginally

Adverb

By a minimal amount.

At a barely adequate level.

(मामूली/ सीमांत रूप से)

Lightly, Somewhat, Hardly, Borderline

Interior, Considerably, Greatly

Your performance at the national games has improved marginally.

Tangible

Adjective

That can be clearly seen to exist

(स्‍पष्‍ट और वास्‍तविक)

Palpable, Touchable, Actual, Corporeal

Abstract, Conceptual, Intangible, Unreal

I can see tangible benefits that we can get out of this deal.

Recession

 

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced is generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

The world may again face recession effects.

Tumultuous

Adjective

Making a loud, confused noise

Marked by violent or overwhelming turbulence or upheaval

(उतार-चढ़ाव भरे)

Boisterous, Fierce, Hectic, Stormy, Disorderly, Irregular, Violent

Calm, Gentle, Mild, Moderate, Peaceful, Quiet

Shelly’s tumultuous childhood left her in constant search of approval and care.

Inelastic

Adjective

(of demand and supply) insensitive to changes in price or income

(स्थिर)

Inextensible, Rigid, Stable, Stiff, Inductile, Inflexible

Duty, Obligation

The price of inelastic goods will remain unaffected.

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Expand, Grow, Intensify, Raise

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop

The price of movie tickets escalated post-COVID pandemic.

Robust

Adjective

Possessing great and impressive power or strength.

(शक्तिमान)

Fearsome, Ferocious, Big, Tough, Mighty

Puny, Tiny, Insignificant, Trivial

I need a robust computer system for my research work.

Persistent

Adjective

Continuing to exist or endure over a prolonged period.

(लंबे समय तक अस्तित्व में रहना)

Constant, Continual, Endless, Incessant

Broke, Ceasing, Disloyal, Inconstant

The persistent rain has affected crops in many areas.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

The rise in customs duty has triggered low imports of gold.

Restrictions

Noun

A limitation on the use of some facilities.

(प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Control, Restraint, Stipulation

Allowance, Liberation, Freedom, Permission, Help

The company imposed various restrictions on its employees.

Appetite

Noun

Desire for food, worldly goods

(भूख)

Craving, Demand, Fondness, Greed

Apathy, Indifference, Dislike, Hate

Shailesh has an everlasting appetite for life.

Manoeuvre

Verb

Plan

(पैंतरेबाज़ी)

Exploit, Manipulate, Navigate, Operate

Destroy, Neglect, Disorganize, Forget

The car was unable to manoeuvre comfortably on the hills.

Vicious

Adjective

Deliberately cruel or violent

(बुरा)

Atrocious, Barbarous, Cruel, Ferocious, Heinous

Calm, Civilized, Gentle, Good

It’s your choice whether you want to be virtuous or vicious.   

 

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